Connect with us

Europe

Golden Jubilee of World’s First Human Flight to Space; Space Race and Russian Technology

Published

on

yuri gagarin
Yuri Gagarin in Sweden

50 years ago, on a sunny morning Soviet Union did what no other nation had done before. Yuri Gagarin, a 27 year old Soviet pilot and cosmonaut became the first man who, against the gravity pull of earth, went to the space. Blasting off from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the name of the place has been registered forever in the historical records.

vostok logo
Vostok Mission’s
Insignia

We are now marking the 50th anniversary or Golden Jubilee of this historical event in the history of space exploration. It is the victory of humans. It is a pure example of how far a man can go to learn new things. A general curiosity in human beings of how earth looks from space and how the universe is comparable to earth being finally uncovered. One of the greatest achievement in 20th century, this event marked the victory of Soviet Union over other rival nations in space race. This has surely made Yuri Gagarin as the role model for many youths in the world.

Western nations, specially US got a big shock because they used to consider this communist nation poor, hollow and technically weak. The successful Soviet mission to the space led by Yuri Gagarin was the wake up call for US politicians and scientists.

john F Kennedy moon mission speech
May 25, 1961: President John Kennedy addresses 
Congress on his plan to put a man 
on the Moon within nine years.

At 01:30 AM a call ranged into Jerome Weisner’s residence that woke up John F. Kennedy’s scientific advisor. The call from the Pentagon told him that Soviet’s have won the race to the space at the peak of the cold war.

Just a month after the Soviet flight, President John F. Kennedy declared that he would put a man on the moon at the end of the decade.

While US scientists were working on something big, just after four months, Soviet Union again broke the silence and launched another space mission, Gherman Titov, a Soviet cosmonaut spent 25 hours in the space and completed 17 orbits of the earth.

Buzz Aldrin during Apollo 11’s
first Moon landing mission in 1969

Finally US came up with the response: Alan Shephard became the first astronaut from the western world to travel to space in May 1961, but that was just a sub-orbital flight which lasted only 15 minutes. US could achieve something good only in February 1962,  when another astronaut John Glenn completed three orbits of the earth, but that was also far lesser than Soviet’s achievement.

While Soviet Union started and won the space race, it was US who became the first one to land a man on the moon in July 1969 with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin becoming setting the historical record of leaving human footprints on the surface of the moon.



Why Soviet Union lost the race to the moon?

When the Soviet Union is celebrating Golden Jubilee of first human space flight ever in the world, many questions are being raised that when Russians did a great start, then why did they lag behind in the space race?

While Soviet Union became the first one to launch an artificial satellite, to send a first life form in the space, to send a first man in the space, to send a first woman in the space and to send a first probe to the moon, it certainly lost to US to send a first man on the moon. And since then USSR could never bounce back to challenge US.

Insufficient funding, internal turmoil, maintaining a huge area of land, checking western influence in its region, countering intelligence, maintaining loosing friends, became Soviet Union’s first priority.

The main designer of Soviet spacecrafts and propulsion systems, Koroljev, died.

Brahmos on Sukhoi
Brahmos, world’s first
and only supersonic
cruise missile
under the legend
 Sukhoi 30 MKI

The N1 rocket was enormously tall and heavy moonrocket (even heavier and longer then Saturn V), didn’t use the most advanced rocket propulsion system.


At that time only a true socialist organization could bring out the difference and compared to Soviet Union which was a socialist country. NASA was more socialist as it was totally under government compared to Soviet space organization which relied on different companies and design bureaus.
Even though Soviet Union lost the race to the moon and then the space race, still Russian technology, specially in aerospace, is considered far more superior. That’s the reason why Russians aircrafts and fighters are loved so much by the other air forces. They are not just cheaper, more sophisticated, but also have a good looking design. The only reason why few countries purchase American weapons is because they provide better servicing and spare parts when required.
 

Honours

yuri gagarin postcard stamp
A postcard with an
image of Yuri Gagarin

The Russian President Dmitri Medvedev has ordered a 50 gun salute to mark 50th anniversary or Golden Jubilee of this historical event.
The UN general assembly has also adopted making 12th April an “International Day of Human Space Flight”

Its a great honour for the Russians. There are people who are in full mood to claim this flight as fake, and there are people who are dedicated in proving American Apollo moon mission as fake. As a public notice or as a worldwide accepted proof or evidence, nothing has come out. So let us not get into the politics and let us celebrate the 50th anniversary, Golden Jubilee of the first human space flight, whether you are Russians or not, because it is the victory of human, and a master piece of advance human brains.

