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Pakistan’s MFN Status to India; Who Will Gain Out of This?

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Pakistan's MFN Status to India, Wagah Border

India and Pakistan at Wagah Border. ‘
Photo taken by Kamran Ali

India and Pakistan are the two countries which are involved in regular trade with the world. But when it comes to the neighbourhood, they are hardly maintaining any business relationship with each other. Many times the idea of starting free trade between the two neighbours was discussed. Pakistan had its own ups and downs in declaring India as its most favoured nation, but now the discussion is more about who among India and Pakistan will be benefited more if Pakistan gives Most Favoured Nation status to India.

Do you think Pakistan should give India MFN Status?

India and Pakistan, known in the world as major nuclear rival neighbours, always had tensed relations. Within this rivalry many steps towards peace were taken, some of which were successful and some eventually failed. The dialogues between two nations had almost stopped when Pakistan’s terrorist organization’s involvement in November 2008 Mumbai attacks came in the picture. India maintained a no dialogue policy until Pakistan would take action against the culprits of Mumbai attack.

It was in July 2009 amidst the tourist season when regular tourists from around the world were coming to Egypt  in full flow, diving in Sharm el Sheikh which is a beautiful tourist destination facing the Red Sea. There were some really interesting developments happening between India and Pakistan. Indian and Pakistani premiers met in Sharm el Sheikh for the first time after Mumbai Attacks. The outcomes of the meeting were lauded in Pakistan, whereas were chided by Indian analysts, but the most important aspect of the meeting was the resumption of the peace process.

While India has given a good reaction prior to the developments in Pakistan about granting MFN status, Pakistan is giving mixed response. There are analysts who think giving MFN to India is a right decision and there are analysts who have censured this step. The main reason of Pakistan for castigating this step is that India has been very strict to Pakistan in terms of providing its market for Pakistani goods.

India had given MFN status to Pakistan as soon as WTO (World Trade Organization) replaced GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) in 1995. The MFN rule requires that a WTO member must apply the same conditions on all trade with other WTO members, i.e. a WTO member has to grant the most favorable conditions under which it allows trade in a certain product type to all other WTO members. “Grant someone a special favour and you have to do the same for all other WTO members.”

Even after India giving MFN status to Pakistan, India’s non-tariff barriers, technical, security and custom standards were so strict that Pakistan couldn’t make most out of it. Pakistan on the other hand, which has comparatively less stricter standards, fear that Indian products will burgeon in their markets challenging their local industries if such status is given to India. 

India has complex trade barriers not only for export to India, but also for import from India. Dr. Ashfaq Hassan, Dean of NUST Business School, Pakistan shared his experience when Pakistan imported live animals from India during the shortage of meat in the country. He mentioned that custom office had problem because the animals were not vaccinated, and they had to take the animals all the way back to Delhi to get them vaccinated.

However, Federal Secretary Commerce, Zafar Mehmood, who believes that trade should normalize between the two countries,  maintains that India and Pakistan were trading normally between 1947 to 1965, and Pakistan’s export to India was quite high in number compared to India’s export to Pakistan. Regarding non tariff barriers imposed by India, he said they have been working with Indian establishment and Indian commerce minister to sort out all the issues and doubts which can later be problematic for either Pakistan or India.

To make things easy for Pakistani exporters and to make them understand about Indian custom regulation, Pakistan invited Indian trade regulator officers to give presentation to Pakistani exporters in Lahore and Karachi. Pakistan is also interested in signing three agreements with India, which stress on the delay in customs in India, discrimination in evaluation of Pakistani goods in customs, resolving disputes of exporters/importers, recognition of Pakistan’s internationally credited laboratory and standards institute in India.

One of the most important thing that Pakistan will gain from giving India the MFN status will be reduced importing costs of machinery and machine parts, for example parts of textile machines, rail wheel, sugar mill machinery, and electric power generation machinery, etc which India produces on par or even better than international level. These machinery when Pakistan imports from other countries, often “Made in India” equipment items end up arriving on Pakistani ports. These parts are then not allowed to pass the Pakistani customs. 

