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Discord in European Union: Why Should Romania and Bulgaria fight for Schengen – The World Reporter
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Discord in European Union: Why Should Romania and Bulgaria fight for Schengen

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Earlier this week, European Commission has expressed its continuous support to European Presidency’s efforts of including Bulgaria and Romania into Schengen area. It is a big diplomatic win for Romania, the country which has faced rejection to the entry in the Schengen region several times along with Bulgaria.

In May 2011, The European Parliament’s civil freedoms committee had approved a recommendation for Bulgaria and Romania to joined Schengen free-travel zone. The principal condition for the nations joining the multinational Schengen zone is their ability to ensure the security of the EU’s external borders. In this case Romania, which borders non EU states of Moldova, Ukraine and Serbia; and Bulgaria, which borders non EU states of Turkey, Macedonia and Serbia will own the responsibility of securing their borders not just for themselves but for the whole European Union. When the South East European countries of Romania and Bulgaria were close to achieve their dream, The Netherlands, in the meeting of the EU Council of justice and interior ministers postponed their adhesion to Schengen region for 2012, saying ‘these two countries may enter the Schengen area only after they carry out effective judicial reforms.’

Angela Merkel and Basescu

German Federal Chancellor, Angela Merkel,
and Traian Basescu, President of Romania.
Image by European Council

Time to time Germany, The Netherlands and Finland have played their cards to block or postpone the entry of the two countries. In September 2011, Netherlands and Finland urged the two bidders to do more to fight corruption and organized crime.

This year in March, Germany and the Netherlands again launched a strong protest to prevent Romania and Bulgaria entering into the region saying at this stage it would be premature, due to rampant corruption there. During the meeting of Ministers of Interior and Justice of the European Union, in Brussels, unfortunately for both the countries the decision was again postponed to the end of 2013, when they will be again judged on the eligibility criteria. On this occasion, German interior minister, Hans-Peter Friedrich in Brussels said “There are some areas of weakness, such as in the functionality of the judicial system, that prevents us from saying: abolish the borders,” said Friedrich. He warned Germany might witness an influx of untrustworthy people, migrating there “without further control”.

Schengen area map
Schengen Area, Image by Ssolbergj

 

After all these development and use of power against the two countries, do we think Romania really needs the entry in the Schengen area?

Romanian Foreign Minister, Titus Corlatean said, “We have lived without entry to the Schengen zone for a long time, and we can live without it for a longer time as well.”

To know what Romanians think about their membership of European Union we asked Gabriela Ionita, Editor in Chief, Power&Politics World.

TWR: What do Romanians think about Germany preventing them to enter Schengen Agreement Last Month?

gabriela ionita the world reporter
Gabriela Ionita,
Editor in Chief Power&Politics World

Gabriela Ionita: Romanian people have many other real problems. Discussion about the opposition of some country like Germany, Netherland (official) or France (unofficial) is rather an issue of mass-media agenda. According to a poll, there were in fact seven states that expressed their disagreement regarding Romania`s accession to Schengen zone. Sure, we can speculate about the fact that three of these states are run by the family of European political parties where its part also actual in power party PSD, and the four belong to the European political family where is part opposition party PDL. However, the position of a State to the Schengen expansion is not linked necessarily to European policy, but domestic policy and how it will affected the State. Hans-Peter Friedrich, German Interior Minister and member of the Christian Social Union (CSU), part of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party, publicly announced that Germany will use its veto, if required, to prevent Romania from joining the Schengen zone. But, we must not forget that Germany is one of the states that negotiated the plan of Romania’s accession to Schengen in two stages, thus overcoming the deadlock from 2012 in the talks on the accession of Romania.

TWR: What do Romanians feel about EU? Are they happy to join it in 2007? What are the significant positive changes in Romania after joining the EU?

Gabriela Ionita: If we look at the broad aspect, we can say that Romania is one of the European Union countries with a balanced distribution between Euro-sceptic and Euro-optimistic. Of course, joining the EU was a reason of joy for all Romanian. Joining NATO and the EU are the most important steps of the past 20 years. Unfortunately, subsequently, the governments have not been able to intelligently and efficiently utilize the benefits of this membership. The simplest and perhaps the most general result of accession to the EU is the free movement of persons. With all the consequences from here: labour mobility, more opportunities, and the chance to invest in EU countries. Of course, the economic crisis has diminished these opportunities, but Romania will still gain as Romanian state cannot provide working and living conditions at the level of many EU countries.

TWR: Do you think Euro has done any better in Romania? Is it promising in terms of Romania’s economic future?

Gabriela Ionita: Romania’s accession to the Euro currency area was scheduled to 2015. Nowadays, already there is a discussion of a postponement until 2020. Eurozone has problems in itself, Greece and Cyprus being only the most visible. Presence of Euro currency in Romanian market, of course brought benefits and some drawbacks too, but the transition to the single currency is already another discussion with deeper implications. Now the question here is: Is the Romanian economy strong enough for such a change? The most likely answer is No. In fact we also have examples of countries with a strong economy which regressed after joining the Eurozone. Any automatic increase in prices would be supported by an increase in income of population, which in the current issue of the economic crisis is useless to consider.

