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Indian Companies Increasing Foreign Acquisitions; More Companies "Indianized"

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Indian companies have become matured, while tough competition remains within the domestic market of the country, Indian companies are exploring more markets and adding more dimensions of competition. In the last decade we saw growing number of acquisitions by Indian company not only of smaller brands but also of much bigger and prestigious brands. In our previous article we discussed how the former colony India has been acquiring more businesses in the UK and “Indianizing” them, becoming the largest employer in the private sector of the UK. It is observed that Indian companies in a collective manner targeted UK businesses more actively, it could be unintentionally or may be some kind of nationalism. Indian companies are now equally active in the rest of the geography in the race to secure resources and technology.

In a report by Columbia University, India has gushed as the world’s 21st largest outward investor, having more than US$75 billion in foreign investment in the last decade. In another report by the Reserve Bank of India, during 2009-10 alone, the investments by domestic Indian companies in overseas joint ventures and wholly-owned subsidiaries stood impressively at US$10.3 billion.
Year 2000. One of the first major overseas acquisition by an Indian company was the acquisition of popular UK brand Tetley. Tata Tea in 2000 acquired Tetley for US$407 million. At the time of acquisition Tetley had three times the turnover of Tata Tea in India, but now it is the front runner brand of Tata Global Beverages and has made its successful presence in over 70 countries offering nearly 500 different varieties of popular tea.

Year 2003. In the year of 2003, one of the key Korean based commercial vehicle company, Daewoo was acquired by Tata Motors. Daewoo was famous for the cars Cielo and Matiz. After the acquisition Daewoo cars disappeared from Indian markets. Today Tata Daewoo is in the heavy vehicle business with its manufacturing and assembly mainly in Korea, India and Pakistan (Afzal Motors).

Year 2005. The confidence in the management of the Tata boosted so high that one by one it acquired more companies in US, South Africa and East Europe making it world’s second largest branded tea maker. US herbal and green tea brand Good Earth was bought by Tata Global Beverages in 2005.

In another move in the automobile industry Tata Motors bought one of the largest manufacturer of bus and coach cabins in Europe, Hispano Motors Carrocera in 2005. Apart from their main plant in Zaragoza, Hispano also has another facility across the Mediterranean sea in Africa, Casablanca, Morocco. Their combined capacity is to produce nearly 2.000 unites per year. With this acquisition Tata also brought a number of jobs by bringing manufacturing of Hispano bodied buses in India at ACGL plant in Goa. These buses are known as Tata Divo.

Tata Hispano
Why doesn’t Tata launch these buses in India? Variant of Tata Hispano Globus can be seen plying on the airports which lack functioning aerodrome facilities. Photo by Motor India

Later, in the same year Tata made another acquisition in the UK. UK-based Brunner Mond group and US-based General Chemical Industrial Products were back to back bought by Tata Chemicals.

Year 2006. Another US based beverages firm Eight O’ Clock Coffee was bought for US$220 million. Tata also successfully established itself in the tea markets of other small countries like Czech Republic, where it owns JEMČA which is the biggest selling tea brand in the country.

In a move to secure resources around the world, Indian companies are actively spreading their arms. A study by Ernst and Young reports that the Indian companies have advanced in recent years and have invested appreciably in securing mineral resources. For the first time, in the year 2010, India-based companies scored over Chinese counterparts in the acquisition of foreign mineral assets. To support the statement, Indian companies had invested US$4.64 billion in 2010 to acquire businesses outside India, while Chinese overseas investments declined by more than half to US$4.45 billion.

Year 2007. Tata, just after one year of making its dominating presence in the tea markets of US and UK, moved on to the next big thing, Steel! In the year 2007, ambitious Tata Steels bought a company five times bigger than itself for US$12.1 billion. At that time Corus was ranked eighth largest in the world. This pushed Tata Steel from 65th position in the world steel production to a comfortable 5th position. In an another move in the metallurgy industry by another Indian company, Aditya Birla Group acquired Canadian Novelis, an aluminum producing company, for around $6 billion by its flagship company Hindalco Industries. This acquisition has made Hindalco world’s leading aluminium rolled products producer.

Year 2008. India made notable acquisitions in the sector in which it is considered the world leader, IT sector. Indian company HCL acquired UK based enterprise solution provider Axon in mid 2008. Overall Axon group and its subsidiaries has constituted 14% of HCL Tech’s revenue of Rs 16,030 crore and net profit of Rs 1,646.5 crore proving impressively beneficial. HCL, Infosys, and Tata Consultancy Services have till date acquired large number of companies or established their centres around the world and maintain world dominance when it comes to IT.