This complexity in trade between India and Pakistan has helped trade mafias whose job is to order parts from India in Dubai or Singapore and then remove “Made in India” markings to sell it to Pakistan on higher rates, causing loss to Pakistan’s industries. If trade is normalized between the countries, Pakistan will not only save the transportation cost but will also get rid of these trade mafias who sell the same thing for higher rates.

Moreover, Pakistan’s textile and textile finishing has high appreciation in India and India is considered as great market for textile industry of Pakistan because of the high quality and similar traditions. Another industry which will gain from giving MFN status to India is Pakistan’s Cement industry. Pakistan produces high quality cement in surplus, that is more than what Pakistan needs. Also, while approximate cost of one bag of cement in Lahore is 100 Rupees, the same bag twenty Kilometres across the border in India costs 500 Rupees, this price difference can be utilized by the Pakistani industries for their benefit.

Various analysts in Pakistan believe that Pakistan’s bank sector also has a good opportunity in India. India is believed to be a major market for banks. Many analysts stressed on the fact that international banks are earning more profit from India than from Pakistan.

Pakistan’s restricted trade with India is an international obligation which has to be resolved, there is also a huge number of population (nearly 50%) in Pakistan’s north eastern and eastern areas which borders with India, this population will gain a lot if trade is normalized. These are some of the main reasons why Pakistan government should consider granting India MFN status.

The two countries share almost similar culture, similar dressing style, similar food and similar language, thus there is a huge opportunity for trade among the two. While India is a powerful economy which can threaten Pakistan’s local industry, Pakistan should not forget that India is also a huge market of one billion people from which Pakistani industries can make huge profit.

Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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How to plan the best Ibiza party

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Ibiza is the party capital of the world. In the beautiful Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean sea, the island vibes and gorgeous weather has hundreds of thousands of visitors flocking to the island every year ready to relax, unwind and in many cases party hard.

VIP night in London Barcelone MArbella ibiza

This is why Ibiza is a fantastic place to host the event to end all events, but with so many parties to choose from on the island, how do you get people to yours? Here are some hints and tips to get you started when planning your first Ibiza event.

First things first – set a budget

Amazing parties do not just happen. They need time, a lot of effort and planning, and be prepared to invest a little money in the party.

It is important not to underestimate the budget you will need. Do your research in relation to how much everything will cost, from licences if you need them, staff to run security and provide drinks and food, a DJ, rental of important equipment and the hire of the venue itself.

It can soon add up. You should also allocate some funds towards marketing the event if you want people to book a ticket or simply turn up. Whether you are printing publicity material, or promoting via social media and online, it will cost money.

Choose a venue that will blow people away

For any Ibiza party planner the first thing you have to do is choose a venue, and the more spectacular or unusual the better. You want your guest to walk in an say wow, and be talking about it with all their friends for years afterwards.

When choosing a venue you need to consider the logistics first. First consider how many attendees you are expecting. If it is a more intimate gathering of around 20 to 50 people, then there are many gorgeous villas to choose from.

Or you might want something a little more grand if you are expecting several hundred like a beach party. Talk to the various venues available to hire. Make sure that they are open to your hosting a party at their location, and be conscious of local laws and the neighbours especially of you want to have live or amplified music at the party and the intention is to keep it going long into the night. Or even until the sunrises – this is Ibiza after all, the party capital of the world.

Also consider location in terms of accessibility. Is it easy to get to and find? How will people get home at the end of the night? Much of Ibiza is spread across the island so if taxis are involved you might need to let some of the taxi companies know that you will need a lot of taxis on the night you choose. Also consider other elements of the party. For example you can’t host a pool party without a pool, and if you are serving food, what facilities are there for preparing it.  

Get the sound and lighting right

Lighting can make a huge difference to the atmosphere of a party, particularly at night and especially if you are intending to have professional filming if you want to create promotional videos for future parties.

