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Corporate World Influencing the Government and Geopolitics



Corporates influencing governmentThe lines between corporations and governments from all over the world are blurred more and more. We can see examples all over the world. Just think about Gazprom and Russia, Sinopec and the Chinese government or the major Wall Street players and the US government. Usually, this relationship is a poorly understood one.

We can imagine the correlation between corporate world and governments as an equation based on supply and demand. The corporate world asks for more political freedom, limited governmental actions and on the other side the governments try to offer market discipline, governance platforms for value creation systems and regulations.

From a theoretical standpoint the amount of influence that the corporate world can exert at the governmental level is shaped by 4 elements. The first one is the legal heritage of a country: common law countries (US, UK, Australia) versus civil law countries (the majority of EU states, China and Russia). Traditionally the common law system offers greater political freedom and limited governmental actions and civil law systems based on the principle ceteris paribus (all other things being equal) gives less influence to the corporate world. Another element is the degree of decentralization – a horizontal economy is increasing the number of entry points so it is easier to influence the political life of that system. The third element is the industry structure: in an oligopolistic industry is easier to influence the government because there are a few corporate giants which have access to all the necessary means: human and financial capital and pressure groups – think about the oil industry where we have huge companies like Exxon, BP or Shell. The last element is the structure of the company: the size of the company is proportional with the amount of influence.

When we hear the word geopolitics we must think about influence and control. This is a “battle” of ideas, strategic interests and models. With the background established by the globalization process now more than ever our future is uncertain. In July 2007 Russia’s Duma passed a bill for Gazprom (natural gas) and Transneft (oil pipeline network) which gives the right to create private, internal armies. Also Gazprom can use drones in order to protect its assets. Russian energy can be used as a weapon of diplomacy and Gazprom plays an important role in this gambit. But what will happen when the agenda of Gazprom will collide with the interests of Kremlin? This is a difficult question.

Let’s move to Asia. The Asian Crisis of 1997 proved that the governance system at the state and corporate level is inefficient. This crisis was the result of a huge amount of non-performing loans. The “peaceful rise” of China is connected with “the rise of the Rest” as journalist Fareed Zakaria once said. For example, China Investment Corporation which is a sovereign wealth fund bought a 10% stake from Morgan Stanley (US financial company). When we are talking about this relationship between the Chinese government and the corporate world we always must have in mind the fact that in China there are a lot of SOEs (state owned enterprises). The rise of China, Russia, India, Indonesia and Brazil undermined the position of United States and generally speaking the position of the West. Even if we are talking about a multipolar world America continues to be a giant in the sphere of geopolitics and foreign affairs. There are many corporations, powerful ones, which can influence the public opinion or the political decisions in the United States. A good example here is the debate on climate change and all the related issues. In the time frame 2002 – 2010 ConocoPhillips, an oil company, invested more than $60 millions in lobbying and the funding ratio of anti-climate to pro-climate members of Congress was 15.4 to 1. The funding ratio for Murphy Oil was 29:1 and for Exxon Mobil was 10.1 to 1 (UOCS, A climate for corporate control, 2012).Another good example is the situation from Rosia Montana and the connection between the Canadian company Gabriel Resources and the Romanian government. Rosia Montana is a small community with a millennial history that dates back to the Roman Empire. In this area there is a huge deposit of gold and silver (300 tons of gold and 1.600 tons of silver). There are also rare metals like vanadium, titan, nickel and cobalt. According to some visions from the academic sphere the value of these metal deposits is four times bigger than the value of the gold and silver which can be extracted from Rosia Montana. Gabriel Resources created Rosia Montana Gold Mining Corporation and they want to use cyanide in order to extract everything. Behind Gabriel Resources there are 4 persons and their combined fortune represents 12% of Romania’s GDP. There are two major problems in this debate. The local environment can be damaged irreversibly by the cyanide mining process and the royalty payment towards the Romanian government is small. The decision of the Romanian government to allow Gabriel Resources to implement their mining plan generated extensive street movements and media debates.We live in a world ruled by complex networks. “Guanxi” is a Chinese word which means: the style of leadership used to create relationships in networks of influence.

We, as a society, must understand that this Asian concept is very important for our development because we need to mitigate greed with the fear of losses using prudential regulation and supervision. When we will be able to use this balanced leadership style, disasters like the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008 will become easier to predict and control.So what do you think? Who is ruling the world today? Are Governments strong enough to resist corporate pressures? Have multinational companies become much stronger and political leaders too corrupt to hold against their sometimes over-the-top demands?

