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Indian Companies Increasing Foreign Acquisitions; More Companies "Indianized"

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Indian companies have become matured, while tough competition remains within the domestic market of the country, Indian companies are exploring more markets and adding more dimensions of competition. In the last decade we saw growing number of acquisitions by Indian company not only of smaller brands but also of much bigger and prestigious brands. In our previous article we discussed how the former colony India has been acquiring more businesses in the UK and “Indianizing” them, becoming the largest employer in the private sector of the UK. It is observed that Indian companies in a collective manner targeted UK businesses more actively, it could be unintentionally or may be some kind of nationalism. Indian companies are now equally active in the rest of the geography in the race to secure resources and technology.

In a report by Columbia University, India has gushed as the world’s 21st largest outward investor, having more than US$75 billion in foreign investment in the last decade. In another report by the Reserve Bank of India, during 2009-10 alone, the investments by domestic Indian companies in overseas joint ventures and wholly-owned subsidiaries stood impressively at US$10.3 billion.
Year 2000. One of the first major overseas acquisition by an Indian company was the acquisition of popular UK brand Tetley. Tata Tea in 2000 acquired Tetley for US$407 million. At the time of acquisition Tetley had three times the turnover of Tata Tea in India, but now it is the front runner brand of Tata Global Beverages and has made its successful presence in over 70 countries offering nearly 500 different varieties of popular tea.

Year 2003. In the year of 2003, one of the key Korean based commercial vehicle company, Daewoo was acquired by Tata Motors. Daewoo was famous for the cars Cielo and Matiz. After the acquisition Daewoo cars disappeared from Indian markets. Today Tata Daewoo is in the heavy vehicle business with its manufacturing and assembly mainly in Korea, India and Pakistan (Afzal Motors).

Year 2005. The confidence in the management of the Tata boosted so high that one by one it acquired more companies in US, South Africa and East Europe making it world’s second largest branded tea maker. US herbal and green tea brand Good Earth was bought by Tata Global Beverages in 2005.

In another move in the automobile industry Tata Motors bought one of the largest manufacturer of bus and coach cabins in Europe, Hispano Motors Carrocera in 2005. Apart from their main plant in Zaragoza, Hispano also has another facility across the Mediterranean sea in Africa, Casablanca, Morocco. Their combined capacity is to produce nearly 2.000 unites per year. With this acquisition Tata also brought a number of jobs by bringing manufacturing of Hispano bodied buses in India at ACGL plant in Goa. These buses are known as Tata Divo.

Tata Hispano
Why doesn’t Tata launch these buses in India? Variant of Tata Hispano Globus can be seen plying on the airports which lack functioning aerodrome facilities. Photo by Motor India

Later, in the same year Tata made another acquisition in the UK. UK-based Brunner Mond group and US-based General Chemical Industrial Products were back to back bought by Tata Chemicals.

Year 2006. Another US based beverages firm Eight O’ Clock Coffee was bought for US$220 million. Tata also successfully established itself in the tea markets of other small countries like Czech Republic, where it owns JEMČA which is the biggest selling tea brand in the country.

In a move to secure resources around the world, Indian companies are actively spreading their arms. A study by Ernst and Young reports that the Indian companies have advanced in recent years and have invested appreciably in securing mineral resources. For the first time, in the year 2010, India-based companies scored over Chinese counterparts in the acquisition of foreign mineral assets. To support the statement, Indian companies had invested US$4.64 billion in 2010 to acquire businesses outside India, while Chinese overseas investments declined by more than half to US$4.45 billion.

Year 2007. Tata, just after one year of making its dominating presence in the tea markets of US and UK, moved on to the next big thing, Steel! In the year 2007, ambitious Tata Steels bought a company five times bigger than itself for US$12.1 billion. At that time Corus was ranked eighth largest in the world. This pushed Tata Steel from 65th position in the world steel production to a comfortable 5th position. In an another move in the metallurgy industry by another Indian company, Aditya Birla Group acquired Canadian Novelis, an aluminum producing company, for around $6 billion by its flagship company Hindalco Industries. This acquisition has made Hindalco world’s leading aluminium rolled products producer.