In the same year, in one of the most surprising deal Tata Motor’s acquired prestigious British Jaguar and Land Rover auto brands. Still very few are aware that Tata Motors owns these super luxurious British automobile brands since 2008. Tata never renamed it as Tata Jaguar. Buying from the cash strapped Ford, Tata has now recorded massive net profit in JLR section.

Jaguar Land Rover Profit

Year 2009. When most of the Indian private companies were surprising the world with one after the other big acquisitions, state run Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) also expanded its arm, and this time again it was UK! In January 2009, ONGC bought U.K. firm Imperial Energy for $2.1 billion. It was one of the biggest foreign acquisitions by ONGC Videsh (OVL), which is the overseas arm of ONGC. OVL successfully holds stakes in various parts of the world, notably the Gulf, Latin american and Siberia.

Year 2010. In mid 2010, In one of the largest coal mines deals by an Indian group, Adani Enterprises, in a cash and royalty deal, acquired the Australian coal assets of Linc Energy for US$2.7 billion.

In the same year, Bharati Airtel, India’s largest telco also became world’s fifth largest telecom company after acquiring African assets of Kuwait’s Mobile Telecommunications Co., Zain. Apart from its massive Indian subscribers, this deal provided Bharati Airtel additional 180 million customers in 18 countries and annual revenue of $12.4 billion

Flowing in the spirit, Sahara India Pariwar in late 2010 controversially bought iconic Grosvenor House hotel in London for 470 million pounds (around Rs 3,250 crore), which gave it a considerable stronghold in the global hospitality business. Sahara India Pariwar had been losing businesses in India, Sahara airways, one of them. Sahara is also known for sponsoring various Indian and Bangladeshi sports team.

Talking about sports, Venky, flagship company of Venkateshwara Hatcheries Group bought Blackburn Rovers, 135-year old English premier division football club which however could not keep club’s fans happy.

Pedro Moreno de los Ríos, partner at Parangon Partners explains “One of the great advantages of Indian executives, compared with their Chinese counterparts, is their knowledge of Anglo-American culture. Another advantage is the greater openness that India has enjoyed when it comes to foreign capital”. He further added, “Indian managers tend to have an international approach, and “India is [even] exporting managers to China.”

Peter Cappelli, George W. Taylor Professor of Management at The Wharton School and Director of Wharton’s Center for Human Resources says, “They [Indian Companies] are aware that there are markets that have not been exploited, and they want to take advantage of them, but not if foreigners get one hundred percent of the profits,” explains Peters. He further adds, “That way, they guarantee that India will not be sold off to foreigners.” He says India and Indian companies are giving more important to their development and are open to foreign companies to gain expertise, technology and funding while maintaining control. “India wants to create its own companies and brands, while China leaves the road wide open to foreign companies,” says Peters.

India, which is third largest economy in terms of GDP (PPP) knows that it needs a stable economy if it is dreaming of becoming a super power in every manner. A strong economy, jobs, education, food security and political stability will help India excel in the path which it has already chosen. A number of foreign acquisitions like these have helped Indian companies gain expertise, technology and management lessons which will help this country shape even more global brands in the future. Companies like Tata, Birla, Reliance and Jaypee are also determined to structure better education in India through their state of the art institutions of technology. Foreign acquisition did bring some jobs to India and more importantly India has secured and has been securing some of the key resources field around the world, that will keep feeding its giant economy in a long run.

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Make the most of your money

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It is no secret that money moves the world, therefore we should always make sure our money is in the best hands. Thankfully, nowadays, we can access the best online financial services from the comfort of our own home. With just a few clicks, you too can start getting the best rentability from your money.

New investors for your construction projects

The construction sector has taken a big hit during the last years due to the multiple financial crisis we were forced to face. This sector creates millions of work positions every year, so getting the proper founding for any construction project is key before we start doing any work at all. 

Thankfully, there are groups of investors like CEMEX’s Corporate Venture Capital. As explained in their website https://www.cemexventures.com/, CEMEX Ventures is an investment group looking to invest in innovative construction startups. Counting with the help of CEMEX Ventures will not only bring your construction project a financial boost, but also will get you in contact with their team of experts to ensure that your construction project runs as smoothly as possible and does not encounter any problem at all. 

CEMEX Ventures is revolutionizing the construction sector one building project at a time, so do not miss your chance and apply to join the CEMEX Ventures family. 

Get loans when you need them the most

Life takes many turns, and sometimes, we find ourselves facing financial problems we did not plan for. For example, one day our car can break out of the blue, and we would find ourselves with a big expenditure to keep our means of transportation. That is when rapid loans come in handy. 

