The Socio-Economic Effects of Natural Disasters

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Soyuz Hurricane Earl

Hurricane Earl as seen from the space, Russian Soyuz in the foreground. flickr/nasamarshall

Natural disasters are a tragedy and can cause lasting damage to a country or city. The thing is that natural disasters are becoming more common, but perhaps less natural. There is maybe a degree of human blame that we can attribute to many modern natural disasters. The major problem with natural disasters is the geopolitical ramifications they can have on a nation.

Here are some of the biggest effects a nation might experience. All these are problems caused in the wake of natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis.

Reduction in Tourism

Whenever a natural disaster hits a place, it has a lot of negative effects. One of the major negative effects is that there is a reduction of tourism in the area. People are more cautious to go and visit an area that’s recently become the victim of a natural disaster. This counteracts the recent surge in online travel and takes business away from the country. This is human nature. It’s the self-preservation instinct many of us have kicking in. If a town, city or country has recently experienced an earthquake or severe flooding it might put people off wanting to visit. Tourists may worry about being caught up in the disaster if they travel there. This is bad for a lot of places that rely on tourism to boost their economy.

Cost for Repair and Treatment

Any time a natural disaster hits there’s damage to infrastructure and people in the immediate areas. The problem is that it’s then a big job to repair all the damage, not to mention the costs. It’s not always possible to rescue people, repair damage and restore the property on your own. Sometimes it’s necessary to bring in a leader in disaster recovery and property restoration to help. There’s a lot of work and cost to think about and sometimes people’s lives are ruined, as a result.

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Likely to Happen Again

One of the most frustrating things about natural disasters is that there’s not a lot that can be done to avoid them. Or is there? These days the problem with natural disasters is that we can attribute human blame to them. This is even worse because it means they shouldn’t be happening. Because humans interfere with the planet, it increases the likelihood of natural disasters. And the trouble is the poorer areas will take the brunt of it as they’re not equipped to cope with these kinds of things. This means that the cycle is self-perpetuating and will most likely continue to happen.

Financial Burden

The biggest issue with natural disasters is the financial effect they have on a nation’s economy. Any time a natural disaster hits it can cause millions in damage and even more to repair the wreckage. Indeed, The Actuary detailed how economic losses from natural disasters cost $240 billion yearly. This is a staggering cost and can’t be good for the economy of the nations affected. The problem is that the fallout from this is so costly many countries fall into a spiral of debt having to get themselves back on track. This is especially true of many Third World countries that don’t have the finances or infrastructure to deal with it.


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Student @ Advanced Digital Sciences Center, Singapore. Travelled to 30+ countries, passion for basketball.