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Indian Companies Increasing Foreign Acquisitions; More Companies "Indianized"

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Indian companies have become matured, while tough competition remains within the domestic market of the country, Indian companies are exploring more markets and adding more dimensions of competition. In the last decade we saw growing number of acquisitions by Indian company not only of smaller brands but also of much bigger and prestigious brands. In our previous article we discussed how the former colony India has been acquiring more businesses in the UK and “Indianizing” them, becoming the largest employer in the private sector of the UK. It is observed that Indian companies in a collective manner targeted UK businesses more actively, it could be unintentionally or may be some kind of nationalism. Indian companies are now equally active in the rest of the geography in the race to secure resources and technology.

In a report by Columbia University, India has gushed as the world’s 21st largest outward investor, having more than US$75 billion in foreign investment in the last decade. In another report by the Reserve Bank of India, during 2009-10 alone, the investments by domestic Indian companies in overseas joint ventures and wholly-owned subsidiaries stood impressively at US$10.3 billion.
Year 2000. One of the first major overseas acquisition by an Indian company was the acquisition of popular UK brand Tetley. Tata Tea in 2000 acquired Tetley for US$407 million. At the time of acquisition Tetley had three times the turnover of Tata Tea in India, but now it is the front runner brand of Tata Global Beverages and has made its successful presence in over 70 countries offering nearly 500 different varieties of popular tea.

Year 2003. In the year of 2003, one of the key Korean based commercial vehicle company, Daewoo was acquired by Tata Motors. Daewoo was famous for the cars Cielo and Matiz. After the acquisition Daewoo cars disappeared from Indian markets. Today Tata Daewoo is in the heavy vehicle business with its manufacturing and assembly mainly in Korea, India and Pakistan (Afzal Motors).

Year 2005. The confidence in the management of the Tata boosted so high that one by one it acquired more companies in US, South Africa and East Europe making it world’s second largest branded tea maker. US herbal and green tea brand Good Earth was bought by Tata Global Beverages in 2005.

In another move in the automobile industry Tata Motors bought one of the largest manufacturer of bus and coach cabins in Europe, Hispano Motors Carrocera in 2005. Apart from their main plant in Zaragoza, Hispano also has another facility across the Mediterranean sea in Africa, Casablanca, Morocco. Their combined capacity is to produce nearly 2.000 unites per year. With this acquisition Tata also brought a number of jobs by bringing manufacturing of Hispano bodied buses in India at ACGL plant in Goa. These buses are known as Tata Divo.

Tata Hispano
Why doesn’t Tata launch these buses in India? Variant of Tata Hispano Globus can be seen plying on the airports which lack functioning aerodrome facilities. Photo by Motor India

Later, in the same year Tata made another acquisition in the UK. UK-based Brunner Mond group and US-based General Chemical Industrial Products were back to back bought by Tata Chemicals.

Year 2006. Another US based beverages firm Eight O’ Clock Coffee was bought for US$220 million. Tata also successfully established itself in the tea markets of other small countries like Czech Republic, where it owns JEMČA which is the biggest selling tea brand in the country.

In a move to secure resources around the world, Indian companies are actively spreading their arms. A study by Ernst and Young reports that the Indian companies have advanced in recent years and have invested appreciably in securing mineral resources. For the first time, in the year 2010, India-based companies scored over Chinese counterparts in the acquisition of foreign mineral assets. To support the statement, Indian companies had invested US$4.64 billion in 2010 to acquire businesses outside India, while Chinese overseas investments declined by more than half to US$4.45 billion.

Year 2007. Tata, just after one year of making its dominating presence in the tea markets of US and UK, moved on to the next big thing, Steel! In the year 2007, ambitious Tata Steels bought a company five times bigger than itself for US$12.1 billion. At that time Corus was ranked eighth largest in the world. This pushed Tata Steel from 65th position in the world steel production to a comfortable 5th position. In an another move in the metallurgy industry by another Indian company, Aditya Birla Group acquired Canadian Novelis, an aluminum producing company, for around $6 billion by its flagship company Hindalco Industries. This acquisition has made Hindalco world’s leading aluminium rolled products producer.

Year 2008. India made notable acquisitions in the sector in which it is considered the world leader, IT sector. Indian company HCL acquired UK based enterprise solution provider Axon in mid 2008. Overall Axon group and its subsidiaries has constituted 14% of HCL Tech’s revenue of Rs 16,030 crore and net profit of Rs 1,646.5 crore proving impressively beneficial. HCL, Infosys, and Tata Consultancy Services have till date acquired large number of companies or established their centres around the world and maintain world dominance when it comes to IT.

In the same year, in one of the most surprising deal Tata Motor’s acquired prestigious British Jaguar and Land Rover auto brands. Still very few are aware that Tata Motors owns these super luxurious British automobile brands since 2008. Tata never renamed it as Tata Jaguar. Buying from the cash strapped Ford, Tata has now recorded massive net profit in JLR section.