Year 2008. India made notable acquisitions in the sector in which it is considered the world leader, IT sector. Indian company HCL acquired UK based enterprise solution provider Axon in mid 2008. Overall Axon group and its subsidiaries has constituted 14% of HCL Tech’s revenue of Rs 16,030 crore and net profit of Rs 1,646.5 crore proving impressively beneficial. HCL, Infosys, and Tata Consultancy Services have till date acquired large number of companies or established their centres around the world and maintain world dominance when it comes to IT.

In the same year, in one of the most surprising deal Tata Motor’s acquired prestigious British Jaguar and Land Rover auto brands. Still very few are aware that Tata Motors owns these super luxurious British automobile brands since 2008. Tata never renamed it as Tata Jaguar. Buying from the cash strapped Ford, Tata has now recorded massive net profit in JLR section.

Jaguar Land Rover Profit

Year 2009. When most of the Indian private companies were surprising the world with one after the other big acquisitions, state run Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) also expanded its arm, and this time again it was UK! In January 2009, ONGC bought U.K. firm Imperial Energy for $2.1 billion. It was one of the biggest foreign acquisitions by ONGC Videsh (OVL), which is the overseas arm of ONGC. OVL successfully holds stakes in various parts of the world, notably the Gulf, Latin american and Siberia.

Year 2010. In mid 2010, In one of the largest coal mines deals by an Indian group, Adani Enterprises, in a cash and royalty deal, acquired the Australian coal assets of Linc Energy for US$2.7 billion.

In the same year, Bharati Airtel, India’s largest telco also became world’s fifth largest telecom company after acquiring African assets of Kuwait’s Mobile Telecommunications Co., Zain. Apart from its massive Indian subscribers, this deal provided Bharati Airtel additional 180 million customers in 18 countries and annual revenue of $12.4 billion

Flowing in the spirit, Sahara India Pariwar in late 2010 controversially bought iconic Grosvenor House hotel in London for 470 million pounds (around Rs 3,250 crore), which gave it a considerable stronghold in the global hospitality business. Sahara India Pariwar had been losing businesses in India, Sahara airways, one of them. Sahara is also known for sponsoring various Indian and Bangladeshi sports team.

Talking about sports, Venky, flagship company of Venkateshwara Hatcheries Group bought Blackburn Rovers, 135-year old English premier division football club which however could not keep club’s fans happy.

Pedro Moreno de los Ríos, partner at Parangon Partners explains “One of the great advantages of Indian executives, compared with their Chinese counterparts, is their knowledge of Anglo-American culture. Another advantage is the greater openness that India has enjoyed when it comes to foreign capital”. He further added, “Indian managers tend to have an international approach, and “India is [even] exporting managers to China.”

Peter Cappelli, George W. Taylor Professor of Management at The Wharton School and Director of Wharton’s Center for Human Resources says, “They [Indian Companies] are aware that there are markets that have not been exploited, and they want to take advantage of them, but not if foreigners get one hundred percent of the profits,” explains Peters. He further adds, “That way, they guarantee that India will not be sold off to foreigners.” He says India and Indian companies are giving more important to their development and are open to foreign companies to gain expertise, technology and funding while maintaining control. “India wants to create its own companies and brands, while China leaves the road wide open to foreign companies,” says Peters.

India, which is third largest economy in terms of GDP (PPP) knows that it needs a stable economy if it is dreaming of becoming a super power in every manner. A strong economy, jobs, education, food security and political stability will help India excel in the path which it has already chosen. A number of foreign acquisitions like these have helped Indian companies gain expertise, technology and management lessons which will help this country shape even more global brands in the future. Companies like Tata, Birla, Reliance and Jaypee are also determined to structure better education in India through their state of the art institutions of technology. Foreign acquisition did bring some jobs to India and more importantly India has secured and has been securing some of the key resources field around the world, that will keep feeding its giant economy in a long run.

