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Protest in Syria; International Response; Support and Hostility – The World Reporter
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Protest in Syria; International Response; Support and Hostility

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While Egypt and Tunisian protest is almost over, and Libya is being bombed, another protest in Syria is going on, people are asking for reforms.

One of the major reason of the protest is that the country is under the state of emergency continuously since 1962 suspending most of the constitutional protection for the citizen saying that it is in the state of war with Israel. Absence of effective constitution, corrupt government, unemployment and inflation were the other reasons.

The country went through major political changes during 1966 coup and 1970 Syrian Corrective Revolution, but Ba’ath party remained the sole authority governing in Syria banning all other parties from contesting in elections.

The phrase “Down with Bashar”,
during the Syrian Uprising 2011.
Photo taken by jan Sefti

While in Libya, Gaddafi is hardly getting any appreciable amount of public support; Bashar al-Assad has good number of supporters. The leader was aware of the uprising happening in other Muslim countries in Africa and Middle East and was ready to bring reforms in his country to avoid any such incidents taking place in Syria

In an interview published 31 January 2011, al-Assad declared it was time to reform, that the protests in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen indicated a “new era” was coming to the Middle East, and that Arab rulers needed to do more to accommodate their peoples’ rising political and economic aspirations.

He permitted playing of Western Pop Music on air on radio stations, Ban on websites such as Wikipedia, Youtube, Facebook and Amazon was lifted up in the beginning of the year 2011 and permitted the citizens to sign up for high speed internet.
The protest began with slow pace but later gained momentum and excalation with the involvement of clashes between the security forces. Israel earlier had raised concerns that Iran and Hezbollah militants are interfering in the political condition of Syria and are supporting the Syrian leader to suppress the public anger demonstration, reported Army Radio on Sunday. Local protesters claimed that they heard security forces talking in Persian/farsi.

“Syria is an Iranian acquisition, and it is clear that Iran is afraid that its investments will go down the drain. So it has allowed for greater involvement than in other Arab countries,” Army Radio reported Foreign Ministry officials as saying as quoted by The Jerusalem Post.

The demands of the protester is resignation of the leader Bashar al-Assad, ending the state of emergency, change in regime and lifting bans on election, freedom and recognition of the kurds. So far the leader has acted on abolition of the Supreme State Security Court and lifting of the emergency law.

Countries Supporting Syrian Government:

Syria: Supporters and Condemners
Click to enlarge.
Image by The World Reporter,
Free to Reuse with must
attribution as a link to this website.

Iraq, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Turkey, UAE, Venezuela

Countries with hostile attitude towards Syria:

Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Mexico, Norway

International Response:

Unions

1. European Union: On 22 March, Catherine Ashton, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, issued a statement which said that the European Union “strongly condemns the violent repression, including through the use of live ammunition, of peaceful protests in various locations across Syria”
2. United Nations: On 18 March, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon described the use of deadly force against protesters by the Syrian authorities as “unacceptable”.

Asian Nations

1. Iraq: On 3 April, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki called Syria’s President and voiced Iraq’s support of Syria “in the face of conspiracies targeting Syria’s stability”.

2. Israel: On 24 March, Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs Avigdor Lieberman said: “the same principles, activities the Western world [has taken] in Libya. I hope to see those regarding the Iranian regime and the Syrian regime.”

3. Lebanon: On 31 March, Prime Minister-designate Najib Mikati commended the “ending of the chance to cause strife in Syria” as well as the Syrian people’s support for their president. Also, President Michel Suleiman highlighted the importance of stability in Syria, and its positive impact on the security of and economic situation in Lebanon and Syria.

4. Qatar: On 3 April, Qatari Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani sent a letter to Syrian President al-Assad voicing Qatar’s support for Syria amid attempts at destabilization.

5. Saudi Arabia: On 28 March, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia expressed his support to the Syrian leadership in a telephone conversation with President al-Assad, claiming that the uprising is in fact a conspiracy targeting the legitimate government.

6. Turkey: On 21 March, Turkish foreign minister Ahmet Davutoğlu said: “Syria is on an important threshold. We hope problems between the people and the administration [in Syria] can be handled without trouble.

