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Why Do Metropolitan Cities Have A Gravitational Pull?

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The three most powerful forces that drive the future of a nation forward are the politics, culture and economy. There isn’t a particular order for this list because they cannot exist without each other. It’s a triangle of sorts that we don’t often really sit down to think about. If you look around the major capitals of the world, they all have something in common. They are becoming an oasis and in the three aspects mentioned, detaching from the rest of the country. The population in such cities as Tokyo, London, New York, Seoul and Paris are only getting higher. These cities are without a doubt very metropolitan. This cultural saturation isn’t everybody’s cup of tea. But because of the increase in job opportunities, people who wouldn’t otherwise choose to live in such a large city flock in their masses. It’s almost like these cities have their own gravitational pull that suck up the surrounding cities, towns and villages of their working age people. The younger generation more than ever, want to live in a bustling city. There are numerous reasons why this is occurring which also presents new challenges.

So why the attraction?

The majority of college students in many Western countries are now female. Thus they are the majority graduates as well. The main subjects that are being taken right now are liberal arts. These may be journalism, art and design, social care, psychology as well as acting. Many large cities have always had a solid base for these kinds of professions. There are large theatre halls, the major publications are all situated in the capitals for greater access to the political field, and there are of course many art galleries within their perimeters.

As the cycle of new and old workers continue to revolve around, the seniors in these fields all look toward the next generation whom they give a chance to continue on their businesses, companies and institutions. As the living expense in high population cities is always going to be high as food, real estate and access the public services is tight, the salaries are also high. Generally, the pay is going to be higher than if you did the same job but in a smaller city or town. Therefore many of the millennial and even young generations see the opportunity to live and work in a culturally rich, politically important and high-paying city.

Stuffed like cattle?

Now bearing in mind that major cities all have a substantial history, it’s inevitable that the buildings and infrastructure are going to be old. This means space is tight by design. The added benefit to this is that everything is relatively close, almost always within walking distance. From the local doctor to the local supermarket, everything is cosy and nearby. This is what attracts many people to adjust and even favor the city life than perhaps in a suburban environment where they grew up. Yet, as aforementioned the real estate is going to be aged. Living in cramped and small rooms are going to be the norm.

However things are changing, and it’s down to the modern designers that are making contemporary residential homes and or apartment buildings. A prime example of this new mentality that’s making waves in a positive way is MEP Design. Rethinking what can be achieved in modern apartment design, the company has its own designers and engineers. The plumbing, electrical work and mechanical aspects are done in a scope construction project.

The approach this kind of company has is perfect for urban development as the recurring theme in the overall design focus is verticality. You can’t go wide or laterally spacious in heavily populated cities. Therefore the only way is to go upward and build a fully functioning three-story home. This is great for the millennials as they are the first generation to be predominantly in the middle class. While earning a good salary, more and more people can now afford bigger apartments while living and working in the capital. Thus the quality of interior design and decor must fill the additional room that is available.

Is this sustainable?

The question of whether this trend is sustainable is rather tricky to answer. For the majority of capitals, the central zones or heart of the city is where the majority of jobs and consumerism exist. Therefore if cities are going to become more and more populated, they will have to grow larger. This can only be done vertically up to a point. The outer edges will need to be constructed upon at a rapid rate to fulfil the demand for housing. The rival question for this theory would be whether there will be enough jobs to go around. Automation is mainstream now, right from large businesses to smaller enterprises. Productivity is a hot topic because employers want a single employee must become proficient enough to do twice the work of an employee a decade ago.

This conundrum could, in fact, balance out the situation. The need for housing will be balanced by the amount or cutting of jobs in the city. If this is so, it could have a wider impact throughout nations. Suddenly the capital city is to be demoted in importance because the majority of the population cannot stuff into one location and still live in a comfortable and stable environment. Other cities and towns across their respective countries will need to develop quicker and supply good paying jobs, sufficient housing and infrastructure needs.

The lure of the big city is always going to be a powerful and romantic dream to some people. The younger generation is becoming more middle class and thus expect to be living such a lifestyle. The attraction of living among history and where many cultural trends form and evolve makes many millennials feel at home in the capital of their respective nations. It seems like modern design companies are beginning to solve the issue of urban housing shortages. Their vertical-oriented designs and modern technological takes on interiors are creating comfort in more ways than one. However, if these large cities are going to be sustainable in their population growth, a great number of small and medium-sized businesses will need to be born every year.

