While political apathy to many pressing problems of India is glaring, one key area of national concern, generates some hope. Looking at the successive government’s actions across the partisan divide, as well as the last federal election manifestos of the two largest parties, the future of science and technology in India looks promising.
Last election cycle, the ruling Indian National Congress (INC) documented the formation of several new research institutions and promised their continued support. The main opposition party: (BJP) Bhartiya Janta Party’s manifesto, drafted by an ex-physicist, in addition to institutional support, touched on the improvements needed in the IPR regime and evolution of new funding mechanisms.
Given that in the near future Indian government would only be formed with coalition partners, several smaller parties that traditionally never had any science and technology section to their manifestos need to start clarifying their vision on this pressing issue. The third emerging force in the Indian politics, Aam Aadmi Party that recently displaced INC and BJP in the local elections of Delhi, also needs to clarify its position, as it prepares to play an increasing role at the national stage. I hope this election cycle, which starts in few weeks, witnesses a detailed science and technology manifesto released by all groups. I also hope that all prominent candidates discuss their science policy positions on the national television, just as they discuss other prominent issues.
As a young investigator contemplating return to Indian science, I have few suggestions. I am sure there will be many more suggestions by other scientists at various stages of their career. Hopefully the following small list would catalyze further discussion in the form of elaboration and extension, as well as constructive criticism and deletions.
1. Despite recent efforts, India has yet to register internationally mentionable significant strides in scientific research and education. Instead of general statement of intent, political formations need to provide specifics of preventing brain drain and encouraging reverse brain drain. Financial support for research needs to increase several fold to match the other Asian competitors of the same and even smaller population and economic sizes.
2. In India, akin to China, too much emphasis is put on proxy metrics of success, especially on the number of publications and short-term citations. In addition to funding few safe and reliable projects, government needs to start funding individuals who are willing to tread the off the beaten path. Special rewards and funding should be reserved for individuals who are successful in high-risk high-reward projects.
3. Smarter resource allocation that goes against populist sentiments is direly needed. Funding large number of institutions with suboptimal support is far inefficient than adequately supporting and promoting much smaller number of fully capable institutions. Until the persistence of resource limitation, this prioritization also needs to be extended to research areas. Indian government has recognized few focus areas but has hardly done much to promote them. Less than adequate support to the Department of Biotechnology, inadequate initiative in the key areas of Neuroscience, Supercomputing and Nanomaterials, spreading defence research budget to proven unproductive projects such as engine for LCA Tejas, are all errors that need immediate remediation.
4. In non-sensitive areas, senior positions should also be open to researchers from all nationalities, as there is an urgent need to seed novel research directions with the right starter culture. Approvals needed in some institutions for international collaborations need to be completely removed. Novel funding mechanisms needs to be established for encouraging international collaborations.
5. Modern science requires extensive cross collaboration. Indian science funding, hiring and promotions needs to break out of the traditional mold that strictly define a researcher belonging to one field only. Separate funding mechanisms need to be established for researchers crossing the conventional boundaries.
6. In addition to supporting science and technology institutions, government of India needs to step up its existing incentives to R& D companies, especially startups, beyond initial subsidies and loans, so that talent developed in scientific institutions can be best absorbed and utilized domestically.
7. The boundaries in basic science and applied science are disappearing with every passing day. A good IPR regime is a must to incentivize innovation and entrepreneurship in applied work. More encouragement should be given to researchers, who want to establish their own startup R&D companies in addition to conducting basic research, as long as their academic performance faces no negative consequence and conflict of interests.
8. Equally importantly, there is need of systematic research opportunities for students in high schools and undergraduate studies. This exposure would enable students to explore exciting careers in research streams in addition to the well-publicized engineering and medical jobs. Increasing research exposure in high schools should not be confused with sham lab and practical courses, where the same syllabus is repeated every year and students repeat or just watch demonstration experiments.
9. Barring few notable exceptions, scientists with ongoing mentionable research careers are largely absent from the policy settings. This needs immediate correction.
10. Central ethics and regulation agencies that deal with violations of proper conduct are much needed. Currently such organizations are nearly non-existent and in the rare cases of an official existence, they are practically toothless.