Think about the atmosphere you want to create, is it something subtle, or a lighting spectacular? The most simple space can be utterly transformed by lighting and this is no area to cut costs, it is likely you will need lighting equipment hire Ibiza, as buying it yourself really will blow the budget.

Are you thinking of pyrotechnics, LED displays, lasers or dry ice. Then the best option is to hire what you need for the event. A good hire company will also be able to provide all the rigging you will need too, delivered, installed and dismantled by professionals.

The second major piece of electronics that you have to get right is the sound system, especially for a music event. Consider sound system hire Ibiza for everything from PA systems to advanced mixing desks for live events and concerts.

Looking after your guests with the best service

You’ve gone to all the trouble of setting up the most amazing venue, the entertain is going to be fantastic, the marketing has got people to turn up – the last thing you want is for the event not to meet expectations.

You need to have a plan for how you will look after your guests after they arrive.

One of the most important aspects, especially for large crowds is the toilets. You do not want half your guests in a queue for the toilet all night. You also do not want those toilets to immediately become disgusting because you haven’t got enough for the number of people. So make sure you have that covered.

You also need to work out the bar, any VIP area and catering options if you are providing them. You want your guests to feel comfortable at all times, and not leaving because they are hungry or thirsty.

Finally, the most important aspect – the people. When you hire staff for the night, as security, runners, bar staff, cleaners, remember that they will be representing you and they need to have a positive attitude when it comes to looking after your guests. This can make all the difference between a smooth running amazing event, and one that very quickly turns into chaos.

It can sometimes feel a bit daunting when planning your first event, especially if you have never done it before. There are a lot of moving parts, and your organisational skills need to be incredible to avoid the pitfalls of a failed event. But don’t let that put you off. It might even be worth calling in a professional Ibiza event agency, so that you can have a little peace of mind in the planning and also rely on their expertise in event planning and the local area. You can then concentrate more on having a good time and enjoying the show rather than run yourself ragged on the night.

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6 reasons why you are not getting a good paint finish on your model car

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car paint

Painting model cars is a great pastime for a rainy afternoon, and there is something so satisfying about seeing the final results of your careful efforts.

But what if the final finish isn’t what you expected? Any small blemish can be enough to ruin the model, and while no-one else will be able to see it, it will be the one thing your eyes are always drawn to. Here are some reasons you might not be getting the imperfection free finish you had hoped for.

1. There is dust or grease on your model

Is is so important to properly clean your model first. Even fresh out of the packet there can be traces of dust or residue from the manufacturing process, and this can have disastrous effects on the ability of the paint to adhere to the model properly.

Use warm soapy water for the cleaning, and a microfiber cloth that is less likely to leave behind fibers and make sure you dry it thoroughly. It is important that your workspace is equally as clean, tidy and dust free as possible.

2. You are not using a primer

For the best finish you simply have to use a primer. The best model car airbrush paints are solvent based and the primer seals the plastic and gives the surface something for the paint to adhere to.

The primer will also usually include a microfiller that will cover small scratches or dents, without affecting the design detail. It means the paint will adhere properly regardless of whether the base material is plastic, resin or metal. Apply in thin layers, preferably with an airbrush for the best results and allow to dry properly.

3. You are not using the right paints

You need to make sure you are using a solvent based, base coat lacquer paint, like Gravity Colors. The paint should have a fast drying time to stop dust sticking to the wet paint, be made to resist fading and be pre-thinned for airbrush use so you don’t have to worry about getting the consistency right.

You also want to make sure that you are choosing the right replica colours for the make and model you are trying to replicate, and if you are opting for metallic paints, you want the metal flakes to be to scale, or it will not look right in the finish.

4. You are not cleaning your airbrush properly

This is absolutely key, especially when working between primer and paint, or between paint colours.

You need to clean your airbrush with acetone or nitrocellulose thinner, and for the best cleaning of the parts of the brush try an ultrasonic cleaner.

