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Broadband Penetration and Average Speed; East Beats West

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Broadband is the necessity of the modern world. It lets you connect to the virtual world even faster, you do your job faster and it helps you save your time. High speed internet with the help of broadband has not only made the experience on internet faster but also more content and feature rich. It wouldn’t have been possible to watch a high quality video documentary on YouTube seamlessly ten years back.

In the year 1997, the cable modem was introduced. Until at least 2001, it wasn’t very common due to its high cost. By 2004, people realized the convenience of using high speed internet, it had become very common in the average households in the United States and in the rest of the world. Almost immediately after two years, broadband started gaining popularity in developing countries like India as well with state run BSNL and MTNL using their existing landlines to provide high speed internet up to 256Kbps.

Since 2004, broadband has come a long way. In terms of speed and cost, many developing countries are leaving the developed countries like UK and US in the dust. To cite an example, according to a survey done by an IT company Akamai, the average broadband speed in UK is 6.3Mbps compared to 6.4Mbps in Romania. Among the G20 nations, the UK generates the largest amount of money online, still the speed of download in the country is 16th slowest in Europe.

When I was in UK, I owned a BT broadband connection. The connection was lightning fast at 16Mbps, much faster than the average UK broadband speed. The connection cost me £16 for unlimited broadband excluding the line rental of £15.45 per month. I got extra benefits like Sainsbury’s gift card worth £25, weekend calls and free sports channels on TV.

When I came to India I did not expect similar speed on broadband and at much cheaper price! In Bangalore 16Mbps Airtel connection cost me ₹1500 (£16.6) including line rental and a free Wi-Fi router and 20 hours of free calls per month. You do not need to hang-up every hour like you need to do for unlimited and weekend calls in the UK. The internet connection did not include TV, which was one disadvantage. The service providers do offer Direct to home satellite TV services, but they have not merged their services to provide a complete package. Also the download had a limit of 80GB but after that you can download unlimited at the lower speed of 512Kbps, I could never consume 80GB hence I experienced seamless fast internet without any problem throughout the month.

BT Group of the UK, which has a network reaching almost every household in the country, is laying fibre to cabinets in the streets. However, they are still relying on conventional copper wires to carry the broadband signal to the doorstep from the streets. This means that if 1,000Mbps or more is supported by the fibre optics, at the end of the day the copper wires to home will only be able to carry 80Mbps speed.

Average broadband speed by country
Image by Akamai

When it comes to the network speed, east clearly beats the west. The tech savvy Asian population in South Korea (15.7Mbps), Japan (10.9Mbps) and Hong Kong (9.3Mbps) have occupied the top three positions in the list of fastest average internet speed by country.

Rank
Country
Fixed Broadband Subscriptions
Percentage of Population
Year
1
China
126,337,000
9.42
2010
2
United States
85,723,155
27.62
2010
3
Japan
34,044,729
26.91
2010
4
Germany
26,089,800
31.70
2010
5
France
21,345,000
34.00
2010
6
United Kingdom
19,579,823
31.56
2010
7
South Korea
17,193,570
35.68
2010
8
Russia
15,700,000
10.98
2010
9
India
15,010,000
1.23
2013
10
Brazil
13,266,310
6.81
2010

When it comes to number of subscription, BRIC nations manage to come at the top 10 positions challenging the developed countries. China sits at the top, and Russia, India and Brazil occupy the 8th, 9th and 10th position respectively.

However, when it comes to rate of broadband penetration, BRIC nations do really badly, especially India, the Information Technology hub of the world, with only 1.23% of its population connected to the high speed internet. Russia is doing relatively better than other BRIC nations with 10.98%.

Many governments in Asia have made Internet development as a national goal on priority, which has resulted South Korea becoming the hub of online streaming and online gaming which requires high bandwidth. Just like how in Europe Latvia and Romania do wonders, we may expect India and China doing the same in Asia, which have massive population working in Information Technology services and Software Development.

Student @ Advanced Digital Sciences Center, Singapore. Travelled to 30+ countries, passion for basketball.

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How to plan the best Ibiza party

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Ibiza is the party capital of the world. In the beautiful Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean sea, the island vibes and gorgeous weather has hundreds of thousands of visitors flocking to the island every year ready to relax, unwind and in many cases party hard.

VIP night in London Barcelone MArbella ibiza

This is why Ibiza is a fantastic place to host the event to end all events, but with so many parties to choose from on the island, how do you get people to yours? Here are some hints and tips to get you started when planning your first Ibiza event.

First things first – set a budget

Amazing parties do not just happen. They need time, a lot of effort and planning, and be prepared to invest a little money in the party.