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Nepal Hindu Rashtra: Time to Wrap Up Communism?



nepal hindu rashtra

Nepal abolished the Constitutional Monarchy in May 2008 and declared itself as a Federal Democratic Republic. There was a new hope in Nepal as it was becoming world’s newest democracy even though it had dissolved the Hindu Rashtra. However, the democracy in Nepal immediately got into the tight grips of leftists and communists backed by China. It has been almost 12 years since monarchy was abolished in Nepal. Interestingly, the Himalayan country has already seen 11 Prime Ministers in this period. Thus, leaving the Nepalese people still yearning for good and stable governance.

Re-establish Hindu Rashtra

As the political instability is growing in Nepal, people are demonstrating concerns about the future of the country. In fact, Nepalese citizens are unhappy with frequent interference by China and India influencing its unstable communist regime. More voices are now growing in support of reinstating the Monarchy and declaring Nepal as world’s only Hindu Rashtra (which by default offers full religious freedom to other religious minorities as per Hindutva concept of Sarva Dharma Sama Bhavaall paths lead to one).

Former Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal, Kamal Thapa said that if political parties do not recognize the seriousness of reinstating the monarchy, then the country will head for a period of darkness. “Recently, we’ve had high-ranking officials from India and China come to Nepal to try and solve problems within the ruling party,” he said. “We cannot let others dictate what we want to do.”

Communist Party All Set to Suppress Protests, By Force

Kamal Thapa has firmly demanded an all party meet to discuss reinstating of monarchy. Throughout the month of December, 2020 Nepal has seen anti communism protests across the country in support of reinstating the monarchy and Hindu Rashtra. Most importantly, the demand has become a nationwide mass people’s movement. So much so that the communist regime had to send a directive to 77 districts in 7 provinces. The directive suggests suppressing the protests by force. Nevertheless, Rashtriya Prajatantra Party and other royalist groups have ignored this threat from the communist regime. Protester groups have pledged to strengthen the protest in the coming weeks.

Role of China – Hope for Communism in Nepal

China’s ambassador to Nepal is known to have very close relationship with Nepalese Communist regime. In fact, She has been super effective in tilting Nepal’s posture towards its ideological partner, China. One of her greatest achievements in 2020 was artificially manufacturing a border conflict between Nepal and India. Consequently, souring relations between the two Hindu majority nations. In addition, she managed to silence Nepal’s communist government after China took one of Nepal’s border villages under its control. However, recent political turmoil in Nepal and a renewed demand for reinstating of Hindu Monarchy is showing that the situation is now out of Chinese hands

Role of India

Year 2020, was not a good year for India and Nepal relations. India was busy in controlling domestic Covid cases. On the other hand, China had launched an invasive campaign into Indian territory. In addition, India is always busy with Pakistan on its western borders. However, the surprise came to India when China was almost successful in creating a new border tension between India and Nepal.

Those who do not know about Indian government should note that the current ruling party in India finds itself ideologically opposite to communism. This further creates differences between the two countries.

Communist party in Nepal has blamed India for supporting the ongoing anti communism protests in Nepal. However, former advisor to Nepal’s PM has suggested there is no proof that India is fueling pro Monarchy, anti communism demand in Nepal.

Nevertheless, There are certain influencers in India who have, in their personal capacity, expressed support for reinstating the Hindu monarchy. Yogi Adityanath, who is the Chief Minister of an Indian state bordering Nepal, said in 2015 that Nepal should declare itself a Hindu Monarchy. Readers should note that in 2015 Yogi Adityanath was not the Chief Minister yet. However, today he is not only popular in south of Nepal, his popularity is growing in Nepal as well.

Will The World See the first Hindu Rashtra?

It is difficult to answer this question at this moment. However, Nepalese communist government could not resolve the political instability and in December 2020 Nepalese government dissolved the parliament. Nepal will see next elections in April – May 2021. Hopefully, the world will see Nepal’s 12th Prime Minister in 13 years or may be a Hindu King? Royalists and protester groups have expressed confidence in winning next elections. We have our eyes on Nepal for updates.

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America’s Justice System – The Need For Reform



A recent poll by the National Opinion Research Centre revealed that 95% of Americans favour vital criminal justice reforms. This is hardly surprising, given that several people of varying racial, partisan and ideological dispositions have called out the justice system over its many failures throughout the years. Most Americans received the Trump Administration’s First Step Act as a step in the right direction, as about 60% of people approved the criminal justice reform bill according to a 2018 poll. However, many people still believe the justice system’s approach to crime is ineffective and needs dire change, and these are some reasons why.

Prison population and funding concerns

Research conducted revealed America has about 2.3 million prisoners, making the US the country with the highest incarceration rate globally. Experts estimate that the country’s prison population has grown by a whopping 340% over the past three decades; new prisoner admissions into jails are higher than prisoner release numbers. The cost of maintaining the nation’s prisons at taxpayers’ expense has inspired a lot of backlash and calls for budget cuts. According to research, slashed correction spending was the preferred option by most states to balance their budgets and redirect spending to other areas.