Life of Yuri Gagarin After the Mission

yuri gagarin monument
Monument of Yuri Gagarin on
Cosmonauts Alley in Moscow

A Soviet Air force Pilot, born to the farmer parents and worked as a carpenter before joining Soviet Air Force. He began serving as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. He later returned to Star City, the cosmonaut facility. Later Soviet Officials avoided Yuri Gagarin in any missions in fear of loosing a hero in accidents.

But this couldn’t prevent this smart man, Yuri Gagarin, from going to the final destination. On 27 March 1968, on a routine training flight in a MiG-15UTI he died with this flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin. The MiG tool off from the Chkalovsky Air Base, the crash happened near the town of Kirzhach. The bodies of Yuri Gagarin and the flight instructor Seryogin were cremated and the ashes were buried in the walls of the Kremlin on Red Square in honour.

Scroll down if you are looking for comment form, your comment is very much appreciated!!

Visit The World Reporter for discussion on this post. Or you may like to know what others are saying on this topic.
Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

Continue Reading
Comments

Economy

Seasif’s Franco Favilla discusses the post-Covid economy and the price of gold

Published

on

Although the Covid-19 pandemic isn’t over yet, there has been much discussion on the idea of a “post-Covid” economy, especially with the beginning of vaccination efforts in some countries. With markets throughout the world suffering the economic effects of the virus, experts have been looking towards the future –– and one of the topics that often comes up is the price of gold.

In August, the price of gold exceeded US$ 2,000 an ounce for the first time, driven by multiple factors. However, in November, advancements in Covid-19 vaccines led to a decrease in this trend, a result of the turbulent period we are going through.

“Regardless of the market volatility and the price changes that could occur over a given period of time, the fundamental fact is that the price of gold over the course of 2020 has reached an all-time high, and this, in my opinion, is very good news for the world economy,” explains Franco Favilla, founder and CEO of Seasif, a multinational company active in the extraction and trading of gold and oil.

According to Mr. Favilla, the main problem of the pre-Covid economy was the completely arbitrary nature of international finance. At one time, a ton of gold corresponded to a ton of currency, but since the 1980s, and at an impressive rate since 2000, the gap has widened enormously, so much so that today the relationship between the world’s currencies and gold is enormously unbalanced.

Total gold reserves around the world cover only 30% of currencies. This means there is nothing to cover and guarantee the value of money. In short, money has turned into a pure convention, a pure agreement between parties acting outside the market. Gold, on the contrary, guarantees democracy, because it protects savers and the market, offering an objective value for parameterizing every transaction. 

“My hope, therefore, is that the crisis caused by Covid-19 will help to change finance, making it less ‘phantom’ and more linked to an objective dimension, based on gold, with obvious advantages for the real economy. Gold protects consumers, the most important component in any economic system: if you don’t have a market made up of consumers with a certain level of wealth, how can you sell? To whom? Consumer protection must come first, and gold is one of the main ways of protecting them,” states the CEO of Seasif.

Sustainability has also been at the forefront in discussions about the post-Covid world, as countries look towards establishing a more resilient global economy, one able to better withstand such events in the future –– and “green gold” may well be a part of that future. Green gold, in a sense, can be considered the “gold of the future” due to its ethical and sustainable extraction process. Seasif produces green gold, with a department entirely dedicated to green, and has allocated economic incentives to its continued production.

Even as 2020 draws to a close, the future may still look uncertain. But for those searching for greater security, gold may be one of the few certainties left.

Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Continue Reading

Europe

How much money do you need to live comfortably in Spain?

Published

on

malaga andalusia spain

There are plenty of reasons why you may be thinking about living in Spain: its population is friendly and kind; its climate, especially in the coastal areas, is enviable; its gastronomy is incredible… but, what about its prices? What is the most affordable way to live in Spain?

Perhaps the most important question if you decided to go: would it be better to buy instead of renting a property in Spain. Or yet living in a Spanish residence?

Spanish cities where to live cheap and well

In the geographical variety that Spain presents, we can find many differences in average salaries and the standard of living that reside there would require. The areas of Galicia, Extremadura, Castilla y León, together with Almería and the south of Alicante usually have a lower price of euros/square meter in their homes. The quality of life is really appreciable, but you should know that there are fewer possibilities for business and transports.

The autonomous community of the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Madrid, which have higher than average incomes (normally more than 24,000 euros per year), also have higher prices. However, Madrid has such a wide range of rents that it sometimes makes them cheaper than other countries. 