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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5 Mistakes to Avoid While Buying Study Tables Online

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Study tables are a necessity in almost every household, office space, public places, etc., where one might just like to relax and read or avidly work on a given project or assignment. Let’s face it, completing tasks within a given deadline is a lot more distracting without a study table present. Sitting for hours on the bed with your laptop on your thighs or reading books casually might lead to back injuries and eyesight complications in the future. Hence it is best to have a proper study table to complete all your tasks and have a comfortable experience. These days, almost all customers have shifted to purchasing study tables online instead of going to stores because it saves a lot of time and money. However, while purchasing furniture online, there are a few mistakes which all buyers must avoid in order to invest correctly and have a commendable consumer experience:-

  1. Ignoring the brand name and price value:– It is really easy to go for furniture which is cheap and the description on the products is very promising. However, do not be fooled by such elevated claims these unknown brands make, because in their mission to sell duplicates of popular brands, they will create a divine image about their product and will rob you off your money. To be on the safe side, it is important to visit sites which are popular and there is good feedback about the purchases made. Try purchasing from brands which have both online stores and shops in the city. Better be safe than sorry.
  2. Impulsive purchasing:- Decisions made on an impulse almost never favour a person’s luck. While purchasing study tables, it is important to consider all possible loopholes that might be associated with it. Take your time to think and make a choice which will complement the area surrounding the study table and also will be durable. Don’t make an investment blunder.
  3. Ignoring the compatibility:– If you want to buy coffee table online or a study table, the surroundings it is going to be placed in must be carefully estimated. For instance, taking proper measurements of the area in which the table will be placed as well as the measurement of the door through which the product will be brought in must be accurate. It is suggested that you find a delivery service which places the table in its right place to avoid future complications.
  4. Not settling the place prior to the arrival of the table:– It is imperative that the necessary documents, books, copies, electronic devices, decor, etc., must be assembled in order prior to the arrival of the study table. That way, a lot of time will be saved and the table will be ready to use sooner. Keep a tab on the return policy from the brand you are ordering your study table from.
  5. Not surfing varieties:- Another major mistake buyers commit is not viewing varieties prior to purchasing a study table. It is more feasible if you surf through the different styles and varieties that these study tables are available in before impulsively investing in one. There are several styles that might suit your preferences like a bed study table, height adjusting table, a study table that can be folded and a light and shade one.

So if you are planning on purchasing a study table or a coffee table online, make sure to avoid these common mistakes to make a sound investment on your purchase and have a pleasant consumer experience.

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The Importance and Usefulness of Medical Posters in Research

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medical-poster

The results of scientific work and research projects in the medical field can be disclosed in a variety of ways. Along with the scientific article and the oral presentation, medical poster presentations are one of the most important and most common communication formats among researchers in the medical field.  The medical poster is a graphic summary of a previous research whose composition consists of a short title; an introduction to the hypothesis: an overview of the experimental approach; the most interesting results, and a discussion about the results obtained. It is also important to include a list of the relevant articles used during  research. And, when there is still room available, it is worth to mention the persons or institutions that have contributed to the work by giving funding or technical assistance.  

Why are medical poster presentations relevant?

Medical posters are an alternative to oral presentations because they offer the opportunity to present research projects or papers that cannot be presented orally for various reasons – for example, if the author resides in a country other than that of the conference venue. Plus, they help to achieve the ultimate goal of all communication in a scientific congress: the transmission of a message by the author and its capture by the audience. This is possible because medical posters allow the attendees to analyze research results at a speed that matches their knowledge and skills, and also because it is easier to remember images – especially if you have time to look at them carefully – than to remember the content of an oral presentation.

In the medical field, posters are a form of communication with great potential because they enable the concise, clear and permanent transmission of their content, without the time restrictions imposed by oral conferences. Medical posters offer the possibility of establishing direct communication with the author(s) of the poster promotes the one-to-one exchange of opinions with a tranquillity that is difficult to achieve in the context of a large-scale conference. E- poster platforms such as https://www.postersessiononline.com/ have virtual galleries where the delegates have access to all the posters and they can interact in the same way they did during the congress, contacting the author, downloading the poster and even starting a discussion in the forum.

On the other hand, an additional advantage of medical posters is that the author does not have to prove his erudition and the presentation does not become a difficult oral examination, which is especially important when research is presented in a language other than mother tongue. It also allows doctors who find it difficult to overcome the pressure of an oral presentation to expose the results of their work.

How is the ideal medical poster?

