Connect with us

Business

Pakistan’s MFN Status to India; Who Will Gain Out of This?

Published

on

Pakistan's MFN Status to India, Wagah Border

India and Pakistan at Wagah Border. ‘
Photo taken by Kamran Ali

India and Pakistan are the two countries which are involved in regular trade with the world. But when it comes to the neighbourhood, they are hardly maintaining any business relationship with each other. Many times the idea of starting free trade between the two neighbours was discussed. Pakistan had its own ups and downs in declaring India as its most favoured nation, but now the discussion is more about who among India and Pakistan will be benefited more if Pakistan gives Most Favoured Nation status to India.

Do you think Pakistan should give India MFN Status?

India and Pakistan, known in the world as major nuclear rival neighbours, always had tensed relations. Within this rivalry many steps towards peace were taken, some of which were successful and some eventually failed. The dialogues between two nations had almost stopped when Pakistan’s terrorist organization’s involvement in November 2008 Mumbai attacks came in the picture. India maintained a no dialogue policy until Pakistan would take action against the culprits of Mumbai attack.

It was in July 2009 amidst the tourist season when regular tourists from around the world were coming to Egypt  in full flow, diving in Sharm el Sheikh which is a beautiful tourist destination facing the Red Sea. There were some really interesting developments happening between India and Pakistan. Indian and Pakistani premiers met in Sharm el Sheikh for the first time after Mumbai Attacks. The outcomes of the meeting were lauded in Pakistan, whereas were chided by Indian analysts, but the most important aspect of the meeting was the resumption of the peace process.

While India has given a good reaction prior to the developments in Pakistan about granting MFN status, Pakistan is giving mixed response. There are analysts who think giving MFN to India is a right decision and there are analysts who have censured this step. The main reason of Pakistan for castigating this step is that India has been very strict to Pakistan in terms of providing its market for Pakistani goods.

India had given MFN status to Pakistan as soon as WTO (World Trade Organization) replaced GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) in 1995. The MFN rule requires that a WTO member must apply the same conditions on all trade with other WTO members, i.e. a WTO member has to grant the most favorable conditions under which it allows trade in a certain product type to all other WTO members. “Grant someone a special favour and you have to do the same for all other WTO members.”

Even after India giving MFN status to Pakistan, India’s non-tariff barriers, technical, security and custom standards were so strict that Pakistan couldn’t make most out of it. Pakistan on the other hand, which has comparatively less stricter standards, fear that Indian products will burgeon in their markets challenging their local industries if such status is given to India. 

India has complex trade barriers not only for export to India, but also for import from India. Dr. Ashfaq Hassan, Dean of NUST Business School, Pakistan shared his experience when Pakistan imported live animals from India during the shortage of meat in the country. He mentioned that custom office had problem because the animals were not vaccinated, and they had to take the animals all the way back to Delhi to get them vaccinated.

However, Federal Secretary Commerce, Zafar Mehmood, who believes that trade should normalize between the two countries,  maintains that India and Pakistan were trading normally between 1947 to 1965, and Pakistan’s export to India was quite high in number compared to India’s export to Pakistan. Regarding non tariff barriers imposed by India, he said they have been working with Indian establishment and Indian commerce minister to sort out all the issues and doubts which can later be problematic for either Pakistan or India.

To make things easy for Pakistani exporters and to make them understand about Indian custom regulation, Pakistan invited Indian trade regulator officers to give presentation to Pakistani exporters in Lahore and Karachi. Pakistan is also interested in signing three agreements with India, which stress on the delay in customs in India, discrimination in evaluation of Pakistani goods in customs, resolving disputes of exporters/importers, recognition of Pakistan’s internationally credited laboratory and standards institute in India.

One of the most important thing that Pakistan will gain from giving India the MFN status will be reduced importing costs of machinery and machine parts, for example parts of textile machines, rail wheel, sugar mill machinery, and electric power generation machinery, etc which India produces on par or even better than international level. These machinery when Pakistan imports from other countries, often “Made in India” equipment items end up arriving on Pakistani ports. These parts are then not allowed to pass the Pakistani customs. 