7. UAE: On 29 March, United Arab Emirates President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan called Syrian President al-Assad, and reaffirmed that the UAE stands by Damascus.

European Nations

1. France: The Foreign Ministry condemned the violence carried out against demonstrators, and called for political prisoners to be freed. On 23 March, French foreign ministry spokesman Bernard Valero called on Syria to carry out immediate political reforms.

2. Greece: On 24 March, Greek Foreign Minister Dimitrios Droutsas said: “The use of violence to repress protests that has led to the murder of citizens is absolutely condemned. We call on the government of Syria to guarantee the fundamental rights of its citizens.”

3. Norway: On 24 March, Norwegian minister of foreign affairs Jonas Gahr Støre condemned the violence, saying: “Norway urges the authorities of Syria not to use violence against peaceful protesters, to respect the freedom of speech and assembly, and to enter into a dialogue with the people about their legitimate demands.”

4. Russia: On 6 April, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev called al-Assad to voice support for the latter’s decision to make reforms in his country.

5. United Kingdom: On 24 March, British Foreign Secretary William Hague said: “We call on the government of Syria to respect their people’s right to peaceful protest, and to take action about their legitimate grievances,”

Americas

1. Canada: On 21 March, Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Lawrence Cannon stated: “Canada deplores the multiple deaths and injuries following protests in several Syrian cities over the weekend.” On 24 April, Foreign Affairs advised Canadians not to travel to Syria, and for those in Syria to consider leaving by commercial means while these were still available.

2. United States: President Barack Obama’s administration condemned the use of violence, stating: “The United States stands for a set of universal rights, including the freedom of expression and assembly, and believes that governments, including the Syrian government, must address the legitimate aspirations of their people.” Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated that it was unlikely the US would intervene in Syria, since the US Congress views al-Assad as “a reformer”.

On 9 April, it was reported that Obama had said, “I strongly condemn the abhorrent violence committed against peaceful protesters by the Syrian government today and over the past few weeks. I also condemn any use of violence by protesters … I call upon the Syrian authorities to refrain from any further violence against peaceful protesters … Furthermore, the arbitrary arrests, detention, and torture of prisoners that has been reported must end now, and the free flow of information must be permitted so that there can be independent verification of events on the ground … Violence and detention are not the answer to the grievances of the Syrian people. It is time for the Syrian government to stop repressing its citizens, and to listen to the voices of the Syrian people calling for meaningful political and economic reforms.”

3. Venezuela: On 26 March, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said: “Now some supposed political protest movements have begun [in Syria], a few deaths … and now they are accusing the president of killing his people and later the Yankees will come to bomb the people to save them … How cynical is the new format the empire has invented, to generate violent conflict, generate blood in a country, to later bombard it, intervene and take over its natural resources and convert it into a colony.”

Others

1. Australia: On 25 March, Australian foreign minister Kevin Rudd said: “we are deeply sceptical about the official explanations as to what has happened with the various killings which have occurred in Daraa. And we call directly on the Syrian Government to exercise restraint in their response to peaceful protest seeking democratic change.”

2. Sudan: On 6 April, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir called al-Assad to voice his support for Syria against “the attempts aimed at destabilizing it.”

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Employee Training and Development Becomes One of the Most Disruptive Megatrends That Is Shaping the Future of Work

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Employee training

There is no question about the effectiveness of employee training and development. It’s incredibly important to help your staff advance their skills and knowledge to help grow a business, but the impact of employee learning has often been understated and even neglected. However, companies are now suggesting that employee training and development is one of the biggest megatrends that have completely transformed the future of work. It has overhauled how businesses should be developing and engaging with employees, and it’s leading to an incredibly diverse and talented workforce that is capable of wonderful new things.

Part of the problem of employee training and development is that it’s difficult to measure its impact on the workplace. Employee performance often isn’t a quantitative measurement that is easy to read and link to their output. This is one of the reasons why the effectiveness of employee training and development has been questioned by management experts.

