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Is India Really Looking for Gujarat Model? Gujarat Compared with Other States – The World Reporter
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Is India Really Looking for Gujarat Model? Gujarat Compared with Other States



After failing to come to the centre two times in a row, BJP is making all efforts to use the current anti-incumbency environment to its advantage with a strong leader who has an established vision for the country. Failing with India Shining campaign in 2004, and then failing to project strong leadership in 2009, this time BJP has put forward its Gujarat model of Development.

Will BJP be able to implement the Gujarat model all over India? Is it applicable all over India? Does India really need a Gujarat model?

When in past 10 years India had a governance full of corruption, Gujarat was marching ahead in development. Today Gujarat is arguably the most advanced state in India. Why arguably? Because the statistics say another story. From Human Development Index, to electricity, to transport network, Gujarat does only slightly better than the average of India.

The coming general elections in India are going to be different. It will not be a usual Congress led alliance VS BJP led alliance election. With the strong emergence of AAP and possible formation of third and fourth front, there can be unexpected results. In such scenario, BJP needs to come up with some new ideas, which can pull the crowd. Abolishing income tax and reservation based on economic condition could be some revolutionary ideas, which BJP has been already debating internally.

Gujarat Model and Human Development Index [1]

Opening the National Human Development Report of 2011 gives an unexpected insight of how various Indian states are doing compared to each other based on Human Development Index. Kerala and Delhi are the only states that shine in dark green sitting proudly in the High HDI group. Gujarat sits at the end of the Medium HDI group much below North East India (excluding Assam), Jammu and Kashmir and Haryana. For those who are unaware of HDI, it is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices. Interestingly it was created by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and the Indian economist Amartya Sen in 1990 and was published by the United Nations Development Programme. However, in the year 2011 report, the data of 2007-08 was used when Narendra Modi had only completed his 6-7 years in the office. Assuming that number takes at least 10 years to reflect, may be today the situation of Gujarat is much better.

HDI Gujarat Model

Gujarat model HDI India map

Sex Ratio [2]

Census report of 2011 gives another discouraging picture of Gujarat when it comes to Sex Ratio. Gujarat is one of the very few states in India whose sex ratio has gone down compared to the census of 2001. While Kerala and Pondicherry are the only states/UT with favourable sex ratio, Gujarat lies much below with 918 females per 1000 males, which is even lower than the national average (940).

Sex Ratio Gujarat Model

Coverage of Vaccination [3]

Coming to the Healthcare Sector, National Family Health Survey 3 Report gives another shocking image of Gujarat. NFHS-3 ranked states of India in order of percentage of children between 12-23 months of age who received all recommended vaccines. The report ranked Gujarat (45%) 19 out of 28 states, much below Jammu and Kashmir (67%), Haryana (65%), Odisha (52%), Tripura (50%), Chhattisgarh (49%), and Mizoram (46%) and only above the national average (44%). Tamil Nadu (81%) topped the chart and Nagaland (21%) came at the bottom. Although this is the latest report, but it was released in October 2007, which contains data from 2005-06. The situation of whole India must have changed by appreciable amount now and Gujarat might be doing much better.

Vaccination coverage Gujarat Model

Literacy Rate [4]

Going by the census report of 2011, Gujarat (79.3%) is placed at 12th position when it comes to Literacy rate falling behind states like Tamil Nadu (80.3%) and Maharashtra (83.2%). While Bihar ranked the least in the list at 63.8%, Kerala maintained the top position with 93.91%.

Gujarat Model Literacy rate comparison of India

Click to Enlarge

Electricity Usage [5]

Narendra Modi claims the meaning of Gujarat is 24/7 electricity. However, when it comes to electricity usage, 24/7 electricity claim is not helping much. Again in the census report of 2011 it was studied how many households are using electricity as the source of lighting. Union territories such as Lakshadweep (99.7%), Delhi (99.1%), Daman and Diu (99.1%), Chandigarh (98.4%) and Puducherry (97.7%) do extremely well to occupy the top five positions in the chart. Gujarat (90.4%) was ranked at 16th position below Punjab (96.6%), Tamil Nadu (93.4%), Andhra Pradesh (92.2%) and Haryana (90.5%). If Gujarat gets 24 hours electricity that means 9.6% of households in Gujarat do not get electricity at all.