This complexity in trade between India and Pakistan has helped trade mafias whose job is to order parts from India in Dubai or Singapore and then remove “Made in India” markings to sell it to Pakistan on higher rates, causing loss to Pakistan’s industries. If trade is normalized between the countries, Pakistan will not only save the transportation cost but will also get rid of these trade mafias who sell the same thing for higher rates.

Moreover, Pakistan’s textile and textile finishing has high appreciation in India and India is considered as great market for textile industry of Pakistan because of the high quality and similar traditions. Another industry which will gain from giving MFN status to India is Pakistan’s Cement industry. Pakistan produces high quality cement in surplus, that is more than what Pakistan needs. Also, while approximate cost of one bag of cement in Lahore is 100 Rupees, the same bag twenty Kilometres across the border in India costs 500 Rupees, this price difference can be utilized by the Pakistani industries for their benefit.

Various analysts in Pakistan believe that Pakistan’s bank sector also has a good opportunity in India. India is believed to be a major market for banks. Many analysts stressed on the fact that international banks are earning more profit from India than from Pakistan.

Pakistan’s restricted trade with India is an international obligation which has to be resolved, there is also a huge number of population (nearly 50%) in Pakistan’s north eastern and eastern areas which borders with India, this population will gain a lot if trade is normalized. These are some of the main reasons why Pakistan government should consider granting India MFN status.

The two countries share almost similar culture, similar dressing style, similar food and similar language, thus there is a huge opportunity for trade among the two. While India is a powerful economy which can threaten Pakistan’s local industry, Pakistan should not forget that India is also a huge market of one billion people from which Pakistani industries can make huge profit.

Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

Continue Reading
Comments

Business

5 Ways To Find New Clients For Your Business

Published

on

woman-business-development

If you’re looking for ways to find new clients for your business but you don’t know where to begin then don’t worry, you have definitely come to the right place. Whether you’re a new business or you’ve been in operation for years, you need to be sure you’re regularly approaching new clients that could be interested in your business. Luckily, there are lots of ways for you to do exactly that. From attending events to speaking with local businesses, you may be surprised at the things that you can do. With that in mind, here are 5 ways to find new clients for your business: 

Attend Events And Conferences (Both Online And Off)

One of the best ways to find new clietns is to attend events and conferences within your business. With everyone there to network, you will be able to speak to people when they’re open to discussing their needs as a business. Face-to-face conversation goes a long way in sales and with that, events are the perfect too. 

With the COVID-19 curently affecting the events industry negatively, online events are also a great way to meet potential clients. Although networking may be a little harder, you still have lots of opportunity to meet new clients. For a guide to events during the COVID-19 pandemic, you can visit this site here. 

Speak With Local Businesses

If you have lots of businesses in your local area and you think that they could be a potential client for your business, get out there and speak to them. Whether this means sending them an email or picking up the phone, you may be surprised at how far a quick conversation can go. 

Use Online Platforms That Help You Find Leads

Although you may not be aware of this, there are lots of online platforms that allow your to find leads. Whether you’re searching through online tenders or looking a job listning boards for freelancers, you can find a lot of your clients simply by searching the right site. For more information when it comes to online tenders, you can visit etenders here. 

Invest In A Sales Team

By investing in a sales team, you’re investing in people who can help your business make more money. It may be a scary investment to start with but by the time they start bringing new clients on board, it will be worth it. For a guide to building a sales team, you can visit this site here. 

Use Social Media To Advertise

Social media is a great way to market your business and in turn, it can bring you more clients. Although it takes a lot of work and dedication, it’s definitely worth it. 

With lots of great tips and tricks to bear in mind, you can be sure you’re doing all that you can to find new clients for your business. What else could you do? Did we miss anything off of the list? Let us know your thoughts and ideas in the comments section below. 

Prev postNext post
Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Continue Reading

Business

Tips For Organizing A Successful Business Event

Published

on

BUsiness event

It doesn’t matter your industry or the nature of your business. There will likely be a time when you’ll want to throw a business event of some sort.

