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Lessons World Must Learn from Iceland Tackling its Financial Crisis – The World Reporter
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Lessons World Must Learn from Iceland Tackling its Financial Crisis

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Iceland Bank Protests
Photo by Jed
People around the world are awakening, understanding their rights and realizing their powers, and so we are seeing a number of protests around the world against their government. The way people are heading to establish a more advanced level of democracy, our mainstream media still stays back, not so democratic. 
When there were protests in Middle East, all the news media were active in covering the events, but when we saw protests in Iceland, Greece and now in Turkey, the media did not show that activeness. Since it is the fight for an advance level of democracy which demands for even more rights to the citizen, other governments are scared that this could encourage their own citizen as well.

Today what Turkey is demanding is an example of advance democratic rights and participation in development. Now people are able to tell their government what they want in their city and what not. Eventually government should work for their citizen and make them happy, but in Turkey government wants to make a shopping mall at the place of the Gezi park against the will of its citizen. People who were protecting the park launched a strong protest. However, government did not understand the demands of the people and instead started using force, tear gas, and in fact they declared that  every protester will be treated by the police as a terrorist. Read More

What Iceland has done is so unorthodox for the management gurus around the world with textbook knowledge. It has gone against the belief of total capitalism, which is considered as the only successful way for an economy to burgeon by some. In 1991 when communist socialist economy fell down in Soviet Union, the capitalist world cherished. But today we are seeing that even capitalism is not the fool proof solution. Almost all the countries in Europe today are facing the similar problems: bankruptcy, austerity, etc. and the government should learn from what Iceland did.
In 2008 Iceland experienced third largest financial meltdown ever in the history. Iceland’s bank defaulted on $85billion. Icesave, an online savings bank operating in Iceland, the UK and Netherlands went bankrupt. The UK and Netherlands governments stepped in and bailed out their citizen who had their savings in the Icelandic bank. In total both the government spent nearly £3.5billion which they asked Iceland government to compensate. The ratio of debt to income surged to 240%. Soon the people in Iceland realized that the faith which they had put in their government resulted into nothing. Iceland Government came up with the plan that every citizen of Iceland will contribute to the payment of the debt to the UK and Netherlands. In a country of some 317,000 people, each person had to pay nearly 21000 euros monthly for the next fifteen years at the interest rate of 5.5%.
The people went out to the streets to protest. They dressed in orange and made a line in front of the police. Protesters made annoying sounds with kitchen utensils and stood really close to the guards protecting the parliament building and started at their eyes.
The protests resulted into the resigning of the government, bankers were jailed and banks were nationalized! Out of some 500 candidates 25 people were chosen without any political affiliation to remodel the constitution from the scratch replacing the old one which is said to be similar to the Dutch constitution. 1500 people were invited to participate in the assembly out of which 1200 were selected at random and 300 were representatives of companies, institutions etc. They belonged to all age groups from 18 to 88 spanning all six constituencies in Iceland. The new government decided that no one should stay in the parliament longer than eight years. 
Iceland’s new challenge was compensating Britain and Netherlands for the money which they had used to bail out their citizen having accounts in Icelandic bank. It followed a referendum two times in Iceland which rejected the repayment plan both the times. Dissatisfied UK and Netherlands government approached the European court suing Iceland. 
The success came to Iceland this year in January when European court cleared the Icelandic government closing the case in the favour of Iceland. The ruling halted the attempts made by the UK and Netherlands to get all their money back from Icelandic government. It was the victory for Icelandic people because they believed in any case, it was fundamentally unfair because the UK and Dutch governments had awarded compensation to their citizen far in excess of the levels required by European legislation.
As the new system in Iceland took over, the debt exceeding 110% of the home values was forgiven. The country eased the debt burden for over 25% of the population. The orthodox management experts were amused by what Iceland was doing, as it was going the unconventional way. It was actually helping its own people instead of banks like how other capitalist economies do. Critiques warned that Iceland is doing a big mistake, and their claims got solidified when in 2009 Iceland’s economy shrank by 6.7%. However as the time passed by and the government became stable, in 2010 its economy saw a rise in 2.9% and in 2011 it further experienced expansion by 2.4%.
Today Iceland is doing better than the rest of the European Union. It came out in the conclusion that helping your citizen and making them happy really works. Iceland doesn’t want to tie itself to Euro or join European Union now where governments cut to the people and give to the banks. In fact Iceland nationalized their banks. Iceland says if we were tied to Euro we would just have to succumb to the laws of Germany and France. Membership in the European Union imposes a lot of regulations, budgetary costs, and financial oversight that even the UK is considering the leaving option. 
In Summary Iceland took the following revolutionary steps
  1. Resignation of the government, imprisoning the responsible parties
  2. Nationalization of the banks.
  3. Referendum rejecting the repayment plan.
  4. Appointing common people to rewrite the constitution. 
Such a revolutionary change has changed the scenario in Iceland. The country’s economic situation was worse than Greece, but today its economy is stronger than any other European country which has seen financial crisis in the recent years. 
The country is now implementing Participatory Democracy in Reykjavik as a model city where people decide where the development funds should go. The capital city of Reykjavik has also launched a direct democracy platform, where any citizen can drop few suggestions in a community forum about the things they want to be done in the city. The city council choses top five suggestions and process them in a month before taking the next five. Iceland is considering this system to be implemented in parliament as well. 
Now the thing is what we can learn from Iceland tackling the financial bubble bursts. There is a lot to learn from Iceland for other countries in the world. Greece, which is undergoing a financial crisis and Turkey and Cyprus which are considering to join European Union must try something that should help their citizen first and then the banks or the demands of the EU. Turkish government, which is in a standstill due to #OccupyGezi protests, should understand that the people want the Gezi Park and it can’t force a museum or a shopping mall against the will of their own citizen. Instead of listening to the people the government is using tear gas against their own people which is banned in conventional warfare.
Similarly India, which is known for upholding human rights in the world the government treated the protesters who were doing yoga by caning and making them run away. Several massive protests in India against corruption and for bringing back the black money stashed in foreign countries failed and the government which now is facing multiple corruption charges is still enjoying its power as no one can shake their position even an inch. People must rise and governments must take lessons.

