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Stumbling Blocks in All-Round Indo-Russian Partnership

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Soviet stamp 1974 for freindship between USSR and India

India and Russia enjoy healthy strategic relations since Soviet era. Large part of Soviet help came in the sector of defence, education, mills, mining, and industry and infrastructure development. The two countries essentially shared the buyer-seller, give and take relation. However, after the collapse of Soviet Union and the liberalization of Indian economy thebuyer-seller relationship turned into a full fledged partnership.

World’s fastest cruise missile, Brahmos and fifth generation fighter aircraft PAK-FA/HAL FGFA is the result of close partnership between the two countries in defence sector. The two countries realized the potential of their economies, one of the fastest in the world, and pioneered furthermore collaborations and investments. One of the prominent example of the successful business collaboration is Sakhalin I project where India owns 20% stake in the oil field which has 2,300 million barrels of oil and 17,100 billion cubic feet of gas in place.

India has been seeking more such investment in Russia in the field of hydrocarbon, oil, and pharmacy. On the other hand Russia had not done any major commercial entry in the Indian markets, the only prominent investment by a Russian company in recent years is of Russian telecom company MTS. India is world’s fastest growing telecom market and already has world’s second largest mobile phone user base and third largest internet user base, making it one of the best region for any telecom company. Telecom industry is highly competitive in India, companies go to any extent (within the limits set by TRAI) to provide one of the best services to their customers including free SMS, freephone numbers, first few minutes of calls as free, etc. After the introduction of the brand in India, MTS had soon reached 16 million subscriber base in no time. However, the whole thing all of a sudden changed in India and most of the licenses provided to the private companies were cancelled giving a big blow to the Russian investment and economists. The developments were unwelcomed in Russia and expressing grief.

The recent changes in Indian system has affected Indo-Russian ties, defence sector in India which had seen a strong presence of Russian hardware and technology is also seeking partnership and contracts with other major providers in the world. Cancelling of telecom licenses in India was not directed against Russia, but was due to political corruption that had taken place during the auctioning of the licenses that led to the abrogation of all the licenses given. Another major investment that faced the stumbling block was Norway based company Uninor.

“We were very happy that such a new and interesting field of our mutual cooperation as telecom was opened, a new investment destination for the Russian capital – both private capital from the Sistema, as well as from the Government with its shares.” Said ambassador of Russia to India, Alexander M. Kadakin in an interview to CNBC TV 18 Channel.

“As a bona fide buyer of that license we were thunderstruck when the whole thing all of a sudden changed here in India and all those licenses were pronounced invalid. It was a very unexpected development. I feel, the judicial and other authorities did not make a distinction between our company, which was a bona fide buyer, and all other companies. And the spectrum we bought was not claimed by any Indian company.”

According to the Russian ambassador there seem to be the involvement of political element rather than judicial one in the whole case.

“I don’t want to comment on the Indian judicial system, with highest respect I have for it. But it seems there is more political content here than judicial one. If we take up the matter judicially, look – a bona fide buyer acquires a frequency which nobody claims, acting according to all norms and regulations, valid at that time, in 2008, and all of a sudden in 2011 they just cancel all the licenses and my company is boiled in one soup with all other companies which may have committed something. It is not a judicial matter only, it is a political one. The Russian Government will never allow 3.1 bln dollars to be thrown in the abyss. This must be understood. The Government’s shares are the tax-payers’ money. It is about 1 bln. Are we to throw our money into the inferno of your internal problems in the telecom sector?”

When asked if India’s popularity as an ideal destination for investment is declining, Kadakin reply was positive, he denied any such doubts and pointed to the “ill wishers” of the growing cooperation between India and Russia for creating such illusions.

“How can it be that India would seem not a very favourable destination for Russian investment if yesterday a deal was signed in Moscow opening a credit line for 3.5 bln US dollars for the development of Kudankulam power plant? This is a huge, very important and strategic project. How can one say that things are not OK? These are the intentions of ‘ill-wishers’ who try to sow evil seeds of doubt into our cooperation.”