11. Central bodies that exist to regulate the quality of materials, tools, high-tech instruments, food and drugs, need a serious restructuring, as India attempts to provide better end products to its citizens and have an impact in the global markets. Recent controversies of Indian pharmaceuticals with the US FDA could have been prevented with better domestic inspection and certification.
5 Ways to Strengthen Sibling Bond
Blood is always thicker than water. This is one of the most appropriate proverbs one can find.
Blood relations always prove to be the most important and everything fades away when it comes to your own blood. Sibling bond is one of the closest bonds one can have.
During childhood any child with a sibling can understand that bond and feel the closeness on that bond. In Spite of endless fights, disagreements, siblings love each other the most and are very protective of each other.
It is very easy to maintain this bond while you are younger and living together, the challenge comes to maintain that bond while you grow up and start moving towards your own social and domestic life. Here are some tips how you can strengthen your sibling bond while still handling your work, social and domestic life:
1. Plan Holidays Together:
Make a pact that every year you all will get together and plan a holiday either with family(if married) or just all the siblings together. it will make sure that you are taking time out for yourselves and not getting faded in everyday life.
2. Have a Private Group Chat:
Siblings can make sure that you all initiate private group chats and make sure you share your everyday routine, happiness, problems etc in order to keep everyone in the loop of your life.
Group chat makes sure that you are catching up on each other on an everyday basis and is a constant part of each other’s lives.
3. Send Gifts to Each Other:
Siblings can plan to send each other gifts on different occasions that will help in building a close relationship with each other. Sometimes, it is possible your sibling might be based far away or in a foreign country. There are so many online platforms available where you can send a gift to your siblings whether its online birthday cake delivery or online rakhi delivery etc. everything is available on online portals.
4. Help each other in Reaching Goals:
Siblings are the most important people who can push you towards your goal. Siblings can encourage each other towards what is the best course to take for a bright future. Sometimes a sibling can recognise your potential much faster than you yourself can. Thus it is important that you share your goals and aspirations and listen to each other in order to go forward in your life.
5. Cultivate Friendship:
It is very important that siblings should cultivate not only sibling bonds but become best friends and should be able to confide in each other. This is only possible if they work on developing only siblings but a friendship bond. A good friendship will ensure that it becomes very easy for siblings to communicate with each other and discuss any issues they might face. It is important that the friendship is of a level that when one sibling needs help they should reach their sibling in the very first course.
So, these were some tips that can strengthen your singing bond. If you follow these tips, you can make sure that you will become best friends with your siblings and will have a great relationship despite a life of your own.
A Historical exploration of Khajuraho
The UNESCO world heritage temples of Khajuraho are situated in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. Built by the kings of Chandela dynasty during 950 to 1050 AD, these exquisite temples were lost to the world from 13AD onwards till they were discovered by the British in 1838 under the cover of dense date palm trees.
This collection of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples are Khajuraho temples are famous for art on stone. Variously described as living temples, Temple of Love and consisting of unique erotic sculptures the Khajuraho group of temples are considered by many to be the pinnacle of India’s temple art. The temple complex creates an eclectic mix of spirituality, eastern philosophy, architecture and cultural heritage.
Khajuraho is best visited during winter on account of its extreme climate. Summer months can be very hot. The famous Khajuraho Dance Festival is held in March and attracts visitors from across the world.
Khajuraho is well connected to major cities by train and by air. The airport is 5km from the city centre and links to Delhi, Agra and Mumbai. It is best recommended to use a trusted cab service provider like Savaari, where you can make an online booking by downloading the Savaari App.
Western Group of temples.
The Western group of temples have the largest of the temples and are richly decorated and form the main area of attraction
- Lakshmana Temple – The temple dedicated to the Hindu trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva is the oldest of the Khajuraho temples and has some the finest sculptures that can be seen in India.
- Kandariya Mahadeo Temple – This Shiva temple is covered with beautiful carvings, sculptures and frescos that are known for their beauty, grandeur and finesse.
- Devi Jagdamba Temple – This relatively dainty temple dedicated to Goddess Jagadamba has three bands of sculptures and the uppermost layer has some of the most erotic sculptures that Khajuraho is also famous for.
- Chitragupta Temple – One of the rare temples of the Sun God in the country.