During all these events which happened in Iceland, international media’s role was negligible. Media should be more democratic, open and uncontrolled. Paid media showed us everything from Libya, but nothing from Iceland. Since what people did in Iceland can shake many corrupt governments around the world.

Control Your Money or Your Money Will Control You Change your attitude toward debt. Every time you use credit for a purchase think,”Debt is slavery; I am making myself a slave.– unknown

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Employee Training and Development Becomes One of the Most Disruptive Megatrends That Is Shaping the Future of Work

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Employee training

There is no question about the effectiveness of employee training and development. It’s incredibly important to help your staff advance their skills and knowledge to help grow a business, but the impact of employee learning has often been understated and even neglected. However, companies are now suggesting that employee training and development is one of the biggest megatrends that have completely transformed the future of work. It has overhauled how businesses should be developing and engaging with employees, and it’s leading to an incredibly diverse and talented workforce that is capable of wonderful new things.

Part of the problem of employee training and development is that it’s difficult to measure its impact on the workplace. Employee performance often isn’t a quantitative measurement that is easy to read and link to their output. This is one of the reasons why the effectiveness of employee training and development has been questioned by management experts.

Thankfully, new strategies have been developed to help measure workplace learning and its impact on companies. Below, we’ve included a helpful infographic that covers some of the most important measurements, such as return on investment and how it is calculated in the context of employee learning and development. It should put the effectiveness of employee training into perspective and will help you better understand when training is needed and how development actually improves your business and its productivity.


