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Golden Jubilee of World’s First Human Flight to Space; Space Race and Russian Technology

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Yuri Gagarin in Sweden

50 years ago, on a sunny morning Soviet Union did what no other nation had done before. Yuri Gagarin, a 27 year old Soviet pilot and cosmonaut became the first man who, against the gravity pull of earth, went to the space. Blasting off from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the name of the place has been registered forever in the historical records.

vostok logo
Vostok Mission’s
Insignia

We are now marking the 50th anniversary or Golden Jubilee of this historical event in the history of space exploration. It is the victory of humans. It is a pure example of how far a man can go to learn new things. A general curiosity in human beings of how earth looks from space and how the universe is comparable to earth being finally uncovered. One of the greatest achievement in 20th century, this event marked the victory of Soviet Union over other rival nations in space race. This has surely made Yuri Gagarin as the role model for many youths in the world.

Western nations, specially US got a big shock because they used to consider this communist nation poor, hollow and technically weak. The successful Soviet mission to the space led by Yuri Gagarin was the wake up call for US politicians and scientists.

john F Kennedy moon mission speech
May 25, 1961: President John Kennedy addresses 
Congress on his plan to put a man 
on the Moon within nine years.

At 01:30 AM a call ranged into Jerome Weisner’s residence that woke up John F. Kennedy’s scientific advisor. The call from the Pentagon told him that Soviet’s have won the race to the space at the peak of the cold war.

Just a month after the Soviet flight, President John F. Kennedy declared that he would put a man on the moon at the end of the decade.

While US scientists were working on something big, just after four months, Soviet Union again broke the silence and launched another space mission, Gherman Titov, a Soviet cosmonaut spent 25 hours in the space and completed 17 orbits of the earth.

Buzz Aldrin during Apollo 11’s
first Moon landing mission in 1969

Finally US came up with the response: Alan Shephard became the first astronaut from the western world to travel to space in May 1961, but that was just a sub-orbital flight which lasted only 15 minutes. US could achieve something good only in February 1962,  when another astronaut John Glenn completed three orbits of the earth, but that was also far lesser than Soviet’s achievement.

While Soviet Union started and won the space race, it was US who became the first one to land a man on the moon in July 1969 with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin becoming setting the historical record of leaving human footprints on the surface of the moon.



Why Soviet Union lost the race to the moon?

When the Soviet Union is celebrating Golden Jubilee of first human space flight ever in the world, many questions are being raised that when Russians did a great start, then why did they lag behind in the space race?

While Soviet Union became the first one to launch an artificial satellite, to send a first life form in the space, to send a first man in the space, to send a first woman in the space and to send a first probe to the moon, it certainly lost to US to send a first man on the moon. And since then USSR could never bounce back to challenge US.

Insufficient funding, internal turmoil, maintaining a huge area of land, checking western influence in its region, countering intelligence, maintaining loosing friends, became Soviet Union’s first priority.

The main designer of Soviet spacecrafts and propulsion systems, Koroljev, died.

Brahmos on Sukhoi
Brahmos, world’s first
and only supersonic
cruise missile
under the legend
 Sukhoi 30 MKI

The N1 rocket was enormously tall and heavy moonrocket (even heavier and longer then Saturn V), didn’t use the most advanced rocket propulsion system.


At that time only a true socialist organization could bring out the difference and compared to Soviet Union which was a socialist country. NASA was more socialist as it was totally under government compared to Soviet space organization which relied on different companies and design bureaus.
Even though Soviet Union lost the race to the moon and then the space race, still Russian technology, specially in aerospace, is considered far more superior. That’s the reason why Russians aircrafts and fighters are loved so much by the other air forces. They are not just cheaper, more sophisticated, but also have a good looking design. The only reason why few countries purchase American weapons is because they provide better servicing and spare parts when required.
 