Thankfully, new strategies have been developed to help measure workplace learning and its impact on companies. Below, we’ve included a helpful infographic that covers some of the most important measurements, such as return on investment and how it is calculated in the context of employee learning and development. It should put the effectiveness of employee training into perspective and will help you better understand when training is needed and how development actually improves your business and its productivity.


Infographic by: Ezra Coaching
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Top 10 Simple Health Changes To Boost Your Well-Being

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It does not matter how old you are, where you live, or what your occupation is, your health should always be a top priority. However, most of us are a little bit guilty of letting our well-being slide from time to time. With that being said, read on to discover some of the simple ways you can give your health a boost today.

  1. Get rid of at least one item in your life that contains toxic chemicals – You may be shocked by just how many items in your life contain toxic chemicals. This includes everything from air fresheners to bed sheets. Get rid of one of these items and replace it with something natural instead. This is something you should make a habit to do every few months or so. You will be surprised by just how much of a difference this can make. 
  2. Deep breathe for at least five minutes – Throughout the day, you should make sure you take the opportunity to deep breathe for at least five minutes. Why? Well, there have been numerous studies that have shown that deep breathing can help to lower stress hormone levels. This means that you will feel better, get an improved night’s sleep, and you will have less anxiety too.
  3. Drink more water – You probably expected this to be on the list, but the importance of drinking more water should never be ignored. Your body needs water for almost every function. If you are dehydrated, this could be the cause of headaches, pains, aches, and a number of other symptoms.
  4. Have one veggie night per week – A lot of people eat far too much meat, red meat especially. So, why not have a veggie night once a week? Not only is this good for your health, but it will be good for your bank balance too. There are so many great recipes online that can give you ideas regarding tasty and creative dishes that do not incorporate any sort of meat or fish. Once you start off with one night per week, you may then decide that you want to up it to two nights, and so on. However, it always helps to start off small so that it is easier and more manageable, and you can then get used to it.
  5. Sign up for an online pharmacy – Nowadays, you can easily order your prescriptions and medications over the Internet via an online pharmacy. This can help you to boost your health because it ensures you never experience delays with your medication. If you are someone who often doesn’t take their recommended course of tablets because you cannot get to the doctors in time for a repeat prescription, then this is definitely a good suggestion for you. Your medication will be delivered to your door with a click of a button.
  6. Make a dedicated effort to lower your stress levels – There is no denying that we live in a very stress-filled world at the moment! The world we live in is one that has heaps of pressure, and it can be difficult to stay on top of everything and keep those stress levels low. However, it is vital that you find a way to do so. After all, if you don’t adrenal fatigue and health can start to take a tumble, which is the last thing you want. For those who are unaware, adrenal fatigue relates to a group of different symptoms that impact people who are under a lot of physical, emotional, or mental stress. From being a single parent to having a stressful job, there are a lot of different reasons why you may be struggling. Therefore, we recommend that you look for different ways to reduce those stress levels so that you can enjoy a more calming and peaceful life. Whether it is doing some breathing techniques or taking more regular breaks so you can have moments for yourself, there are a lot of different ways that you can make sure you are keeping your stress levels to a minimum. The importance of this should not be overlooked, as stress can impact our mental and physical health in so many different ways. 
  7. Do something nice for someone every day – You will be surprised by how good this makes you feel, and by how much this has a positive impact on your health. It’s all about mental well being. When you do something nice for another person, you are benefitting their health, as well as your own. First and foremost, there is no denying that it feels good to hear some nice words for someone or to get a helping hand when you need it. You feel recognised and appreciated, and this is something we all need. At the same time, doing something nice for someone else and seeing their reaction can make you feel amazing too. After all, doing something good for someone is a gift for yourself at the same time. You will find that the deed continues throughout the day, making you feel great and happy within yourself. 
  8. Incorporate some movement into your commute – If you do not have an active job, this is particularly important. Sitting at a computer all day can be bad for your health. One way to combat this is by incorporating some movement into your commute. If you can walk or bike to work, you should give this a go. If not, start parking your car further away from your place of work so that you have to walk there and back. You should also start using the stairs instead of the elevator whenever you can.
  9. Start meal planning – You will find it much easier to eat healthily if you plan your meals. At the start of every week, make a menu of what you are going to cook for dinner every evening, as well as what you are going to make for your lunches every day. Not only will this help you to eat better, but you will save money too. Make sure you incorporate some healthy snacks into your food prep for work. This will stop you from going to the vending machine whenever you are bored or your energy is zapped. The great thing about the times we live in at the moment is that you can easily get recipes and meal prep inspiration online. So, if you are struggling, simply do a little bit of digging online and we are sure that you will find a lot of different options when it comes to meal ideas and clever food prep suggestions for the week ahead. Not only is this going to help you to be more organized, but you will find that it actually saves you quite a bit of money in the process. After all, when we do not have a food plan for the week ahead, we tend to spend a lot of money on items we do not need. Food can end up going in the bin because we do not use it. This ends up in an awful lot of waste, and we should all be looking to reduce this, so meal prep is great in many ways.
  10. Keep a journal – Last but not least, keeping a journal is good for a person’s mental health. You should write down your thoughts. It doesn’t need to be a long entry; you can simply jot down a few bullet points every evening. This will help you to articulate your thoughts so that they do not wear you down. After all, it can be very difficult to sleep if you have lots on your mind. A lot of experts advise this approach for people who suffer from insomnia. One of the main reasons why a lot of people struggle to get the hours of sleep they need is because they cannot shut off when they go to sleep; their minds are still going at a million miles per hour. They are thinking about what they need to do the following day and any worries or concerns that they may have. Because of this, it very much makes sense to keep a journal so you can offload some of these thoughts and worries and you can have a much more restful night of sleep. Once you get into the habit of doing this, you will see that it actually does make a significant difference when it comes to drifting off and enjoying a good night of rest. 