Further explaining the term ‘ill wishers” he referred to the protests that were launched against the nuclear power plant in Kudankulam, India which are suspected to be motivated.

“When that situation continued for half a year, when India as a result was losing one million dollars every day. One should naturally think, how come those people were so well organized, on what money those “nature-protectors” were buying water and had food delivered, had shamianas erected there? It costs a lot. Who was giving the money? And the Indian Government has found that the money was channeled through all kind of ecological and “green” NGOs. But the money initially was targeted not for the anti-Kudankulam protests. Instead of developing the infrastructure in the region and in those villages, the money was used to organize protests!”

India and Russia has been great partners and there is hope of rising cooperation between the two as they participate constructively on international forums like BRICS and SCO. However, with the shift in India’s vision towards the events in the world, its policies have become more pro western, on various recent international platforms and voting, India had taken sides with the western nations instead of taking with Russia and China. Referring to India’s growing ties with United States, Russian media had said even to the extent that India is sliding to US pole and it is the time for Russia to being cooperation with Pakistan to maintain a healthy presence in the region.

However, according to Kadakin, all the claims are false and Russia seeks stronger partnership with India.

“As regards India, we are rejoicing together with India at its achievements. The figures of the India’s growth have been high, nearly 9 per cent, which in essence is almost an economic miracle. We are proud together with you, as Russia is India’s equal partner, a sister. So whenever I get to Moscow, I give one simple example: in five and a half years of my absence between the ‘two Indias’, when I was leaving my first ambassadorial post in 2004, the metro was inaugurated in Delhi and I took a joy ride. There were only seven stations there including Kashmiri Gate. But when I came back from Stockholm, you had more than 100 stations. Is that not a miracle? Moscow would be envious. We have one new station built in one year, and there is so much celebration. India is rushing ahead like a Russian troika. We are happy to be in that sledge together with India and want to rush even faster, and unite our efforts in all fields including that of mutual investment.”

Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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How to plan the best Ibiza party

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Ibiza is the party capital of the world. In the beautiful Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean sea, the island vibes and gorgeous weather has hundreds of thousands of visitors flocking to the island every year ready to relax, unwind and in many cases party hard.

VIP night in London Barcelone MArbella ibiza

This is why Ibiza is a fantastic place to host the event to end all events, but with so many parties to choose from on the island, how do you get people to yours? Here are some hints and tips to get you started when planning your first Ibiza event.

First things first – set a budget

Amazing parties do not just happen. They need time, a lot of effort and planning, and be prepared to invest a little money in the party.

It is important not to underestimate the budget you will need. Do your research in relation to how much everything will cost, from licences if you need them, staff to run security and provide drinks and food, a DJ, rental of important equipment and the hire of the venue itself.

It can soon add up. You should also allocate some funds towards marketing the event if you want people to book a ticket or simply turn up. Whether you are printing publicity material, or promoting via social media and online, it will cost money.

Choose a venue that will blow people away

For any Ibiza party planner the first thing you have to do is choose a venue, and the more spectacular or unusual the better. You want your guest to walk in an say wow, and be talking about it with all their friends for years afterwards.

When choosing a venue you need to consider the logistics first. First consider how many attendees you are expecting. If it is a more intimate gathering of around 20 to 50 people, then there are many gorgeous villas to choose from.

Or you might want something a little more grand if you are expecting several hundred like a beach party. Talk to the various venues available to hire. Make sure that they are open to your hosting a party at their location, and be conscious of local laws and the neighbours especially of you want to have live or amplified music at the party and the intention is to keep it going long into the night. Or even until the sunrises – this is Ibiza after all, the party capital of the world.

Also consider location in terms of accessibility. Is it easy to get to and find? How will people get home at the end of the night? Much of Ibiza is spread across the island so if taxis are involved you might need to let some of the taxi companies know that you will need a lot of taxis on the night you choose. Also consider other elements of the party. For example you can’t host a pool party without a pool, and if you are serving food, what facilities are there for preparing it.  