Honours

yuri gagarin postcard stamp
A postcard with an
image of Yuri Gagarin

The Russian President Dmitri Medvedev has ordered a 50 gun salute to mark 50th anniversary or Golden Jubilee of this historical event.
The UN general assembly has also adopted making 12th April an “International Day of Human Space Flight”

Its a great honour for the Russians. There are people who are in full mood to claim this flight as fake, and there are people who are dedicated in proving American Apollo moon mission as fake. As a public notice or as a worldwide accepted proof or evidence, nothing has come out. So let us not get into the politics and let us celebrate the 50th anniversary, Golden Jubilee of the first human space flight, whether you are Russians or not, because it is the victory of human, and a master piece of advance human brains.

Life of Yuri Gagarin After the Mission

yuri gagarin monument
Monument of Yuri Gagarin on
Cosmonauts Alley in Moscow

A Soviet Air force Pilot, born to the farmer parents and worked as a carpenter before joining Soviet Air Force. He began serving as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. He later returned to Star City, the cosmonaut facility. Later Soviet Officials avoided Yuri Gagarin in any missions in fear of loosing a hero in accidents.

But this couldn’t prevent this smart man, Yuri Gagarin, from going to the final destination. On 27 March 1968, on a routine training flight in a MiG-15UTI he died with this flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin. The MiG tool off from the Chkalovsky Air Base, the crash happened near the town of Kirzhach. The bodies of Yuri Gagarin and the flight instructor Seryogin were cremated and the ashes were buried in the walls of the Kremlin on Red Square in honour.

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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The Best Handmade Souvenirs from Spain are Just a Click Away

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Artisan decorative figurines are one of the most common purchases among the tourists who visit Spain and want to get something special as a souvenir to remember their stay. Spain’s craftsmanship is known throughout the world for the enormous talent behind it, and for years it has prompted tourists to visit the country and purchase ceramic figurines as souvenirs or to complete a previous larger collection of antiques.

But the people fond of arts and decoration who want to get pieces for their collections can’t always come to Spain to buy them. Indeed, lot of tourist can’t bring craft souvenirs back home because they do not have enough room in their suitcases, or because they want to keep traveling before returning to their countries and they can’t carry them around safely. Luckily, shopping is easier now thanks to the Internet, and customers can get products made in other countries from anywhere in the world. What used to require to go to a specific place, look around and ask for prices, and then proceed with the purchase, now is as simple and convenient as entering a website, click here and there and waiting at home for the product to arrive.

The craftmanship field is not foreign to this new concept of shopping. Some companies, especially in the souvenirs’ field, have noticed the needs of the modern public and have wisely approached a niche as specific as this one. For  this reason, there are online companies such as Toledogifts which are dedicated to the sale and distribution of these decorative figurines through the Internet. The e-commerce technology offers numerous facilities for the sale and distribution of handcrafts online, which makes posible several websites such may offer plenty of options and fair prices.

Toledogifts has brought internet solutions to a sector as traditional as ceramic and porcelain figures, craftsmanship in general. It is no longer necessary to travel to buy collectibles or anything like that, now all you have to do is go to their website and proceed through the catalog to choose what you like. Their online store stands out for its variety and professionalism. They sell high quality handmade products crafted by Spanish manufacturers, and they ship to any part of the world, allowing the customer to confortably receive the products at home, forgeting plane incoveniences.

The first thing that stands out in this company is its catalogue. Scrolling down the webpage, the user can find a wide range of the most popular craft products from every Spanish region. Thanks to the number of filters and options available -essential tools to speed up the search and, of course, the purchase-, you can easily find what you are looking for.

Toledogifts complies with the standards of online stores to ensure consumer satisfaction. Besides high quality products, they also offer the best delivery service. They take care of shipping in the shortest possible time and ensuring, above all, the proper protection of the pieces so that they are not damage during in the journey. Also, they always guarantee that the price is as close as possible to their real value.

Amog the different great products that can be found on this website, the unique damascenes from Toledo stand out. Damascene is defined as the art of inlaying gold on a soft iron base. Damascenes take their name from the city of Damascus, because it is craft technique which originated in the Syrian capital. Their origins are remote -there are vestiges of more than 1500 years old, and pieces have been found in different civilization, but the Imperial City of Toledo became the world’s largest producer of damascenes.