Applying for a loan is now easier than ever, all you need to do is visit comparator websites like Creditosrapidos10min. Creditosrapidos10min features information of a lot of rapid loans websites and all the information you would need if you decided to apply for one. On their website, you will be able to apply for loans of up to €60000 and get the money delivered to your bank account in just a few minutes. 

Websites like Creditosrapidos10min are the perfect tool to face those unexpected financial problems we could encounter. 

Leave your property on the best hands

Whether you live in a community of neighbours or own real estate, it is very important that your property is always managed by a team of experts. Problems do not stick to schedules or working hours, they can happen at any moment, and we need to make sure we count with the help of the right people to fix them. That is why it is recommended that every community of neighbours or real estate owners hire the help of an estate administrator Ciempozuelos.

Professional Estate Administrators are experts at managing everything related to our property, from hiring the maintenance staff, to write their pay cheques, hire security, etc. They also offer legal assistance and will solve any problem that could affect the installations, such as a pipe leak. 

Finally, getting rid of your debts

Debts are something that can easily pile up. Before we can notice it, we find ourselves facing more debts than we ever planned for and not knowing how we are going to afford to pay them back. In cases like this, you should always request the help of professionals like the team at Repagalia.

The team of experts at Repagalia will study your case and create a personalized plan for you to pay your debts, and after you give your approval, will administrate your money to ensure you stick to it. And if there is no way you can pay them, they will asesorate you in the second opportunity law, so you can cancel all your debts once and for all. 

So if you have any debts, do not look any further, the team of experts at Repagalia will help you get rid of them and no longer feel the debts constrain.

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Stay On Top Of Employee Management

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Company meeting

Employees are the most important asset of any organization and the main engine for its success, but to get the full potential out of employees it is important to know how to manage a team of employees. The desire for the employee to function at the highest level is in the common interest of both the employee and the management and not one good manager is measured by his ability to motivate the employees and get the most out of them. Quality employee management will reflect the human capital inherent in the employees of the organization or business, increase employee motivation, create mutual trust between employee and manager and employee to employee and motivate staff to share responsibility for achieving goals and results of each organization.

Setting realistic goals for employees

To be good managers you have to trust the abilities of your team members, take a step back, let them do the job even without your intervention. While it may sound tempting, and perhaps even logical, to lead the organization’s tasks and take care of optimal performance, a good manager should know how to stand aside sometimes, allow employees to achieve results on their own, and even even have difficulty and even fail sometimes.  Proper management does not set employees unrealistic goals, goals that are not achievable either objectively or subjectively according to the employee’s perception. The place in which  they work can affect their productivity. A good office space is vital. In this case, you should look at prestige serviced offices

Be a better manager with the help of proper communication with the staff

One way to build constructively and effectively is to provide feedback to the employee. Avoiding feedback impairs an employee’s ability to learn, progress and improve his or her functioning. In fact, even an informal dialogue between the manager and the employee will strengthen the relationship between the employee and the manager, provide him with indicators of success, give him test points for examining the individual and organizational functioning and contribute to the employee’s motivation.  

Management while providing personal attention and examining the potential of the employee

Although employee management does not require a degree in social work, it requires the manager to understand the needs and desires of the employee and to know that there is a person behind the employee. Personal treatment of the employee does not eliminate the needs and requirements of the organization and does not harm the status of the manager.

The opposite is true, managers who do not treat the employee as a number or as a “resource” increase their value to the employees and motivate them to improve in many parameters such as perseverance, identification, initiative, productivity and more. Managing a staff team means maximum utilization of the human resources available to the organization that are reflected, among other things, in the ability to see the employee’s abilities beyond the position and slot in which they are located. Non-limitation of the employee to the limits of his job definition will lead to the development of both the organization and the employee and better results for the organization.
In an age where the job that the employee now performs is not a lifelong career and many employees move from job to job and also from organization to organization sooner or later, the manager has the task of developing talented employees, promoting them within the organization and preventing them from leaving. Throughout the period of employment of the employee in the organization, it is important to educate them and allow them to “grow”. Delegating authority over employees and giving responsibility to employees are among the important tools that will create in every employee motivation, desire to succeed and a sense of partnership in the organization and practically will also make it easier for you as a manager to take responsibility and work.