Get the sound and lighting right

Lighting can make a huge difference to the atmosphere of a party, particularly at night and especially if you are intending to have professional filming if you want to create promotional videos for future parties.

Think about the atmosphere you want to create, is it something subtle, or a lighting spectacular? The most simple space can be utterly transformed by lighting and this is no area to cut costs, it is likely you will need lighting equipment hire Ibiza, as buying it yourself really will blow the budget.

Are you thinking of pyrotechnics, LED displays, lasers or dry ice. Then the best option is to hire what you need for the event. A good hire company will also be able to provide all the rigging you will need too, delivered, installed and dismantled by professionals.

The second major piece of electronics that you have to get right is the sound system, especially for a music event. Consider sound system hire Ibiza for everything from PA systems to advanced mixing desks for live events and concerts.

Looking after your guests with the best service

You’ve gone to all the trouble of setting up the most amazing venue, the entertain is going to be fantastic, the marketing has got people to turn up – the last thing you want is for the event not to meet expectations.

You need to have a plan for how you will look after your guests after they arrive.

One of the most important aspects, especially for large crowds is the toilets. You do not want half your guests in a queue for the toilet all night. You also do not want those toilets to immediately become disgusting because you haven’t got enough for the number of people. So make sure you have that covered.

You also need to work out the bar, any VIP area and catering options if you are providing them. You want your guests to feel comfortable at all times, and not leaving because they are hungry or thirsty.

Finally, the most important aspect – the people. When you hire staff for the night, as security, runners, bar staff, cleaners, remember that they will be representing you and they need to have a positive attitude when it comes to looking after your guests. This can make all the difference between a smooth running amazing event, and one that very quickly turns into chaos.

It can sometimes feel a bit daunting when planning your first event, especially if you have never done it before. There are a lot of moving parts, and your organisational skills need to be incredible to avoid the pitfalls of a failed event. But don’t let that put you off. It might even be worth calling in a professional Ibiza event agency, so that you can have a little peace of mind in the planning and also rely on their expertise in event planning and the local area. You can then concentrate more on having a good time and enjoying the show rather than run yourself ragged on the night.

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6 reasons why you are not getting a good paint finish on your model car

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car paint

Painting model cars is a great pastime for a rainy afternoon, and there is something so satisfying about seeing the final results of your careful efforts.

But what if the final finish isn’t what you expected? Any small blemish can be enough to ruin the model, and while no-one else will be able to see it, it will be the one thing your eyes are always drawn to. Here are some reasons you might not be getting the imperfection free finish you had hoped for.

1. There is dust or grease on your model

Is is so important to properly clean your model first. Even fresh out of the packet there can be traces of dust or residue from the manufacturing process, and this can have disastrous effects on the ability of the paint to adhere to the model properly.

Use warm soapy water for the cleaning, and a microfiber cloth that is less likely to leave behind fibers and make sure you dry it thoroughly. It is important that your workspace is equally as clean, tidy and dust free as possible.

2. You are not using a primer

For the best finish you simply have to use a primer. The best model car airbrush paints are solvent based and the primer seals the plastic and gives the surface something for the paint to adhere to.

The primer will also usually include a microfiller that will cover small scratches or dents, without affecting the design detail. It means the paint will adhere properly regardless of whether the base material is plastic, resin or metal. Apply in thin layers, preferably with an airbrush for the best results and allow to dry properly.

3. You are not using the right paints

You need to make sure you are using a solvent based, base coat lacquer paint, like Gravity Colors. The paint should have a fast drying time to stop dust sticking to the wet paint, be made to resist fading and be pre-thinned for airbrush use so you don’t have to worry about getting the consistency right.

You also want to make sure that you are choosing the right replica colours for the make and model you are trying to replicate, and if you are opting for metallic paints, you want the metal flakes to be to scale, or it will not look right in the finish.

4. You are not cleaning your airbrush properly

This is absolutely key, especially when working between primer and paint, or between paint colours.