So there you have it: some of the best ways to give your health a boost. The suggestions that have been provided are really simple and easy, so there is no excuse not to give yourself a bit of TLC. we are sure that you will start to notice a difference as time goes on. However, as is the case with anything, it requires patience and persistence. You cannot expect to turn your health around in one night.

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Why Buy A Business, Rather Than Start One

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There are good and bad sides to buying a business and starting your own business from scratch. For lots of people, the positives of buying an established business outweigh the positives of starting a business. Here are the reasons why buying an existing business could be the right choice.

Easier To Secure Finance

All businesses will need finance. Unless you can fund your business yourself, you’ll need to secure financing from investors. Most lenders will be more willing to lend money to an established business that they can already see is doing well, rather than risk an unknown factor. 

Income From Day One

One of the downsides of starting a business is that most start-ups will go through an early stage where they don’t make much, if any, money. For some entrepreneurs, this stage can last for several years. 

During this stage, you will need to pay out for things like your premises, as well as equipment, installation of equipment, stock, materials, fixtures and fittings, legal and professional fees, a license, uniforms, and more. 

If you don’t have finance in place or another form of income, this stage can be very tough for a new business owner. If you buy a business, you can start earning from day one, and avoid this tricky period where you might be out of pocket.  

Established Brand

When you buy a business that already exists, you are also buying into a brand that is already known, recognizable, and has a track record. You get the business complete with all the trademarks, copyrights, and websites associated with it, as well as the business locations

This means that your business will already have customers, lenders, suppliers, and other contacts that are confident in the business already. 

Instant Customer Access

An existing business also has customers already, which can help you succeed straight away. You can use a range of strategies and marketing to build on the existing customer base, but won’t have to struggle to build a customer base from scratch. 

Established Network Of Contacts

When you start a business from scratch, a lot of your time and energy has to be put into building up a network of contacts. 

All businesses need to have supplier and marketing contacts, so buying an existing business that already has those contacts in place allows you to hit the ground running.

Like money lenders, suppliers and marketing companies are more likely to offer you more favourable terms if your business has been around for a while and they know it.  

Focus On Growing The Business

When an entrepreneur starts a new business, they will have to put a lot of their energy into getting their business off the ground. This takes a lot of time and can be very tiring. 

On the other hand, when you take over a business that is already established, you’ll be freer to focus on the areas of the business that most need your attention, aiding the growth of the business as a whole. 

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