While there is discussion going on to live without Schengen or to not to make this issue its priority, accession to Schengen zone is Romania’s right and it meets the criteria. Saying Germany’s position is rather a political one, Romanian officials have announced a change in strategy to overcome the barriers. Romania will make it necessary for Netherlands and Germany to formally explain their refusal with logic and arguments pertaining to laws and European regulation. This move would put Germany and the Netherlands in difficulty as Romania already meets all the criteria to enter the Schengen region and it has got backing of European commission.

If Romania also implements the suggestions and changes which other countries are suggesting, it will not only improve the problems in Romania, but also further pitch its candidacy for the Schengen reform. Romania’s entry into Schengen will give positive signs to the investors, the bank lending rates will decrease and the shares of domestic companies will rise, academics will be on a new high with more students exchange programs possible, and a boon to Romania’s booming IT industry, but a refusal to the entry even at the end of 2013 will be interpreted as a note of criticism to Romanian government for its incapacity to carry out vital reforms in judiciary and other areas.

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Employee Training and Development Becomes One of the Most Disruptive Megatrends That Is Shaping the Future of Work

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Employee training

There is no question about the effectiveness of employee training and development. It’s incredibly important to help your staff advance their skills and knowledge to help grow a business, but the impact of employee learning has often been understated and even neglected. However, companies are now suggesting that employee training and development is one of the biggest megatrends that have completely transformed the future of work. It has overhauled how businesses should be developing and engaging with employees, and it’s leading to an incredibly diverse and talented workforce that is capable of wonderful new things.

Part of the problem of employee training and development is that it’s difficult to measure its impact on the workplace. Employee performance often isn’t a quantitative measurement that is easy to read and link to their output. This is one of the reasons why the effectiveness of employee training and development has been questioned by management experts.

Thankfully, new strategies have been developed to help measure workplace learning and its impact on companies. Below, we’ve included a helpful infographic that covers some of the most important measurements, such as return on investment and how it is calculated in the context of employee learning and development. It should put the effectiveness of employee training into perspective and will help you better understand when training is needed and how development actually improves your business and its productivity.


Infographic by: Ezra Coaching
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Top 10 Simple Health Changes To Boost Your Well-Being

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It does not matter how old you are, where you live, or what your occupation is, your health should always be a top priority. However, most of us are a little bit guilty of letting our well-being slide from time to time. With that being said, read on to discover some of the simple ways you can give your health a boost today.