It’s essential that you review the following tips before you get started planning so that all goes over smoothly. You can rest assured that your event will be a success when you start planning early and map out your tasks and set deadlines for each to-do. Remember to have fun with this project and to make a note of what didn’t go over well so you can make changes the next time around.

Assign A Planning Team

Events can give your business the competitive edge it needs to succeed. It takes a team to plan a successful business event. There’s a lot that needs to get done so avoid trying to do all the work yourself. Put one person in charge of the event, so you know who to turn to for questions and to get an update on the progress you’re making. Make sure you sit down and talk about who’s doing what so there’s no overlap.

Set A Budget

Another tip for organizing a successful business event is to set a budget and to do so right away. It’ll be helpful to know how much money you have to work with before you start to sign contracts and put down deposits. A budget will help guide your decisions and ensure you don’t spend too much. Keep your budget handy throughout the planning process so you can refer to it when you’re completing your tasks.

Choose the Right Location

Your event will be much more of a success when you pick a prime location to hold it. You must have the right size venue and ensure it fits your theme. Tour spaces and see your options before making a choice. Once you have a venue, consider hiring First Traffic Management to ensure your guests get to your event safely. Let them handle the logistics and any permits so you can focus on being a good host.

Get the Invites Out Early

Your event isn’t going to go over very well if there are no attendees. Therefore, once you secure a date, time, and location, then you should send out the invitations right away. You want to have an idea of how many guests you can expect and for the invitees to put the event on their calendars and save the date. Create a marketing plan to help drum up excitement and get the word out about your business event.

Discuss On-Site Roles & Responsibilities

The night of the event is just as important as the preparation and planning leading up to it. You’re going to want to have a staff of people who can help ensure all goes over seamlessly when it’s show time. Get your staff together and discuss roles and responsibilities so each person knows what they’re in charge of and can be useful at your business event. Talk about logistics and ensuring everyone involved has a job to do and knows how to answer any questions the guests may have.

Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Continue Reading

Business

How to Give Your Business a Competitive Edge

Published

on

Due to the current financial climate, it is more critical than ever before for companies to stand out against their competition. The damage caused to the economy by COVID-19 has led to job losses and business closures. Figures from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) show that real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 5.0% in Q1 2020 and then dropped to 31.7% in Q2 2020. While you may not be able to control the events that caused the economic downturn, you can take steps to ensure that your business has the best chance of success and survival in these challenging times. One crucial way to protect your business for the longterm is to find ways to give your company a competitive edge. 

A competitive edge enables your business to become a major competitor in your industry and differentiates your company from the many similar businesses operating in your sector. You need your business to be the one that consumers think of first, when they have a need for the products and services that you offer, and you want them to keep coming back time and again. The question is, how do you develop a competitive edge? Read on to find out:

Differentiate Your Company From the Competition

The phrase USP or unique selling proposition is one that you would hear bandied around a lot in marketing departments in the past. Nowadays, the term USP is so well worn that it is practically overlooked. However, the importance of finding a way of differentiating your business from your competitors is a lot more than mere marketing jargon; it is an essential tool to ensure that your business stands out from the crowd for all the right reasons.

Ask yourself, ‘what makes my business different from the many others out there?’ Then use this to your advantage by communicating it to your customers.

Spot Opportunities

Being the first in your industry to capitalize on an innovative new trend or idea is an excellent way to edge your way ahead of the competition. To spot these opportunities, you need to be on the lookout for ideas and inspiration. A perfect way to spot opportunities that your competitors may have missed it to keep up with news from around the world by reading the international press, for example, israelnationalnews.com. Keeping up with international news will enable you to spot potential markets for your products and services and to capitalize on these opportunities.

Offer Exceptional Service

While there are many ways that you develop a competitive edge for your business, it is vital that you don’t neglect the basics. Offering exceptional customer service is crucial for keeping a step ahead of your competitors. Many consumers become frustrated when a business attempts to attract new customers while neglecting existing customers. Ensuring that both returning and new customers are offered the same level of outstanding customer service is sure to give you a significant edge over the competition.

Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Continue Reading

Trending