Electricity Usage Gujarat Model

Underweight Population [6]

There has been debates on malnourished women and children in Gujarat, when it comes to underweights, Gujarat falls below Indian average, only above the states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan. Nearly 26.2% of men and 30.3% of women were found to be underweight. Punjab, Mizoram, Sikkim, Meghalaya topped the chart with least number of underweights, Punjab had only 2.2% of men and 2% women underweight. Measure DHS Demographic and Health Surveys published this report in September 2007 with the data from 2005-06. This is again an outdated report, and the condition in Gujarat must have improved and could be better than many other states.

Transport Network

Much can be commented on the development level of a state from its transport network. Unfortunately, Gujarat does not do well here as well. While length of the roads may depend on the area of the state (UP being at the top), we took road density (m/km2) for our comparison which positioned Gujarat at 21st position out of 28 states in India, above the states like Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim which have difficult terrain. However, the data is unconfirmed and the source cannot be verified. For more information, click here.

Road Density Gujarat Model

Life Expectancy at Birth [7]

The figures from the 2011 Human Development Index Report by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) India puts Gujarat (69.4) slightly above the national average (68.9) on the scale of Life expectancy at birth. Much below Kerala (76.8), Punjab (74.5) , Haryana (72.9) and Tamil Nadu (72.4).


GDP [8]

When it comes to nominal GDP then Gujarat displays great performance. Gujarat is one of the top five economies in India after Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu as per 2011-12 data.


Concluding Remarks

Gujarat does have some of the first of its kind big projects in India that displays its economic strength; however, the numbers do not reflect it. Since much of the data is outdated, probably today’s Gujarat is really one of the best states in India. Nevertheless, those who want to argue on Gujarat model of development will question based on this data since these are the only latest figures. We are not anti BJP or pro any other party; please do not take this article as an attack on any politician or political party. We only believe that BJP must come up with more revolutionary ideas, like those listed at the beginning of the article, in their manifesto. Solely relying on Gujarat model might not give the desired results.

Your Turn

Do you have something to add in the article? Alternatively, do you oppose anything said on this article? Please add your views and opinion in the comments section below and facilitate a healthy intellectual debate. The article may be amended based on selected comments to maintain neutrality. Do not see your avatar on the comment section below? Sign up for gravatar with the same email ID that you use to comment on this post.


[1] “Economic Survey 2011-12” (PDF). Union Budget & Economic Survey, Ministry of Finance, Government of India. pp. 310–311. Retrieved 8 February 2013.

[2] Population and Sex Ration by States (Excel)

[3] “National Family Health Survey 3 (2005-2006)”. National Family Health Survey. Retrieved 23 December 2013.

[4] Census of India 2011 (PDF)

[5] “Source of Lighting” (PDF). 2011 census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2011.

[6] India DHS 2005-06, Published September 2007

[7] “Inequality-Adjusted Human Development Index for India’s States 2011”. (PDF) United Nations Development Programme. 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2013.

[8] GDP by states (PDF)

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Employee Training and Development Becomes One of the Most Disruptive Megatrends That Is Shaping the Future of Work



Employee training

There is no question about the effectiveness of employee training and development. It’s incredibly important to help your staff advance their skills and knowledge to help grow a business, but the impact of employee learning has often been understated and even neglected. However, companies are now suggesting that employee training and development is one of the biggest megatrends that have completely transformed the future of work. It has overhauled how businesses should be developing and engaging with employees, and it’s leading to an incredibly diverse and talented workforce that is capable of wonderful new things.

Part of the problem of employee training and development is that it’s difficult to measure its impact on the workplace. Employee performance often isn’t a quantitative measurement that is easy to read and link to their output. This is one of the reasons why the effectiveness of employee training and development has been questioned by management experts.