  1. Get rid of at least one item in your life that contains toxic chemicals – You may be shocked by just how many items in your life contain toxic chemicals. This includes everything from air fresheners to bed sheets. Get rid of one of these items and replace it with something natural instead. This is something you should make a habit to do every few months or so. You will be surprised by just how much of a difference this can make. 
  2. Deep breathe for at least five minutes – Throughout the day, you should make sure you take the opportunity to deep breathe for at least five minutes. Why? Well, there have been numerous studies that have shown that deep breathing can help to lower stress hormone levels. This means that you will feel better, get an improved night’s sleep, and you will have less anxiety too.
  3. Drink more water – You probably expected this to be on the list, but the importance of drinking more water should never be ignored. Your body needs water for almost every function. If you are dehydrated, this could be the cause of headaches, pains, aches, and a number of other symptoms.
  4. Have one veggie night per week – A lot of people eat far too much meat, red meat especially. So, why not have a veggie night once a week? Not only is this good for your health, but it will be good for your bank balance too. There are so many great recipes online that can give you ideas regarding tasty and creative dishes that do not incorporate any sort of meat or fish. Once you start off with one night per week, you may then decide that you want to up it to two nights, and so on. However, it always helps to start off small so that it is easier and more manageable, and you can then get used to it.
  5. Sign up for an online pharmacy – Nowadays, you can easily order your prescriptions and medications over the Internet via an online pharmacy. This can help you to boost your health because it ensures you never experience delays with your medication. If you are someone who often doesn’t take their recommended course of tablets because you cannot get to the doctors in time for a repeat prescription, then this is definitely a good suggestion for you. Your medication will be delivered to your door with a click of a button.
  6. Make a dedicated effort to lower your stress levels – There is no denying that we live in a very stress-filled world at the moment! The world we live in is one that has heaps of pressure, and it can be difficult to stay on top of everything and keep those stress levels low. However, it is vital that you find a way to do so. After all, if you don’t adrenal fatigue and health can start to take a tumble, which is the last thing you want. For those who are unaware, adrenal fatigue relates to a group of different symptoms that impact people who are under a lot of physical, emotional, or mental stress. From being a single parent to having a stressful job, there are a lot of different reasons why you may be struggling. Therefore, we recommend that you look for different ways to reduce those stress levels so that you can enjoy a more calming and peaceful life. Whether it is doing some breathing techniques or taking more regular breaks so you can have moments for yourself, there are a lot of different ways that you can make sure you are keeping your stress levels to a minimum. The importance of this should not be overlooked, as stress can impact our mental and physical health in so many different ways. 
  7. Do something nice for someone every day – You will be surprised by how good this makes you feel, and by how much this has a positive impact on your health. It’s all about mental well being. When you do something nice for another person, you are benefitting their health, as well as your own. First and foremost, there is no denying that it feels good to hear some nice words for someone or to get a helping hand when you need it. You feel recognised and appreciated, and this is something we all need. At the same time, doing something nice for someone else and seeing their reaction can make you feel amazing too. After all, doing something good for someone is a gift for yourself at the same time. You will find that the deed continues throughout the day, making you feel great and happy within yourself. 
  8. Incorporate some movement into your commute – If you do not have an active job, this is particularly important. Sitting at a computer all day can be bad for your health. One way to combat this is by incorporating some movement into your commute. If you can walk or bike to work, you should give this a go. If not, start parking your car further away from your place of work so that you have to walk there and back. You should also start using the stairs instead of the elevator whenever you can.
  9. Start meal planning – You will find it much easier to eat healthily if you plan your meals. At the start of every week, make a menu of what you are going to cook for dinner every evening, as well as what you are going to make for your lunches every day. Not only will this help you to eat better, but you will save money too. Make sure you incorporate some healthy snacks into your food prep for work. This will stop you from going to the vending machine whenever you are bored or your energy is zapped. The great thing about the times we live in at the moment is that you can easily get recipes and meal prep inspiration online. So, if you are struggling, simply do a little bit of digging online and we are sure that you will find a lot of different options when it comes to meal ideas and clever food prep suggestions for the week ahead. Not only is this going to help you to be more organized, but you will find that it actually saves you quite a bit of money in the process. After all, when we do not have a food plan for the week ahead, we tend to spend a lot of money on items we do not need. Food can end up going in the bin because we do not use it. This ends up in an awful lot of waste, and we should all be looking to reduce this, so meal prep is great in many ways.
  10. Keep a journal – Last but not least, keeping a journal is good for a person’s mental health. You should write down your thoughts. It doesn’t need to be a long entry; you can simply jot down a few bullet points every evening. This will help you to articulate your thoughts so that they do not wear you down. After all, it can be very difficult to sleep if you have lots on your mind. A lot of experts advise this approach for people who suffer from insomnia. One of the main reasons why a lot of people struggle to get the hours of sleep they need is because they cannot shut off when they go to sleep; their minds are still going at a million miles per hour. They are thinking about what they need to do the following day and any worries or concerns that they may have. Because of this, it very much makes sense to keep a journal so you can offload some of these thoughts and worries and you can have a much more restful night of sleep. Once you get into the habit of doing this, you will see that it actually does make a significant difference when it comes to drifting off and enjoying a good night of rest. 

So there you have it: some of the best ways to give your health a boost. The suggestions that have been provided are really simple and easy, so there is no excuse not to give yourself a bit of TLC. we are sure that you will start to notice a difference as time goes on. However, as is the case with anything, it requires patience and persistence. You cannot expect to turn your health around in one night.

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Why Buy A Business, Rather Than Start One

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There are good and bad sides to buying a business and starting your own business from scratch. For lots of people, the positives of buying an established business outweigh the positives of starting a business. Here are the reasons why buying an existing business could be the right choice.

Easier To Secure Finance

All businesses will need finance. Unless you can fund your business yourself, you’ll need to secure financing from investors. Most lenders will be more willing to lend money to an established business that they can already see is doing well, rather than risk an unknown factor. 

Income From Day One

One of the downsides of starting a business is that most start-ups will go through an early stage where they don’t make much, if any, money. For some entrepreneurs, this stage can last for several years. 

During this stage, you will need to pay out for things like your premises, as well as equipment, installation of equipment, stock, materials, fixtures and fittings, legal and professional fees, a license, uniforms, and more. 

If you don’t have finance in place or another form of income, this stage can be very tough for a new business owner. If you buy a business, you can start earning from day one, and avoid this tricky period where you might be out of pocket.  

Established Brand

When you buy a business that already exists, you are also buying into a brand that is already known, recognizable, and has a track record. You get the business complete with all the trademarks, copyrights, and websites associated with it, as well as the business locations

This means that your business will already have customers, lenders, suppliers, and other contacts that are confident in the business already. 

Instant Customer Access

An existing business also has customers already, which can help you succeed straight away. You can use a range of strategies and marketing to build on the existing customer base, but won’t have to struggle to build a customer base from scratch. 

Established Network Of Contacts

When you start a business from scratch, a lot of your time and energy has to be put into building up a network of contacts. 

All businesses need to have supplier and marketing contacts, so buying an existing business that already has those contacts in place allows you to hit the ground running.

Like money lenders, suppliers and marketing companies are more likely to offer you more favourable terms if your business has been around for a while and they know it.  

Focus On Growing The Business

When an entrepreneur starts a new business, they will have to put a lot of their energy into getting their business off the ground. This takes a lot of time and can be very tiring. 

On the other hand, when you take over a business that is already established, you’ll be freer to focus on the areas of the business that most need your attention, aiding the growth of the business as a whole. 

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