There are three different styles of damascenes: the traditional and genuine Arabic modeling, where the gold or silver thread is highlighted with chisels; the Renaissance style introduced in the 16th century and which represents floral, animal or landscape motifs; and also the new model called “vistas”, in which the city of Toledo is represented often centred on motifs of Don Quixote, so logically rooted in these Castilian-La Mancha lands. The pieces are beautiful and not so easy to find outside Spain, which makes them perfect for picky art collectors.

Other best-sellers of the webpage are artisan ceramic plates and porcelaine figures. Porcelain is considered a luxury material and is widely worked by artisans in Spain given its moldability property. Porcelain’s composition is kaolin, which provides the distinctive with pigmentation after it’s baked, feldspar and quartz. An artisan creates a clay figures inspired in the given design, providing it with the details that will be seen in the final figure. Afterwards, the artisan takes molds of and pours liquid porcelain in them. When the consistency is adecuate, molds are retired and the artisan will paste, polish, sculpt and bake the final figure.


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Top 10 reasons to visit Iceland by car

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Iceland car travel

For a long time Iceland was a well kept travellers secret. It was not the typical choice of holiday, but now this wonderful country is becoming more and more well known for that holiday of a lifetime and a chance to see and do things that you can’t do anywhere else in the world.

And there really is only one way to really experience this wild country properly and that is using car rental in Iceland to explore it for yourself. It is far better, and far cheaper, than trying to take day excursions with the other tourists and so many great adventures can be had this way. Here are the top reasons why touring Iceland’s roads absolutely should be your next holiday without delay.

1.The people are really, really nice

This is absolutely true. Icelandic people are very proud of their beautiful country and very keen to show it at its best to visitors. Other places in the world are known for quite a surly reception, but this is absolutely not the case here. You’ll notice it the second you head of to the car rental in Keflavik Airport. The conversation is easy, and english quite widely spoken which can make travel easier. Of course once you are out on the road exploring for yourself you should absolutely get chatting to the locals as you explore, they often know the best places to visit or eat that simply aren’t available on google or tripadvisor. Local knowledge is key for getting off the beaten track.

2.Iceland is really easy to navigate by road

Iceland is not a huge country, and there is one huge road that traverses most of it for about 190 miles. It is known as the Golden Circle. So this means that you have a great point of reference for when you are exploring. You can easily slip away from the main road to explore into the countryside, and then hop back on the Golden Circle to get to your next location. The roads are pretty well kept here – even the gravel ones, so you don’t need to worry too much about the terrain when choosing a hire car. Unless you are planning to get really off road that is.

3. The night sky is a thing of beauty

The night time is truly beautiful, especially in winter when the nights are much longer. With so little light pollution and the chance to see the aurora borealis this is a sight few people actually get to experience for themselves. Of course to really get the best of this opportunity there is really only one way to do it, instead of a car look at camper rental in Iceland instead and stay out all night. This is especially useful in the summer when the nights are very very short. This way you have all night to enjoy it while snuggled up warm in your sleeping bag.

4. The unspoiled beauty of Iceland

Of course the other great thing about Iceland camper rental is that by getting out of the towns and into the beautiful countryside you can see Iceland how it should be seen as a beautiful, scenic natural landscape. Imagine being able to camp somewhere so inspiring and free from the intervention of man and waking up to the freshest air and sounds of nature.

5. Visiting the villages gives you a real taste of Icelandic life

Most of the population don’t live in the major cities of Reykjavik, Isafjordur and Akureyri. Most life in smaller communities dotted around the country, and bearing in mind how friendly the people are, it is a chance to really embrace a different culture and take part.

6. Get out there and try the amazing fresh food

The great thing about hopping from village to village on your tour is the chance to try real local food. It is not too dissimilar to Scandinavian food, and there is of course plenty of fresh fish available, as well as lamb. You have probably heard of Skyr, the Icelandic cheese a little like yoghurt. Well here it is made into all types of delicious dishes you absolutely have to try.