HOW TO SAY “NO” TO AN EMPLOYEE  

Managing a staff requires knowing how to say no sometimes. Managing a staff is not only reflected in the projects you agree to carry out, but also in those you decide not to carry out. Before you decide to agree to any initiative of the staff, it is important to consider and make sure that the initiative meets the goals of the organization and benefits it. If you do not think so, do not fall into the trap of being nice and agreeing to everything, a good manager also knows when to say no, and you will also be surprised the staff will appreciate them for it as long as it is made as a matter-of-fact decision. 

Remember that employees are not perfect

An important part of any employee task management is knowing that no one is doing anything perfectly, especially for the first time. A professional manager does not insist on integrity, but gives his employees support and protection even when they are not doing a perfect job in the belief that in the future they will learn to perform the task in a better way. 

How to conduct team meetings 

Staff meetings in the office are a management tool, but also a tool that contributes to the formation of employees. In order for the team meeting not to be perceived as boring and inefficient it is important to know how to conduct a team meeting. Basically, each participant should be given the feeling that his or her voice is important and heard, given the opportunity to raise issues and ideas for discussion at the meeting, suggestions for improvement and streamlining, or to make complaints and requests. It is not always necessary to hold an office meeting, it is sometimes possible to go out to a quality restaurant. A pleasant staff meeting will contribute, among other things, to strengthening the connection between the employees and the management.

When the manager adopts actions and methods that will strengthen the employee’s relationship with the manager and the organization and increase their motivation, the employee’s absence is expected to be at least significantly.

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How Has Technology Changed Farming Over The Years?

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Technology has become a big thing in the world. No matter where you look, technology is everywhere and that isn’t going to be changing any time soon. We live in the age of tech, and if you can’t get behind it then you are going to be left behind while everyone else surges forward. This is exactly what has happened to the farming industry over recent years. Technology has made processes easier to complete, and generally made a positive impact on the industry as a whole. 

But. how has it done this? There are many different elements that make up farming, and tech has managed to ingrain itself in each and every one of them. 

Crop Genetics And Pest Management

While the idea of improving plant genetics isn’t new, it is made a lot easier by the development of technology in the field. Plant breeders have been working to improve germplasm to develop seeds that have the best mixture oc characteristics possible. As such, they can make sure they get the best yield when it comes to specific weather conditions and soil. It’s important to understand that the older methods are still used here, but they are also combined with a newer approach that involves the latest tech. 

Genetic engineering technology plays a huge part in this process, as it helps to improve a number of different things about the plant. By doing this, farmers are able to increase crop yields, making their farm more efficient. 

Mechanization

The new and improved farm equipment has had the most significant impact on the farming industry. It has drastically changed the way that farmers raise and care for their livestock, as well as growing plants. The heavy duty equipment such as tractors, combines, and planters all make their life a lot easier. If you need any old school products such as a G8P 12V 8 GPM Portable Fuel Transfer Pump then these are still available for farmers to purchase. It’s not to say that just because tech has come about it’s completely out with the old. 

The biggest benefit of mechanization is that farmers are now able to produce more from their farms with less labor. Saving farmers money, producing more to cater for the demand and all around making life much easier for those who are in this industry, tech has been a lifesaver in some ways. 

Specialization

When you think back to being a kid, do you remember the farms that you saw on TV? Well, that is how they used to be. There was a little bit of everything by way of animals, and certain crops were also grown depending on what kind of farm you had. With tech coming into the equation more and more, farms have become more specialized in recent years. 

When you visit a farm now, you are more likely to see one type of livestock being raised than a whole range of them. Back in the olden days, raising a range of different livestock was where the money was, but not anymore. Thanks to technology, focusing on one area rather than all of them is actually more profitable. It gives you the chance to acquire all of the tech that you need to focus on that one area, and it also means the farmer has more knowledge of it. Therefore, what is produced is a much higher quality than it would be otherwise. 

Livestock Genetics And Breeding

Humans have been domesticating animals for a long time now, and farmers used to select particular livestock, breeding them to adapt to certain conditions. Or, they would be bred with one purpose in mind: the end goal. The technology to aid this practice has come a long way in recent years, and now there are animal geneticists who work to identify the genes within animals and then enhance them for various reasons. 

Embryo transfer is gaining more and more popularity over recent years, especially in the dairy industry. This wouldn’t have been possible fifty year ago, and it is thanks to technology that it is possible now.

Now, you should understand a little more about how technology has changed farming over the years. There have been many changes to how farming used to be, ensuring that farmers can keep up with the rising demand from the market. Of course, it’s not easy to make all of these changes for farmers, especially the ones who have been used to doing things the old fashioned way. But, with technology at the forefront of almost everything that we do, it’s hardly surprising that it has made its way into the farming sector.

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