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Student @ Advanced Digital Sciences Center, Singapore. Travelled to 30+ countries, passion for basketball.

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Culture and Lifestyle

DIY Bathroom Repairs Everyone Should Know

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They say “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it,” but if something is stuck or clogged, one should be on the know-how. Reaching almost a year since quarantine began, people have been spending longer than average locked inside their homes. With this, homes may have experienced more wear and tear than usual, especially bathrooms.

It can be frustrating to feel helpless when dealing with something as tedious as a leaky faucet, a broken toilet, or a clogged drain. Considering this, small do-it-yourself remedies may be resourceful. 

That began said, if challenges are too drastic, larger renovations may be in order. If that is the case, consider commercial bathroom renovations instead. 

For the meantime, these are some nice and easy-to-do remedies than can offer your bathroom a quick fix. 

Uncloging a Bathroom Drain

When taking a shower or washing your hands, having water rise from the drain is the least you would want. Slow bathroom drains are often caused by a build-up of soap-scum and hair. Many resort to using chemical drain cleansers to remedy this; however, these products carry toxic chemicals and can be ineffective at times. 

Instead, use a plastic hair snake. This product resembles a long zip-tie which can bend inside pipes to snag the accumulated gunk.

To begin, remove the drain stopper before inserting the wand. This will require unscrewing and disconnecting the stopper’s horizontal and vertical rods. After doing this, you may finally insert the snake. Once the cleaning process begins, beware: it’ll get gross. As a tip, try to girate or make sweeping motions with the snake in order to grab as much gunk as possible. 

Fixing a Broken Toilet

Dealing with a broken toilet can be a common issue. 

If the toilet won’t flush, check inside the it’s tank. To do so, remove the toilet’s rectangular lid; the lid can be found behind the toilet seat. Look for the chain which connects the flush lever to the plug at the bottom of the tank; the plug is also known as the flapper. If a toilet isn’t flushing, the likeliest answer is that the chain is disconnected from the lever. To resolve this, simply reattach the chain. 

Meanwhile, if water keeps on filling your toilet, it most likely means your toilet is flushing by itself. This isn’t good as it is wasteful. The likeliest reason would be that the toilet has a leaky flapper. To fix this, turn off the water valve from behind/ underneath your toilet. Flush your toilet until emptied. Check the flapper’s size and purchase another flapper. Brands do not matter as long as they match in size. Replace the old flapper with a new one, and voila! 

Replacing a Leaky Faucet

Fixing a leaky faucet often requires replacing the parts inside the handles. To do so, first turn off the hot and cold water valves. Doing this will help prevent any unwanted water geysers from jumping out of the faucet or handles. 

Once you’ve turned off the water valves, check if water is still trickling down. If so, rather than replacing the handles, this means your faucet is in need of a plumber. If it isn’t leaking, you may proceed. 

Pry off the handles and loosen the screws underneath. Once both items are removed, remove the top with an adjustable wrench and pull out all the parts. The best tip is to use needle nose pliers to do this. Head to a home improvement store and ask for help in searching for new replacements. To reassemble, repeat the steps in reverse and test the faucet.

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The 8 Best Christmas Movies to Watch with Your Family

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Movie with Friends

Christmas is the perfect time of year to get together with family and friends and spend as much time as possible with them, but it’s also a time to curl up on the couch and watch those Christmas movies we’ve seen a thousand times. Don’t know which one to choose, though? To inspire you over the next few days, we’ve created a top 8 Christmas movies list to watch with your loved ones during the incoming Christmas holidays. You can easily find them all online in platforms such as movie 4k, Netflix, Hulu or HBO.

Love Actually

One of the most romantic movies of recent times is also one of the most adorable Christmas films, so why not watch or the billionth time? In this movie, director Richard Curtis mixes 10 small love stories that at the beginning do not seem to have anywhing in common, but end up intertwined at the end. Apparently, as he didn’t have them all developed enough to make their own movies, he just left them as optimistic pills. They are very different stories -some euphoric, others tender, others surprising- but all of them to make you grab the handkerchief and want to wish Merry Christmas to the first person you come across.

Serendipity

Some may think that this is one of the most cheesy films in the history of cinema, but there is no denying that the chemistry between Kate Beckinsale and John Cusack is enormous. Serendipity’ is related to chance and the possibility of two people meeting over time and that’s what happens to Jonathan and Sara. The two meet in a department store while looking at a pair of wool gloves; they will connect in such a way that they are going to have a drink and skate to Central Park. When that ‘casual date’ is over, doubts will arise: to exchange the phone or not? To reveal their true identity or not? Destiny will play a key role in them.