In addition, and taking into account the tourist seasons, the areas of Valencia and Andalusia are normally a preference when it comes to living in Spain for a while or even spending your retirement. Although day-to-day life can be more expensive than in other areas of Spain, the mild climate and variety of leisure options are often worth it in the long run. 

Whatever your option is when moving to another country, especially if you don’t know its legal system, can be very tiresome. That’s why our advice is to try to contact local agencies (that speak English) to give you fair and fruitful advice. For example, to move to Andalusia, we usually recommend Tejada solicitors

I have already decided on the place. Now what?

Well, if you have already fully immersed yourself in the streets of a beautiful city that we have talked about, what should be your first step?

Decide what kind of stay you want to be in (since your future economic situation will also depend on this: taxes, permits…). You may have already chosen, for example, property conveyancing in Marbella, but it is recommended that you also think about renting a property, because it can be very profitable while you are in your other place of residence.

To sum up, before moving to a Spanish city, decide if you want to spend a little more money per month in exchange for the exceptional conditions that their precious land can give you; secondly, contact a reliable agency that will help you make the best investment and even more, apply for a Spanish residency if you are decided to stay for a long time.

And remember: a move is always a new beginning.

Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Continue Reading

Europe

Holiday in Italy: choose Florence for a break in the winter

Published

on

Italy florence

Florence is one of the most visited Italian cities, with over 15,4 million tourists visiting the city each year. Located in the heart of the Tuscany region, this beautiful city breathes history, life and culture among its streets. If you are looking for the perfect location for your next winter holidays, then you should look no further, Florence is the perfect destination for you.

Enjoying the best cuisine

Florence is one of the cities with the richer gastronomy in the world. From traditional Italian cuisine to exquisite wines, the food in this city have everything you may wish for in order to please your palate.  With so many options available, you may be wondering where to eat in Florence. Food critics recommend that you check out the following options during your visit to Florence: 

  • Traditional Italian cuisine: visiting Florence and not tasting original Italian cuisine would be considered blasphemous by many.  Italy has one of the most delicious gastronomies in the world, and in Florence you will be able to taste it at its finest with local ingredients. Restaurants like La Chiostrina or Il Rosmarino will allow you to rediscover Italy by its traditional food.
  • Tasting the local wine: wines from the Tuscany region are famous worldwide as the best in the market, making this region the Mecca of wine lovers. During your visit to Florence you will be able to taste those deliquescent wines in restaurants such as Olio Restaurant or Villa Pitiana Restaurant, or taste it on places dedicated exclusively to wine such as Enoteca Obsequium Firenze or L’Enoteca Sandro Soltani.
  • International cuisine: if you like international cuisine, then you are on luck. The best chefs around the globe have restaurants on Florence. This means that you will be able to taste flavours from all the world without having to leave the city. For example,  you can visit the restaurant El Inca for a taste of Peruvian food, restaurant Com Saigon for genuine Vietnamese cuisine, restaurant Ararat for Armenian and Georgian traditional food, or Dim Sum for refined Chinese cuisine. Discover the world by trying the taste of these countries’ traditional flavours.
  • Taste original gelato: gelatos are the ice cream predecessors, and they have been one of Italy’s culinary specialties for centuries . This traditional Italian cold dessert is similar to ice cream, but has less fat and less added sugar. You will be able to enjoy this amazing treat on the many gelaterias around Florence streets, such as Gelateria Edoardo or Gelateria Dei Neri.
  • Tapas and Street food: these are excellent alternatives if you are looking to make a simple meal with your family. You will be able to enjoy these small dishes in places like Italian Tapas or Rivalta Cafe.
  • Modern cuisine: you can taste the most modern and alternative cuisine in the world in Florence. Restaurants like Alla Torre De’ Rossi or Winter Garden by Caino will bring to your table the sophistication the more delicate palates crave. 

Discover Florence’s hidden gems

Florence is a city with a lot of monuments and museums to discover. However, most people that visit the city tend to focus only on the main monuments of the city, such as Campanile di Giotto or Palazzo Vecchio o della Signoria, and the restaurants near those. Because of that, if you want to experience Florence to its fullest, we recommend you rent a bike

Discovering Florence by bike will grant you access to places away from the mainstream crowds,  such as the Andrea del Sarto Museum (dedicated to this amazing Italian painter) or the beautiful Ospedale degli Innocenti (a 17th-century home for abandoned children which includes some amazing pieces of art done by renowned artists like Botticelli). These are really stunning places you would miss if you stick to the traditional tourist route, causing you a lot of regrets over the missed chance. 

Use your ← → (arrow) keys to browse

Continue Reading

Trending