The design of the poster is important both to attract the interest of people who visit the room where the poster is displayed and to comprehend in a very short time the most relevant aspects of our work. The reading of the poster -and the subsequent understanding of the content should take less than 10 minutes. A poster must be visually attractive and that is why it is important not only to know how to combine colors, letters, images and graphics, but also that it does not contain too much written information: the maximum recommended is 800 words. Therefore, the information should be synthesized so that, in a few minutes, the attendees have a clear idea of the objective and result of the research that they are reading. In this regard, a well-designed medical poster must satisfy the following criteria: Visual appeal, personality, aesthetic balance, clarity in the explanation of ideas, quick understanding of the hierarchy and distribution of the parts, synthesis and rigor.

You also have to take into account the font and size that is used, as some are too complicated to read. Times New Roman, for example, is often used in written texts but is not suitable for a poster as it is difficult to see and read from a distance. The color chosen for our poster is also important. Do not use colours that are too light on a light background or dark colours on a dark background. It is also advisable to avoid loud colours. Another common mistake is to plague the poster with too much information. Don’t forget that the medical poster is not an article in large print. Try to reduce the text and use more graphic resources such as tables, figures or images.

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Karatbars Becomes One of “10 Blockchain Companies To Watch In 2019” according to Forbes

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Stuttgart, June 06, 2019 –   America’s most prominent business magazine Forbes places The Karatbars group around Dr. h.c. Harald Seiz in a new list of the  “10 Blockchain Companies To Watch In 2019“. Joresa Bount’s article presents a “deeper look at the technologies, founders, and companies that are emerging in the industry (…) The teams of these innovative blockchain startups are global, cutting-edge, and typically include early blockchain adopters as founders.”

Ms. Bount asserts that “This list showcases 10 companies working to make blockchain more accessible, prominent and mainstream. (…) Each offers something unique with the potential to disrupt traditional industries as well as gain support from legitimate entities.”

“Based in Germany, Karatbars International GmbH is the developer of KaratGold Coin and a robust gold-linked ecosystem of cross-border blockchain solutions. Their latest product, the IMpulse K1 Smartphone, is the first phone using Voice Over Blockchain Protocol (VOPB). Currently, KaratGold allows consumers to trade or purchase gold on more than 500,000 acceptance points worldwide. With all of the recent talk about Bitcoin versus gold, this company provides the best of both worlds,” the article says.

Karatbars CEO and Founder, Dr. h.c. Harald Seiz states that “the Forbes contribution and inclusion in such a list is a great honor for us. The article shows the full diversity of the blockchain universe – and we are proud to be listed in this series due to our two crypto-currency innovations, including a link to gold, and the blockchain smartphone IMpulse K1.” “Cryptocurrencies and blockchain are on everyone’s lips. But cryptocurrencies are not only relevant as an investment object, the underlying blockchain can revolutionize all our workflows and business processes – even outside of finance. That’s what we and the other nine companies exposed by Forbes are working on every day,” he continues.

“In order to strengthen our marketing activities in this area, we have now entered into a cooperation with the most well-known crypto-influencer, John McAfee. Hardly anyone else covers the market as well – and critically – as he does and so we are pleased about the collaboration on our cryptocurrency KaratGold Coin (KBC),” Seiz tells. “Warning: I work with this company. However, KBC coin is linked to gold in a way that downside is limited, while the upside is unlimited. (…) For me, it is simply a way to protect against the crypto markets’ volatility. I only work for companies I believe in,” McAfee shared on his Twitter.

More Information about Karatbars

Karat-Gold

Karatbars International GmbH was established in 2011 with its main office in Stuttgart. The CEO and founder Dr. h.c. Harald Seiz is active all around the world. He offers a vast number of goods and services around the real value gold and blockchain solutions. In fact, these are the distribution of small gold bars, cash gold – the substitute of conventional currencies – and two cryptocurrencies, the Karatgold Coin and KaratCoinBank Coin. In October 2019 Karatbars the Voice-Over-Blockchain Protocol Smartphone IMpulse K1-Phone will be launched. The device provides highly secure data transmission via blockchain and end-to-end encryption. The company is now the front runner at the market of innovative gold products.  It has more than 600 000 affiliates in more than 120 countries with the annual turnover reaching 100 million euros.

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