Jaguar Land Rover Profit

Year 2009. When most of the Indian private companies were surprising the world with one after the other big acquisitions, state run Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) also expanded its arm, and this time again it was UK! In January 2009, ONGC bought U.K. firm Imperial Energy for $2.1 billion. It was one of the biggest foreign acquisitions by ONGC Videsh (OVL), which is the overseas arm of ONGC. OVL successfully holds stakes in various parts of the world, notably the Gulf, Latin american and Siberia.

Year 2010. In mid 2010, In one of the largest coal mines deals by an Indian group, Adani Enterprises, in a cash and royalty deal, acquired the Australian coal assets of Linc Energy for US$2.7 billion.

In the same year, Bharati Airtel, India’s largest telco also became world’s fifth largest telecom company after acquiring African assets of Kuwait’s Mobile Telecommunications Co., Zain. Apart from its massive Indian subscribers, this deal provided Bharati Airtel additional 180 million customers in 18 countries and annual revenue of $12.4 billion

Flowing in the spirit, Sahara India Pariwar in late 2010 controversially bought iconic Grosvenor House hotel in London for 470 million pounds (around Rs 3,250 crore), which gave it a considerable stronghold in the global hospitality business. Sahara India Pariwar had been losing businesses in India, Sahara airways, one of them. Sahara is also known for sponsoring various Indian and Bangladeshi sports team.

Talking about sports, Venky, flagship company of Venkateshwara Hatcheries Group bought Blackburn Rovers, 135-year old English premier division football club which however could not keep club’s fans happy.

Pedro Moreno de los Ríos, partner at Parangon Partners explains “One of the great advantages of Indian executives, compared with their Chinese counterparts, is their knowledge of Anglo-American culture. Another advantage is the greater openness that India has enjoyed when it comes to foreign capital”. He further added, “Indian managers tend to have an international approach, and “India is [even] exporting managers to China.”

Peter Cappelli, George W. Taylor Professor of Management at The Wharton School and Director of Wharton’s Center for Human Resources says, “They [Indian Companies] are aware that there are markets that have not been exploited, and they want to take advantage of them, but not if foreigners get one hundred percent of the profits,” explains Peters. He further adds, “That way, they guarantee that India will not be sold off to foreigners.” He says India and Indian companies are giving more important to their development and are open to foreign companies to gain expertise, technology and funding while maintaining control. “India wants to create its own companies and brands, while China leaves the road wide open to foreign companies,” says Peters.

India, which is third largest economy in terms of GDP (PPP) knows that it needs a stable economy if it is dreaming of becoming a super power in every manner. A strong economy, jobs, education, food security and political stability will help India excel in the path which it has already chosen. A number of foreign acquisitions like these have helped Indian companies gain expertise, technology and management lessons which will help this country shape even more global brands in the future. Companies like Tata, Birla, Reliance and Jaypee are also determined to structure better education in India through their state of the art institutions of technology. Foreign acquisition did bring some jobs to India and more importantly India has secured and has been securing some of the key resources field around the world, that will keep feeding its giant economy in a long run.

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Branding Basics – Quick Tips

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branding tips

Automated social media, a virtual assistant who can do three jobs at once, traffic continually coming in for your business. These are amazing things. When it all comes down to it, your branding is the key to making sure all of these things happen. Your branding will help people recognise you, and your work. 

When your branding is right, it will give people the impression they can trust you, and people who have worked with you already, or made a purchase from you are likely to return.

So what is branding? Branding is basically your name, symbol, design, and the colours you choose. And then it extends to the tone of voice you use, your email signature, and how you communicate on social media. 

It is a representation of everything your company is And will become recognisable as such. Good branding is vital for any business to succeed. It is how you will become known to consumers, and this is how you will build loyalty too.

Style

Most people have an idea in mind for the style already. And we are lucky to have access to a lot of tools to help us create something that works in our budget. And at a skill level. Of course, what you want to do ideally is head to a professional to help you create the initial logos and colour pallets. 

It is often the case that we don’t have the budget to do this initially, but you can use tools like Canva and PicMonkey to help you create the basis for all of your branding. Just make sure you try a few different colour combinations before settling on anything in particular. 

Try to use the psychology of colour to help you get it right.

Vision

Your vision for your company is going to be the driving force behind your branding. This is applicable to a blog, you as a person, and influencer, a business-whatever it is. Your brand vision will be a combination of all the ideas, strengths, goals, and it will appeal to your customers too.

Clarity

While there is always space for a beautifully delicate, swirly handwritten font- but can everyone read it? If you decided on a pale yellow geometric dear for example, how is it going to look in print and how is it going to look online? 

You need to make sure that everything is as clear as possible on all of the platforms before you drive into getting anything made. And you should make sure that the font that you use is mobile compatible, and this should translate to printed materials too. 

For example, when you are getting your promotional items printed from Dynamic Gift, you’ll need to make sure that everything is crystal clear.