5. You are applying paint too thickly

The colour needs to be applied thinly, and then working up to thicker coats. It is really important to get to know your airbrush and how to adjust the flow of paint. Practice a few times away from the model.

Thicker spray has a tendency to make the paint run which can be very unsightly and difficult to rectify. It is also best to have the model on a stand that you can easily rotate in order to get even coverage with each layer. Don’t forget you can always hand paint in the trickier parts rather than repeatedly air spraying.

You also need this stage to dry properly too, it can take as long as 48 hours before you can move to the next stage.

6. You aren’t applying the clear top coat properly

The top coat is very much the part that will complete the model. It will take it from semi-matt to a high gloss you see on full size cars.

You need to apply the first coating as a fine mist. This will give the model a matt appearance, but this is ok. After 10 minutes, then apply the top coat properly so until you can see the glossy finish.

It won’t be perfect yet, that happens as the gloss cures. Once dry it will have smoothed out complete. After 48 hours you will then be able to polish it up and the gloss will have set rock hard. Don’t forget to clean your airbrush right away.

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Hooks for industry – what do you need to know

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Construction Machine

In construction, we often find ourselves faced with the need to lift or move very heavy materials and, to this end, the role played by cranes is fundamental.

It should not be forgotten that in order to operate a crane it is essential to be in possession of a crane operators licence and, to do so, it is necessary to be over 18 years of age, pass a medical examination, have a compulsory secondary education diploma, pass a theoretical-practical course given by professionals in the sector, as well as concluding this training with a final examination.

One of the main parts of a crane is the hook, which makes it easier to hook heavy parts safely.

It is important to emphasize that the hooking of these materials must be carried out correctly following an exhaustive protocol since the detachment of these materials can cause very serious and even lethal damage and injuries. This is why these hooks require periodic revisions to check the conditions in which they are, since if they show deterioration or possible cracks, it would be necessary to replace the hook since it is not possible to work with damaged hooks.

The construction sector is very important all over the world, especially for all kinds of commercial and personal projects. The machine par excellence to carry out a work of great calibre is the crane, thanks to all the benefits and advantages that it leaves with it, such as the speed and the possibility of moving heavier elements thanks to the crane hook.

As in everything else, there are different more specific equipment depending on the type of material to be used and the size of the load itself. Therein lies the importance of the hook, which is in charge of ensuring that this material can reach its destination in the best possible way and without causing accidents along the way.

It is the companies contracted for the construction of the infrastructure themselves that are in charge of renting this type of vehicle or, in some cases, if they already have their own, they can save a large amount of money. The heaviest ones can even exceed 40 tons in weight.

What kind of materials can they transport? From pictures, screens, lifts, air conditioning and even essential elements for the assembly or disassembly of various heavy objects, which humans can not manipulate by their own.

However, not everything is as simple as having one of these machines and getting into the cabin. The engineer who is responsible for driving it must be well prepared and have advanced knowledge of what he is doing. No one wants all the work to be thrown overboard by one simple mistake, hence the importance of this person.

In the same way, the fact that all the contracted team is made up of professionals can reduce both the risks and the total costs that are going to be carried out and, if all this were not enough, you will also be making sure that the machinery will be handled successfully and the final work will obtain a better result.

The expert gets a very clear function, review the existing working conditions and know what kind of equipment and material is necessary to meet the needs of the client.

It should not be forgotten that in order to operate a crane it is essential to be in possession of a crane operators licence and, to do so, it is necessary to be over 18 years of age, pass a medical examination, have a compulsory secondary education diploma, pass a theoretical-practical course given by professionals in the sector, as well as concluding this training with a final examination.

Other option is the Elebia auto hooks for industry, that is the automatic hook. This is an innovative hook. It is a device that allows unloading remotely without the need for manual presence of any operator. It has a magnet, sibil lock, which blocks the rotating part avoiding the possibility of loosening.

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