Elf

The film follows the story of an abandoned baby who manages to slip into Santa’s sack and ends up at the North Pole. There, he will become one of the elves who help Santa make toys all year round. However, as soon as he learns that he is human, he will go to New York to look for his father. It’s not a masterpiece, but it’s definitely hilarious.

I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus

A classic among Christmas movies starring 90’s TV stars such as Connie Sellecca, Corbin Bersnen and Cole and Dylan Sprouse. The film shows how little Justin sees his mother kissing Santa Claus -and doesn’t recognize his father in the costume-, and he beleives that his mother’s affair is the prelude to their parents divorce, so he tries to keep Santa far away from the house with his bad behavior.

While you were sleeping

A classic romantic comedy that tells how Lucy, a subway ticket vendor, is in love with a man that she sees every morning catching a train. One day, he accidentlly falls on the track; she rescues him and, for some reason, she ends up pretending to be his girlfriend to his whole family. Everyone receives her with much affection except the brother of the victim, who did not buy her story.

Bridget Jones

A good dose of Bridget Jones never hurts anyone, not even at Christmas, and especially if you choose the first movie of the saga -since the second one wasn’t as good and the third and last wasn’t successful at all. Renée Zellwegger brings to life the most clumsy journalist in history who struggles between two men: Daniel Cleaver or Mark Darcy, an old friend of her family who seems a dull, boring guy, but also charming and caring.

Home Alone

Just in case you missed the huge cultural phenomenon that was John Hughes’ big Christmas movie, it needed to be on this list. Starring Macauly Culkin, it tells the story of a young boy who is forgotten at home when his family leaves to Paris to spend the holidays. While the parents try to come back for him, the boy ends up having to defend his home from thieves who are determined to celebrate their own Christmas party by robbing everything in the house.

It’s a wonderful life

Only a director as skilled as Frank Capra could turn a film about a suicidal man into a Christmas classic. Jimmy Stewart leads the cast as George Bailey, a guy who plans to end it all until an angel named Clarence shows him what his life (and that of all his neighbours in Bedford Falls) would be like without him. In a story taken directly from Dickens, it turns out that George has a much bigger impact than he thought.

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Try These Tips out to Simplify Your Everyday Life

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Everyday life naturally has a way of getting complicated, and spiralling out of control in one way or another.

Especially if you are an ambitious person and want to achieve the most you possibly can in your professional life, while also having a lively and uplifting personal life, it can be very difficult to avoid the experience of being drowned in excessive complexity from time to time.

The thing is, there are many downsides to excessive complexity in your everyday life, ranging from significantly increased stress levels, to a real difficulty with regards to being able to effectively juggle assorted projects and responsibilities.

Try these tips to simplify your everyday life.

Declutter your home and make sure everything has a place

A lot of excess complexity can sneak into your life via a cluttered home, where things just naturally feel overwhelming because of the fact that your mind and attention are constantly drawn to the chaotic nature of your living environment.

There are many different potential benefits to decluttering your home, but one of the key benefits that various home tidying gurus and productivity experts praise about the act of decluttering, is that it helps promote a state of mental tranquillity, focus, and an overall reduced sense of complexity.

So, do what you can to declutter your home and make sure that everything has a place. Contact e-waste recyclers, load bags of clothes to donate to charity shops, and do whatever else you need to do in order to begin simplifying your life and your mindset by simplifying your home environment.

Identify one or two big goals to work towards, and put the rest aside for later

Most of us have all sorts of different dreams, projects, and potential goals that we would hypothetically like to explore and devote our time and attention to, at some point or another over the course of our lives.

Unfortunately, however, trying to juggle too many goals at once is usually a recipe for stress and failure – not to mention a sense of overwhelming complexity, as we are constantly trying to figure out the best way to allocate our time and energy to the various projects we want to make headway on.

One of the best ways of simplifying your life and of focusing your energy, is to identify just one or two big goals to work towards at any given time, and put the rest aside for later.

Do your most important tasks at the start of each day

“Analysis paralysis” is a very real phenomenon, and it tends to occur when we have too many different options at our disposal, and have to try and figure out how best to juggle a variety of factors – such as where to fit in the different tasks and chores that we are committed to each day.

A great simplicity-boosting exercise here is to always do your most important task at the start of each day. That way, everything else is more or less a nice optional extra, and stress decreases dramatically.

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