Infographic by: Ezra Coaching
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Top 10 Simple Health Changes To Boost Your Well-Being

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It does not matter how old you are, where you live, or what your occupation is, your health should always be a top priority. However, most of us are a little bit guilty of letting our well-being slide from time to time. With that being said, read on to discover some of the simple ways you can give your health a boost today.

  1. Get rid of at least one item in your life that contains toxic chemicals – You may be shocked by just how many items in your life contain toxic chemicals. This includes everything from air fresheners to bed sheets. Get rid of one of these items and replace it with something natural instead. This is something you should make a habit to do every few months or so. You will be surprised by just how much of a difference this can make. 
  2. Deep breathe for at least five minutes – Throughout the day, you should make sure you take the opportunity to deep breathe for at least five minutes. Why? Well, there have been numerous studies that have shown that deep breathing can help to lower stress hormone levels. This means that you will feel better, get an improved night’s sleep, and you will have less anxiety too.
  3. Drink more water – You probably expected this to be on the list, but the importance of drinking more water should never be ignored. Your body needs water for almost every function. If you are dehydrated, this could be the cause of headaches, pains, aches, and a number of other symptoms.
  4. Have one veggie night per week – A lot of people eat far too much meat, red meat especially. So, why not have a veggie night once a week? Not only is this good for your health, but it will be good for your bank balance too. There are so many great recipes online that can give you ideas regarding tasty and creative dishes that do not incorporate any sort of meat or fish. Once you start off with one night per week, you may then decide that you want to up it to two nights, and so on. However, it always helps to start off small so that it is easier and more manageable, and you can then get used to it.
  5. Sign up for an online pharmacy – Nowadays, you can easily order your prescriptions and medications over the Internet via an online pharmacy. This can help you to boost your health because it ensures you never experience delays with your medication. If you are someone who often doesn’t take their recommended course of tablets because you cannot get to the doctors in time for a repeat prescription, then this is definitely a good suggestion for you. Your medication will be delivered to your door with a click of a button.
  6. Make a dedicated effort to lower your stress levels – There is no denying that we live in a very stress-filled world at the moment! The world we live in is one that has heaps of pressure, and it can be difficult to stay on top of everything and keep those stress levels low. However, it is vital that you find a way to do so. After all, if you don’t adrenal fatigue and health can start to take a tumble, which is the last thing you want. For those who are unaware, adrenal fatigue relates to a group of different symptoms that impact people who are under a lot of physical, emotional, or mental stress. From being a single parent to having a stressful job, there are a lot of different reasons why you may be struggling. Therefore, we recommend that you look for different ways to reduce those stress levels so that you can enjoy a more calming and peaceful life. Whether it is doing some breathing techniques or taking more regular breaks so you can have moments for yourself, there are a lot of different ways that you can make sure you are keeping your stress levels to a minimum. The importance of this should not be overlooked, as stress can impact our mental and physical health in so many different ways. 
  7. Do something nice for someone every day – You will be surprised by how good this makes you feel, and by how much this has a positive impact on your health. It’s all about mental well being. When you do something nice for another person, you are benefitting their health, as well as your own. First and foremost, there is no denying that it feels good to hear some nice words for someone or to get a helping hand when you need it. You feel recognised and appreciated, and this is something we all need. At the same time, doing something nice for someone else and seeing their reaction can make you feel amazing too. After all, doing something good for someone is a gift for yourself at the same time. You will find that the deed continues throughout the day, making you feel great and happy within yourself. 
  8. Incorporate some movement into your commute – If you do not have an active job, this is particularly important. Sitting at a computer all day can be bad for your health. One way to combat this is by incorporating some movement into your commute. If you can walk or bike to work, you should give this a go. If not, start parking your car further away from your place of work so that you have to walk there and back. You should also start using the stairs instead of the elevator whenever you can.
  9. Start meal planning – You will find it much easier to eat healthily if you plan your meals. At the start of every week, make a menu of what you are going to cook for dinner every evening, as well as what you are going to make for your lunches every day. Not only will this help you to eat better, but you will save money too. Make sure you incorporate some healthy snacks into your food prep for work. This will stop you from going to the vending machine whenever you are bored or your energy is zapped. The great thing about the times we live in at the moment is that you can easily get recipes and meal prep inspiration online. So, if you are struggling, simply do a little bit of digging online and we are sure that you will find a lot of different options when it comes to meal ideas and clever food prep suggestions for the week ahead. Not only is this going to help you to be more organized, but you will find that it actually saves you quite a bit of money in the process. After all, when we do not have a food plan for the week ahead, we tend to spend a lot of money on items we do not need. Food can end up going in the bin because we do not use it. This ends up in an awful lot of waste, and we should all be looking to reduce this, so meal prep is great in many ways.
  10. Keep a journal – Last but not least, keeping a journal is good for a person’s mental health. You should write down your thoughts. It doesn’t need to be a long entry; you can simply jot down a few bullet points every evening. This will help you to articulate your thoughts so that they do not wear you down. After all, it can be very difficult to sleep if you have lots on your mind. A lot of experts advise this approach for people who suffer from insomnia. One of the main reasons why a lot of people struggle to get the hours of sleep they need is because they cannot shut off when they go to sleep; their minds are still going at a million miles per hour. They are thinking about what they need to do the following day and any worries or concerns that they may have. Because of this, it very much makes sense to keep a journal so you can offload some of these thoughts and worries and you can have a much more restful night of sleep. Once you get into the habit of doing this, you will see that it actually does make a significant difference when it comes to drifting off and enjoying a good night of rest. 