You need to clean your airbrush with acetone or nitrocellulose thinner, and for the best cleaning of the parts of the brush try an ultrasonic cleaner.

5. You are applying paint too thickly

The colour needs to be applied thinly, and then working up to thicker coats. It is really important to get to know your airbrush and how to adjust the flow of paint. Practice a few times away from the model.

Thicker spray has a tendency to make the paint run which can be very unsightly and difficult to rectify. It is also best to have the model on a stand that you can easily rotate in order to get even coverage with each layer. Don’t forget you can always hand paint in the trickier parts rather than repeatedly air spraying.

You also need this stage to dry properly too, it can take as long as 48 hours before you can move to the next stage.

6. You aren’t applying the clear top coat properly

The top coat is very much the part that will complete the model. It will take it from semi-matt to a high gloss you see on full size cars.

You need to apply the first coating as a fine mist. This will give the model a matt appearance, but this is ok. After 10 minutes, then apply the top coat properly so until you can see the glossy finish.

It won’t be perfect yet, that happens as the gloss cures. Once dry it will have smoothed out complete. After 48 hours you will then be able to polish it up and the gloss will have set rock hard. Don’t forget to clean your airbrush right away.

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Hooks for industry – what do you need to know

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Construction Machine

In construction, we often find ourselves faced with the need to lift or move very heavy materials and, to this end, the role played by cranes is fundamental.

It should not be forgotten that in order to operate a crane it is essential to be in possession of a crane operators licence and, to do so, it is necessary to be over 18 years of age, pass a medical examination, have a compulsory secondary education diploma, pass a theoretical-practical course given by professionals in the sector, as well as concluding this training with a final examination.

One of the main parts of a crane is the hook, which makes it easier to hook heavy parts safely.

It is important to emphasize that the hooking of these materials must be carried out correctly following an exhaustive protocol since the detachment of these materials can cause very serious and even lethal damage and injuries. This is why these hooks require periodic revisions to check the conditions in which they are, since if they show deterioration or possible cracks, it would be necessary to replace the hook since it is not possible to work with damaged hooks.

The construction sector is very important all over the world, especially for all kinds of commercial and personal projects. The machine par excellence to carry out a work of great calibre is the crane, thanks to all the benefits and advantages that it leaves with it, such as the speed and the possibility of moving heavier elements thanks to the crane hook.

As in everything else, there are different more specific equipment depending on the type of material to be used and the size of the load itself. Therein lies the importance of the hook, which is in charge of ensuring that this material can reach its destination in the best possible way and without causing accidents along the way.

It is the companies contracted for the construction of the infrastructure themselves that are in charge of renting this type of vehicle or, in some cases, if they already have their own, they can save a large amount of money. The heaviest ones can even exceed 40 tons in weight.

What kind of materials can they transport? From pictures, screens, lifts, air conditioning and even essential elements for the assembly or disassembly of various heavy objects, which humans can not manipulate by their own.

However, not everything is as simple as having one of these machines and getting into the cabin. The engineer who is responsible for driving it must be well prepared and have advanced knowledge of what he is doing. No one wants all the work to be thrown overboard by one simple mistake, hence the importance of this person.

In the same way, the fact that all the contracted team is made up of professionals can reduce both the risks and the total costs that are going to be carried out and, if all this were not enough, you will also be making sure that the machinery will be handled successfully and the final work will obtain a better result.

The expert gets a very clear function, review the existing working conditions and know what kind of equipment and material is necessary to meet the needs of the client.

It should not be forgotten that in order to operate a crane it is essential to be in possession of a crane operators licence and, to do so, it is necessary to be over 18 years of age, pass a medical examination, have a compulsory secondary education diploma, pass a theoretical-practical course given by professionals in the sector, as well as concluding this training with a final examination.

Other option is the Elebia auto hooks for industry, that is the automatic hook. This is an innovative hook. It is a device that allows unloading remotely without the need for manual presence of any operator. It has a magnet, sibil lock, which blocks the rotating part avoiding the possibility of loosening.

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