It is important not to underestimate the budget you will need. Do your research in relation to how much everything will cost, from licences if you need them, staff to run security and provide drinks and food, a DJ, rental of important equipment and the hire of the venue itself.

It can soon add up. You should also allocate some funds towards marketing the event if you want people to book a ticket or simply turn up. Whether you are printing publicity material, or promoting via social media and online, it will cost money.

Choose a venue that will blow people away

For any Ibiza party planner the first thing you have to do is choose a venue, and the more spectacular or unusual the better. You want your guest to walk in an say wow, and be talking about it with all their friends for years afterwards.

When choosing a venue you need to consider the logistics first. First consider how many attendees you are expecting. If it is a more intimate gathering of around 20 to 50 people, then there are many gorgeous villas to choose from.

Or you might want something a little more grand if you are expecting several hundred like a beach party. Talk to the various venues available to hire. Make sure that they are open to your hosting a party at their location, and be conscious of local laws and the neighbours especially of you want to have live or amplified music at the party and the intention is to keep it going long into the night. Or even until the sunrises – this is Ibiza after all, the party capital of the world.

Also consider location in terms of accessibility. Is it easy to get to and find? How will people get home at the end of the night? Much of Ibiza is spread across the island so if taxis are involved you might need to let some of the taxi companies know that you will need a lot of taxis on the night you choose. Also consider other elements of the party. For example you can’t host a pool party without a pool, and if you are serving food, what facilities are there for preparing it.  

Get the sound and lighting right

Lighting can make a huge difference to the atmosphere of a party, particularly at night and especially if you are intending to have professional filming if you want to create promotional videos for future parties.

Think about the atmosphere you want to create, is it something subtle, or a lighting spectacular? The most simple space can be utterly transformed by lighting and this is no area to cut costs, it is likely you will need lighting equipment hire Ibiza, as buying it yourself really will blow the budget.

Are you thinking of pyrotechnics, LED displays, lasers or dry ice. Then the best option is to hire what you need for the event. A good hire company will also be able to provide all the rigging you will need too, delivered, installed and dismantled by professionals.

The second major piece of electronics that you have to get right is the sound system, especially for a music event. Consider sound system hire Ibiza for everything from PA systems to advanced mixing desks for live events and concerts.

Looking after your guests with the best service

You’ve gone to all the trouble of setting up the most amazing venue, the entertain is going to be fantastic, the marketing has got people to turn up – the last thing you want is for the event not to meet expectations.

You need to have a plan for how you will look after your guests after they arrive.

One of the most important aspects, especially for large crowds is the toilets. You do not want half your guests in a queue for the toilet all night. You also do not want those toilets to immediately become disgusting because you haven’t got enough for the number of people. So make sure you have that covered.

You also need to work out the bar, any VIP area and catering options if you are providing them. You want your guests to feel comfortable at all times, and not leaving because they are hungry or thirsty.

Finally, the most important aspect – the people. When you hire staff for the night, as security, runners, bar staff, cleaners, remember that they will be representing you and they need to have a positive attitude when it comes to looking after your guests. This can make all the difference between a smooth running amazing event, and one that very quickly turns into chaos.

It can sometimes feel a bit daunting when planning your first event, especially if you have never done it before. There are a lot of moving parts, and your organisational skills need to be incredible to avoid the pitfalls of a failed event. But don’t let that put you off. It might even be worth calling in a professional Ibiza event agency, so that you can have a little peace of mind in the planning and also rely on their expertise in event planning and the local area. You can then concentrate more on having a good time and enjoying the show rather than run yourself ragged on the night.

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6 reasons why you are not getting a good paint finish on your model car

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car paint

Painting model cars is a great pastime for a rainy afternoon, and there is something so satisfying about seeing the final results of your careful efforts.

But what if the final finish isn’t what you expected? Any small blemish can be enough to ruin the model, and while no-one else will be able to see it, it will be the one thing your eyes are always drawn to. Here are some reasons you might not be getting the imperfection free finish you had hoped for.

1. There is dust or grease on your model

Is is so important to properly clean your model first. Even fresh out of the packet there can be traces of dust or residue from the manufacturing process, and this can have disastrous effects on the ability of the paint to adhere to the model properly.

Use warm soapy water for the cleaning, and a microfiber cloth that is less likely to leave behind fibers and make sure you dry it thoroughly. It is important that your workspace is equally as clean, tidy and dust free as possible.

2. You are not using a primer

For the best finish you simply have to use a primer. The best model car airbrush paints are solvent based and the primer seals the plastic and gives the surface something for the paint to adhere to.

The primer will also usually include a microfiller that will cover small scratches or dents, without affecting the design detail. It means the paint will adhere properly regardless of whether the base material is plastic, resin or metal. Apply in thin layers, preferably with an airbrush for the best results and allow to dry properly.