7. Iceland has so many different landscapes

It is almost magical the different landscapes you can see. From grassy fields with Icelandic horses, to snow covered tundra, from magnificent coastlines to moonscapes and lava fields it is really something quite special and like nowhere else on earth. With your car you can experience all this, jumping out to hike on foot and get close to nature, before driving to what might seem like a completely different world at your next location.

8. You can watch the landscape change before your very eyes

There are volcanoes in Iceland, and the geology is formed on an every moving tectonic plate that is actually causing the country to grow in size by 2 cm every year. Its impressive and by driving up to the Lake Myvatn area you can see where steam is being vented from the heat under the earth’s crust. The volcano fields are also very beautiful, and give a strange quality to the landscape, almost like you have landed on the moon.

9. Take your binoculars with you, the bird watching is fantastic

With very few predators on Iceland, bird populations are able to thrive here. There are so many varieties, and depending on the time of year there is a chance to see many migratory birds too. It is not just birds you have a chance to see, you can also opt to go whale watching too at certain location. Heading out by boat to cruise alongside the magnificent animals.

10. You will feel like you have had the most amazing adventure

There is nowhere in the world quite like Iceland. Heading out on your road trip with nothing but a map and an open heart will help you discover wonders only shown to the few brave enough to get off the well travelled path. You’ll create memories hear that will last a lifetime.

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Top tips for renting a car in Malaga

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Car rental malaga

The Costa del Sol is a great choice of holiday destination. With many great places to see, absolutely glorious weather and a chance to enjoy the famous Mediterranean lifestyle it is perfect whether you are travelling with friends, as a couple or with a family.

Whether you are heading to Torremolinos, Marbella, Nerja or the city of Malaga, where the international airport is, the best way to make the most of your stay and give you the freedom to really explore the region is to rent a car. There is a lot of choice for car hire in Malaga airport, so here are some tips for getting the deal that is right for you.

Choose the right car for your group

Thinking about your budget, you can aim for a smaller car, such as the Toyota Aygo or the Fiat 500. Absolutely perfect for solo travel or as a couple.

However if you are travelling as a family, these smaller cars might not be right, especially when you have a lot of luggage to carry. But there are still some very good deals to be had on medium size cars like the Ford Focus or Nissan Juke.

However, if comfort is your top priority, and you want to drive around in style, then consider models like the BMW X5 or Range Rover Evoque.

Don’t forget the extras

You will need to be sure to add on any additional items you might need for the length of your hire. For example, if you would like more than one driver you will need to let the rental company know so that they can be included in the hire and therefore included in the insurance cover.

You should also be sure that you ask for child car seats, and that those car seats meet safety standards. It is often possible to hire a GPS loaded with local maps as well, that can be very handy when driving in a new country.

You should also double check the insurance details. The basic insurance might be great value, but it will usually only cover injury to passengers or theft of the vehicle, and won’t cover any damage. Event the theft cover will likely mean a very large excess will need to be paid. However opt for a package with full cover and excess protection and you will have far great peace of mind.

Book online for better deals and guaranteed availability

There is nothing worse than finally reaching your destination, queuing at passport control, waiting at the baggage collection point and then having to spend ages in a queue for car hire , when all you want to do is go and enjoy your holiday.

If you book online in advance you will not have to worry about all of that. You can simply head to the car pick up point, usually via a free shuttle bus that online takes a few minutes, and then be on your way to enjoying yourself.

Choose a car hire company with good service and 24 hour availability

This can make all the difference to your holiday. There are over 100 car hire companies at Malaga airport, however not all of them are able to offer good prices, good quality vehicles and excellent service.

Also if you are travelling at night, or your flight ends up delayed you want to be sure that this will not cause any problems for your rental. So be sure to choose a company that has a helpline telephone number open 24 hours a day and seven days a week.

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