Thankfully, new strategies have been developed to help measure workplace learning and its impact on companies. Below, we’ve included a helpful infographic that covers some of the most important measurements, such as return on investment and how it is calculated in the context of employee learning and development. It should put the effectiveness of employee training into perspective and will help you better understand when training is needed and how development actually improves your business and its productivity.

Infographic by: Ezra Coaching
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Top 10 Simple Health Changes To Boost Your Well-Being



It does not matter how old you are, where you live, or what your occupation is, your health should always be a top priority. However, most of us are a little bit guilty of letting our well-being slide from time to time. With that being said, read on to discover some of the simple ways you can give your health a boost today.

  1. Get rid of at least one item in your life that contains toxic chemicals – You may be shocked by just how many items in your life contain toxic chemicals. This includes everything from air fresheners to bed sheets. Get rid of one of these items and replace it with something natural instead. This is something you should make a habit to do every few months or so. You will be surprised by just how much of a difference this can make. 
  2. Deep breathe for at least five minutes – Throughout the day, you should make sure you take the opportunity to deep breathe for at least five minutes. Why? Well, there have been numerous studies that have shown that deep breathing can help to lower stress hormone levels. This means that you will feel better, get an improved night’s sleep, and you will have less anxiety too.
  3. Drink more water – You probably expected this to be on the list, but the importance of drinking more water should never be ignored. Your body needs water for almost every function. If you are dehydrated, this could be the cause of headaches, pains, aches, and a number of other symptoms.
  4. Have one veggie night per week – A lot of people eat far too much meat, red meat especially. So, why not have a veggie night once a week? Not only is this good for your health, but it will be good for your bank balance too. There are so many great recipes online that can give you ideas regarding tasty and creative dishes that do not incorporate any sort of meat or fish. Once you start off with one night per week, you may then decide that you want to up it to two nights, and so on. However, it always helps to start off small so that it is easier and more manageable, and you can then get used to it.
  5. Sign up for an online pharmacy – Nowadays, you can easily order your prescriptions and medications over the Internet via an online pharmacy. This can help you to boost your health because it ensures you never experience delays with your medication. If you are someone who often doesn’t take their recommended course of tablets because you cannot get to the doctors in time for a repeat prescription, then this is definitely a good suggestion for you. Your medication will be delivered to your door with a click of a button.
  6. Make a dedicated effort to lower your stress levels – There is no denying that we live in a very stress-filled world at the moment! The world we live in is one that has heaps of pressure, and it can be difficult to stay on top of everything and keep those stress levels low. However, it is vital that you find a way to do so. After all, if you don’t adrenal fatigue and health can start to take a tumble, which is the last thing you want. For those who are unaware, adrenal fatigue relates to a group of different symptoms that impact people who are under a lot of physical, emotional, or mental stress. From being a single parent to having a stressful job, there are a lot of different reasons why you may be struggling. Therefore, we recommend that you look for different ways to reduce those stress levels so that you can enjoy a more calming and peaceful life. Whether it is doing some breathing techniques or taking more regular breaks so you can have moments for yourself, there are a lot of different ways that you can make sure you are keeping your stress levels to a minimum. The importance of this should not be overlooked, as stress can impact our mental and physical health in so many different ways. 
  7. Do something nice for someone every day – You will be surprised by how good this makes you feel, and by how much this has a positive impact on your health. It’s all about mental well being. When you do something nice for another person, you are benefitting their health, as well as your own. First and foremost, there is no denying that it feels good to hear some nice words for someone or to get a helping hand when you need it. You feel recognised and appreciated, and this is something we all need. At the same time, doing something nice for someone else and seeing their reaction can make you feel amazing too. After all, doing something good for someone is a gift for yourself at the same time. You will find that the deed continues throughout the day, making you feel great and happy within yourself. 
  8. Incorporate some movement into your commute – If you do not have an active job, this is particularly important. Sitting at a computer all day can be bad for your health. One way to combat this is by incorporating some movement into your commute. If you can walk or bike to work, you should give this a go. If not, start parking your car further away from your place of work so that you have to walk there and back. You should also start using the stairs instead of the elevator whenever you can.
  9. Start meal planning – You will find it much easier to eat healthily if you plan your meals. At the start of every week, make a menu of what you are going to cook for dinner every evening, as well as what you are going to make for your lunches every day. Not only will this help you to eat better, but you will save money too. Make sure you incorporate some healthy snacks into your food prep for work. This will stop you from going to the vending machine whenever you are bored or your energy is zapped. The great thing about the times we live in at the moment is that you can easily get recipes and meal prep inspiration online. So, if you are struggling, simply do a little bit of digging online and we are sure that you will find a lot of different options when it comes to meal ideas and clever food prep suggestions for the week ahead. Not only is this going to help you to be more organized, but you will find that it actually saves you quite a bit of money in the process. After all, when we do not have a food plan for the week ahead, we tend to spend a lot of money on items we do not need. Food can end up going in the bin because we do not use it. This ends up in an awful lot of waste, and we should all be looking to reduce this, so meal prep is great in many ways.
  10. Keep a journal – Last but not least, keeping a journal is good for a person’s mental health. You should write down your thoughts. It doesn’t need to be a long entry; you can simply jot down a few bullet points every evening. This will help you to articulate your thoughts so that they do not wear you down. After all, it can be very difficult to sleep if you have lots on your mind. A lot of experts advise this approach for people who suffer from insomnia. One of the main reasons why a lot of people struggle to get the hours of sleep they need is because they cannot shut off when they go to sleep; their minds are still going at a million miles per hour. They are thinking about what they need to do the following day and any worries or concerns that they may have. Because of this, it very much makes sense to keep a journal so you can offload some of these thoughts and worries and you can have a much more restful night of sleep. Once you get into the habit of doing this, you will see that it actually does make a significant difference when it comes to drifting off and enjoying a good night of rest. 