Minimum mandatory sentences

Minimum mandatory sentences are statutes that force judges to give defendants convicted of a crime the minimum prison sentence. Mandatory sentences rob judges of the traditional way of considering the defendant’s character and the unique circumstances surrounding offences. Even when represented by criminal defense attorneys with many years’ experience, defendants often succumb to prosecutors’ pressure to plead guilty or face more severe charges with higher mandatory sentences. The guilty plea bargain consequently resolves about 95% of both federal and state court cases. Research also shows that about half of inmates in federal prisons are doing time for drug offences- causing overpopulation in the prison system.

Growing number of people killed by the police

An estimated 1000 civilians are killed by police officers annually in the US. The frequency of police brutality cases over the years requires immediate reform to the American justice system. Data suggests that the incidence of fatal police shootings is higher among African-Americans than any other ethnicity, inspiring movements like the ‘Black Lives Matter’ campaign to press on with protests for significant police etiquette reforms towards coloured minorities. The police force faces incessant accusations of racial profiling, indiscriminate use of power, and poor discretion, which has led a reported 58% of Americans to think policing needs major reforms through measures like better-trained officers, and wearing body cameras.

Evolving public opinion on crime

Research released by the Sentencing Project and The Justice Policy Institute reveals that more people in conservative states are embracing preventive, rehabilitative, and alternative sentencing options for non-violent offenders. Most Americans now view the prevention of crime as the most vital function of the justice system, as 77% of Americans think that focusing more on character education and after-school programs would be cost-effective by reducing the number of people going to jail. Almost two-thirds of Americans also believe in the need for lighter sentences with more useful, reformative programs in prisons that will benefit inmates upon release. Therefore, support for harsh penalties that harden criminals and make them a more significant menace when reintroduced into society has dwindled.

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The History Question: Is It Better to Remember or to Forget?



Years ago, a philosopher by the name of George Santayana said a phrase that fuels many debates to this day. His original saying is “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it”, although, many sources now present it as variations of “those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it”. The latter definitely has more substance to it in the light of the ongoing debate about how much history we should be learning and how.

Is It Better to Remember or Forget About the Past?

On one hand, Santayana was right. Learning about the past is essential in order for people to progress. One also shouldn’t overlook the importance of remembrance and paying respects to the dead, both those who pushed the progress forward and those who have fallen victims to major tragedies that could and should have been averted.

The main argument in favor of learning about the past is that its knowledge is necessary for preventing the same thing happening in the future. Having it one can see the signs and stop the tragedy before it gains momentum.

That’s sound in theory, but the reality is always different. For example, today people are surely forgetting, and the much-critiqued education system is only partially at fault here. Even the greatest of tragedies weren’t spared this fate. It’s a proven fact that about two-thirds of millennials today don’t know about the Holocaust, and this number is surely greater for generations that follow them. In the school history course, the subject of one of the greatest disasters in history is barely touched, if touched at all. And outside of a history classroom, one can only see small, but terrifying, glimpses of it at the Holocaust Museum and other museums that rarely attract many visitors. And now we are witnessing a rise of antisemitic crime.

Are these two facts related? Does the lack of awareness about the horrors done in the name of Aryan supremacy contribute to the fact that right-winged extremists seem to be gaining popularity again?

It does, but by how much? That is the question that no one can truly answer.

And what about other genocides? The Holocaust had the highest death toll, but it was far from the only genocide in history. And quite a few of those happened after World War 2 and before the memory of the atrocities against the Jews began to fade. This means that while forgetting history is a factor, it’s not the deciding factor in its repeats.

But what is that thing responsible for the reenactment of past mistakes and tragedies?

Learning. This is the important thing that is most often overlooked when citing Santayana’s famous saying. It’s not enough to learn about the past and know the facts of things that happened. It’s important to learn from those facts and put in place protections that will prevent them from happening again. And this is something that humanity, as a whole, has yet to succeed in doing.

Dwelling in the Past Can Be Just As Bad

One also shouldn’t forget that there is such a thing as “too much history”. The Bosnian War and genocide that happened there in the 1990s is a vivid example of how the past can be exploited by political powers. Used as a part of propaganda, which fueled the war, history can become a weapon in the hands of those who want to use it for their own goals.

And this is what humans have been doing since the dawn of time. There is always someone who will use any means necessary to achieve whatever it is they wish. This results in wars and genocides, and hundreds of smaller but no less devastating tragedies.

Therefore, the problem isn’t whether people should be learning history but human nature itself. Perhaps, teaching this can help fix this fundamental flaw and truly stop the worst of the past from repeating.

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