So there you have it: some of the best ways to give your health a boost. The suggestions that have been provided are really simple and easy, so there is no excuse not to give yourself a bit of TLC. we are sure that you will start to notice a difference as time goes on. However, as is the case with anything, it requires patience and persistence. You cannot expect to turn your health around in one night.

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Why Buy A Business, Rather Than Start One

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There are good and bad sides to buying a business and starting your own business from scratch. For lots of people, the positives of buying an established business outweigh the positives of starting a business. Here are the reasons why buying an existing business could be the right choice.

Easier To Secure Finance

All businesses will need finance. Unless you can fund your business yourself, you’ll need to secure financing from investors. Most lenders will be more willing to lend money to an established business that they can already see is doing well, rather than risk an unknown factor. 

Income From Day One

One of the downsides of starting a business is that most start-ups will go through an early stage where they don’t make much, if any, money. For some entrepreneurs, this stage can last for several years. 

During this stage, you will need to pay out for things like your premises, as well as equipment, installation of equipment, stock, materials, fixtures and fittings, legal and professional fees, a license, uniforms, and more. 

If you don’t have finance in place or another form of income, this stage can be very tough for a new business owner. If you buy a business, you can start earning from day one, and avoid this tricky period where you might be out of pocket.  

Established Brand

When you buy a business that already exists, you are also buying into a brand that is already known, recognizable, and has a track record. You get the business complete with all the trademarks, copyrights, and websites associated with it, as well as the business locations

This means that your business will already have customers, lenders, suppliers, and other contacts that are confident in the business already. 

Instant Customer Access

An existing business also has customers already, which can help you succeed straight away. You can use a range of strategies and marketing to build on the existing customer base, but won’t have to struggle to build a customer base from scratch. 

Established Network Of Contacts

When you start a business from scratch, a lot of your time and energy has to be put into building up a network of contacts. 

All businesses need to have supplier and marketing contacts, so buying an existing business that already has those contacts in place allows you to hit the ground running.

Like money lenders, suppliers and marketing companies are more likely to offer you more favourable terms if your business has been around for a while and they know it.  

Focus On Growing The Business

When an entrepreneur starts a new business, they will have to put a lot of their energy into getting their business off the ground. This takes a lot of time and can be very tiring. 

On the other hand, when you take over a business that is already established, you’ll be freer to focus on the areas of the business that most need your attention, aiding the growth of the business as a whole. 

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