Consistency

You will need to make sure that your logo and tagline are on everything from your social media to pay but invoices. You need to make sure that you double check that even your photos are on-brand too. 

If you are presenting as a bold and bright brand, but your Instagram feels black-and-white monochrome the two things don’t match up. It will not feel on-brand. And this discrepancy will ruin your brand reputation. People need to be able to look at anything on any of your platforms and make the connection between that platform and your business.

And always remember that the story of your brand is what makes you different from everybody else. And this is the exact reason the customer will buy your products and return in the future.

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How to promote your beauty business

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beauty business

It is crucial to give the necessary importance to online marketing and online strategies in all kind of business. Knowing the effective ones will definitely make your business grow. Because believe it or not there are many specific tools for beauty centers, from creating a web page to starting to work on its social networks. Do you want to know which ones are the best? Keep on reading!

Promote your beauty business

Technology currently allows us to have easy access to unlimited data, because we’re living in the Information and Internet Age. And of course there are professionals who can directly help us. However, we can also follow their advices. In this case, the ones specially made for beauty centers. The challenge is imminent in the daily fight against all companies, which are becoming visible on the Internet. This is why it is never too late to act. Start now!

What can beauty centers do to reach all their potential clients? A meticulous study of each business is mandatory depending on its needs. The objective is to get the largest amount of potential customers, in order to come out in the top positions of any search engine, such as Google. This way your will anticipate competitors on the Internet. It is very ambitious to ensure a global strategy that works 100%. Likewise, it’s critical to know the basic principles in order to start.

Tips to promote your beauty company

  • Your beauty salon name has to be simple and has to sound good. Choose an easy one and you’ll see the results.
  • Analyze other businesses in order to apply them to yours, such as https://activerain.com/blogsview/5468873/four-tips-to-help-you-start-and-run-a-successful-spa-business 
  • Send Newsletters, they are also a good marketing tool. You will be able to send mass mailings to all your contacts.
  • Make a professional web page of your beauty center so that it exists on the Internet. This this way your competitiveness will boost. In addition, your website must be properly optimized to be able to place your company in the first Google search results. Plus, this will give your business a more professional image.
  • Being present on all social networks is crucial, because if you want to make yourself known without them you will be practically lost. It is part of the evolution and the new era. By this means you can share a wide variety of beauty content.
  • Manage advertising and promotions on the Internet. You can do them through Google and Facebook, both give out the best results. A professional Facebook Fan Page is a clever idea, and advertising on Google Adwords too, they are effective and not so expensive.
  • Open a blog of your own company. It will help you to position your website organically on Google. Take notice you will have to post frequently.

If we want to get immediate results, promoting our beauty business advertising on the Internet is the best, as well as having a professional and beautiful website of your beauty business. These will make your business more competitive and it will help your company get good results.

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Safety Matters (Here’s How To Improve It In Your Business)

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security-business

There are several reasons why safety needs to be a top priority in your business. The first is that you have an obligation to keep your customers and workers safe. While the second is that employees will always be more productive in an environment in which they feel secure. Finally, accidents can cost your company big in a variety of ways, including delays, compensation, replacing equipment, and even in terms of your public relations. With that in mind, your business must be as safe as possible. Read on to find out what you can do to make it so.

Make sure the physical space is a safe one 

The first consideration concerning safety that your business will need to make is the physical surroundings you provide for your workers. The good news is there is a lot you can do to improve this. 

In particular, being aware of any hazards and either resolving them or signposting them, so any employees and visitors know about them beforehand are vital. Additionally, making sure you have good quality, reliable equipment that is regularly maintained and serviced is so necessary as well. 

Also, do not forget that the structure that your company resides in matters when it comes to safety as well. In fact, many businesses use professionals like this commercial flooring company to ensure their locations flooring is as flat and safe as possible. Something that can make a huge difference when it comes to minimising accidents at work. 

Consider psychological safety and well being 

It’s not just risks to physical safety that can harm your business, but emotional and psychological ones as well. In fact, studies have shown that mental stress from work causes a tremendous amount of absence and can contribute to high employee turnover. These both being things that can cost your business a lot of money over the long term. In addition to that, psychologically stressed workers will be unhappy and suffer in terms of motivation and productivity as well. 

That is why it is so vital to work towards a positive atmosphere within your company. Now that doesn’t necessarily mean that everyone has to get along at all times. However, a culture of respect, humility, and teamwork can go a long way to keep people’s psychological well and safety at work. 

Of course, that means having obvious expectations of how all your employees are expected to behave. Along with reasonable and scalable consequences for anyone (managers included) that do not adhere to these. 

Educate employees on safe practices 

Finally, when it comes to safety in the workplace, one of the most valuable things that you can do is to educate your workforce. After all, there is only so much that you can do without the cooperation of those that work for you. 

To that end, implementing a robust safety education program that educates both new workers and tops up the knowledge of those that have been with you for some time is essential. If you are truly dedicated to showing safety matters in your business.

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