So there you have it: some of the best ways to give your health a boost. The suggestions that have been provided are really simple and easy, so there is no excuse not to give yourself a bit of TLC. we are sure that you will start to notice a difference as time goes on. However, as is the case with anything, it requires patience and persistence. You cannot expect to turn your health around in one night.

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Why Buy A Business, Rather Than Start One



There are good and bad sides to buying a business and starting your own business from scratch. For lots of people, the positives of buying an established business outweigh the positives of starting a business. Here are the reasons why buying an existing business could be the right choice.

Easier To Secure Finance

All businesses will need finance. Unless you can fund your business yourself, you’ll need to secure financing from investors. Most lenders will be more willing to lend money to an established business that they can already see is doing well, rather than risk an unknown factor. 

Income From Day One

One of the downsides of starting a business is that most start-ups will go through an early stage where they don’t make much, if any, money. For some entrepreneurs, this stage can last for several years. 

During this stage, you will need to pay out for things like your premises, as well as equipment, installation of equipment, stock, materials, fixtures and fittings, legal and professional fees, a license, uniforms, and more. 

If you don’t have finance in place or another form of income, this stage can be very tough for a new business owner. If you buy a business, you can start earning from day one, and avoid this tricky period where you might be out of pocket.  

Established Brand

When you buy a business that already exists, you are also buying into a brand that is already known, recognizable, and has a track record. You get the business complete with all the trademarks, copyrights, and websites associated with it, as well as the business locations

This means that your business will already have customers, lenders, suppliers, and other contacts that are confident in the business already. 

Instant Customer Access

An existing business also has customers already, which can help you succeed straight away. You can use a range of strategies and marketing to build on the existing customer base, but won’t have to struggle to build a customer base from scratch. 

Established Network Of Contacts

When you start a business from scratch, a lot of your time and energy has to be put into building up a network of contacts. 

All businesses need to have supplier and marketing contacts, so buying an existing business that already has those contacts in place allows you to hit the ground running.

Like money lenders, suppliers and marketing companies are more likely to offer you more favourable terms if your business has been around for a while and they know it.  

Focus On Growing The Business

When an entrepreneur starts a new business, they will have to put a lot of their energy into getting their business off the ground. This takes a lot of time and can be very tiring. 

On the other hand, when you take over a business that is already established, you’ll be freer to focus on the areas of the business that most need your attention, aiding the growth of the business as a whole. 

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