- Vishwanath Temple – The temple is unique for its colossal bull statue dedicated to Nandi, the favourite companion of Lord Shiva.
Eastern Group of Temples
- Parsvanath Temple – The Jain temple shows an eclectic mixture of Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim influences in its three roof architecture.
- Ghantai Temple – This Digambar Jain temple has a beautiful frieze inscribed on stone depicting the 16 dreams as seen by the Mother of Lord Mahavira. The temple though gets its name from the remarkable pillars, carved with chains and bells.
- Brahma Temple – Among the oldest temples in Khajuraho, the temple is built entirely using granite and sandstone and dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
Southern Group of Temples
- Chattarbhuj Temple – Situated 3 km from the main city, the temple is the only one in Khajuraho without any erotic sculpture and faces west. Best visited during the sunset, the temple is known for the intricate and beautifully detailed four-armed idol of Lord Vishnu.
Do remember to attend the Light and Sound Show conducted in the Western group of temples that describes the horary past of these beautiful monuments.
Khajuraho is surrounded by other places of interest, such as the Panna National Park and the Ranneh Falls. Do plan your visit and hire outstation or local cabs from the airport to visit these temple complexes.
Explore the royal city of Mysore
Call it the Heritage City or the City of Palaces, the city of Mysore still emanates a feeling of au royale even in a 21st century India. A place of heritage for royal families, sultans, and legendary names in history, every corner of Mysore is steeped in stories of victory, power, and grandeur. A tour of this majestic city is only justified when you explore the royal heritage of the City of Palaces.
Conveniently located on the southern edge of the Karnataka State, Mysore is easily accessible from major cities. It takes about three hours to travel the 152 KM distance from Bangalore to Mysore.
History and Heritage
The city of Mysore served as the capital for the Kingdom of Mysore between the 1300s until 1956. These six centuries saw the kingdom change hands of rulers and kings, from the Wadiyar Dynasty, Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. But the common element of all the rulers was their penchant for art and culture. Under their patronage, they contributed to the city’s visual and cultural glory which earned Mysore the fame of Karnataka’s cultural capital.
A royal tour
If you want to experience the regal side of Mysore, you cannot but miss these structures of historical and architectural significance. You can join a heritage walking tour to explore the city on foot, or head from Bangalore to Mysore by car and stop by at monuments, palaces, and museums and learn about the legends that made Mysore. You can start your walk from the Town Hall, built in 1884, as a tribute to the first Dewan of the city.
Mysore Palace- The official residence of the royal family of Wadiyars, the palace itself is a work of marvel. An overwhelming blend of Indo-Saracenic, neoclassical, Indo-Islamic and Gothic architectural works, the Mysore Palace is a breathtaking sight. Built in 1912, the palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and boasts delicate works of mirrors, stained glass, mosaic and more. On any given day, you will find more tourists here than even at the Taj Mahal. Every Sunday, the palace comes alive with 97000 light bulbs bedazzling its façade and the premises.
Lalitha Palace– Yet another heritage building, the two-storied Lalitha Mahal sits on a ridge at the foothills of the Chamundi Hills, which makes for a great vantage point. The palace was transformed into a hotel and offers a royal stay. If you truly want a feeling of royalty, then a stay here would be an experience.
Jaganmohan Palace– One of the seven prominent palaces of Mysore city, is a stunning work of ancient Indian architecture with intricate interiors and exteriors. The palace, transformed into a royal art gallery since 1915, houses paintings of the royal family, art by Raja Ravi Varma and an array of rare and antique musical instruments.
Museums- Stop by the Rail Museum to explore the archaic steam engines, the Maharani’s saloon, and other railway souvenirs. There’s also the Jayalakshmi Vilas Mansion showcasing more than 6500 folk artifacts from all parts of Karnataka. The Folk Art Museum, one of the most visited in the city, is also known for its collection of toys, models, and figurines.
Crawford Hall- Built in 1947, this is a must visit historic structure in Mysore. The royal palace is now known as the Mysore University but still renders a rich heritage to its ambiance.
Small, medium or large-scale, every historical building and monument of Mysore has a majestic touch to it. And such architecture speaks of its glorious past, which has left traces for the modern civilization to explore.
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