3. You are not using the right paints

You need to make sure you are using a solvent based, base coat lacquer paint, like Gravity Colors. The paint should have a fast drying time to stop dust sticking to the wet paint, be made to resist fading and be pre-thinned for airbrush use so you don’t have to worry about getting the consistency right.

You also want to make sure that you are choosing the right replica colours for the make and model you are trying to replicate, and if you are opting for metallic paints, you want the metal flakes to be to scale, or it will not look right in the finish.

4. You are not cleaning your airbrush properly

This is absolutely key, especially when working between primer and paint, or between paint colours.

You need to clean your airbrush with acetone or nitrocellulose thinner, and for the best cleaning of the parts of the brush try an ultrasonic cleaner.

5. You are applying paint too thickly

The colour needs to be applied thinly, and then working up to thicker coats. It is really important to get to know your airbrush and how to adjust the flow of paint. Practice a few times away from the model.

Thicker spray has a tendency to make the paint run which can be very unsightly and difficult to rectify. It is also best to have the model on a stand that you can easily rotate in order to get even coverage with each layer. Don’t forget you can always hand paint in the trickier parts rather than repeatedly air spraying.

You also need this stage to dry properly too, it can take as long as 48 hours before you can move to the next stage.

6. You aren’t applying the clear top coat properly

The top coat is very much the part that will complete the model. It will take it from semi-matt to a high gloss you see on full size cars.

You need to apply the first coating as a fine mist. This will give the model a matt appearance, but this is ok. After 10 minutes, then apply the top coat properly so until you can see the glossy finish.

It won’t be perfect yet, that happens as the gloss cures. Once dry it will have smoothed out complete. After 48 hours you will then be able to polish it up and the gloss will have set rock hard. Don’t forget to clean your airbrush right away.

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Hooks for industry – what do you need to know

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Construction Machine

In construction, we often find ourselves faced with the need to lift or move very heavy materials and, to this end, the role played by cranes is fundamental.

It should not be forgotten that in order to operate a crane it is essential to be in possession of a crane operators licence and, to do so, it is necessary to be over 18 years of age, pass a medical examination, have a compulsory secondary education diploma, pass a theoretical-practical course given by professionals in the sector, as well as concluding this training with a final examination.

One of the main parts of a crane is the hook, which makes it easier to hook heavy parts safely.

It is important to emphasize that the hooking of these materials must be carried out correctly following an exhaustive protocol since the detachment of these materials can cause very serious and even lethal damage and injuries. This is why these hooks require periodic revisions to check the conditions in which they are, since if they show deterioration or possible cracks, it would be necessary to replace the hook since it is not possible to work with damaged hooks.

The construction sector is very important all over the world, especially for all kinds of commercial and personal projects. The machine par excellence to carry out a work of great calibre is the crane, thanks to all the benefits and advantages that it leaves with it, such as the speed and the possibility of moving heavier elements thanks to the crane hook.

As in everything else, there are different more specific equipment depending on the type of material to be used and the size of the load itself. Therein lies the importance of the hook, which is in charge of ensuring that this material can reach its destination in the best possible way and without causing accidents along the way.

It is the companies contracted for the construction of the infrastructure themselves that are in charge of renting this type of vehicle or, in some cases, if they already have their own, they can save a large amount of money. The heaviest ones can even exceed 40 tons in weight.

What kind of materials can they transport? From pictures, screens, lifts, air conditioning and even essential elements for the assembly or disassembly of various heavy objects, which humans can not manipulate by their own.

However, not everything is as simple as having one of these machines and getting into the cabin. The engineer who is responsible for driving it must be well prepared and have advanced knowledge of what he is doing. No one wants all the work to be thrown overboard by one simple mistake, hence the importance of this person.

In the same way, the fact that all the contracted team is made up of professionals can reduce both the risks and the total costs that are going to be carried out and, if all this were not enough, you will also be making sure that the machinery will be handled successfully and the final work will obtain a better result.

The expert gets a very clear function, review the existing working conditions and know what kind of equipment and material is necessary to meet the needs of the client.

It should not be forgotten that in order to operate a crane it is essential to be in possession of a crane operators licence and, to do so, it is necessary to be over 18 years of age, pass a medical examination, have a compulsory secondary education diploma, pass a theoretical-practical course given by professionals in the sector, as well as concluding this training with a final examination.

Other option is the Elebia auto hooks for industry, that is the automatic hook. This is an innovative hook. It is a device that allows unloading remotely without the need for manual presence of any operator. It has a magnet, sibil lock, which blocks the rotating part avoiding the possibility of loosening.

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