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Many were horrified with the fallout from Flint, Michigan. What stunned the nation so much are the youngest victims and the families who have forever been altered. At the heart of the lead contamination of waterways in Flint might not just be poor planning and resources. Some are insisting that it might be more about civil rights and a systematic racism at play than about any municipal failure.

Civil rights water contaminatin

According to the Michigan Civil Rights Commission and a civil rights attorney, the contaminated water systems of the city are deeply rooted in historical racism that continues to plague America. A public health catastrophe of grand proportions, it is unfortunately not the first time that this type of widespread fallout has befallen poor neighbourhoods in America.

The report calls not just for major changes to be made in operational procedures for the downtown area, but also for a Truth and Reconciliation Commission fashioned after one used in South Africa when the government was trying to do away with apartheid and rebuild government trust. On the same scale of credibility, Michigan residents no longer believe that the government or its employees care about their well-being or address their needs.

The Commission calls for Rick Snyder, Governor of Michigan, to devise a cabinet to delve into the implicit bias that exists in Flint, and to require all agencies within the state, including the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Environmental Quality, to do the same. 

The hope is that organizations will tackle the prejudice that exists in operations around the Michigan area, specifically in the poorer communities. The Commission insists that a systematic change is needed to influence the way that decisions are made to help the disadvantaged communities of Flint so that they are given the same opportunities, services, and safety assurances as other areas and big cities in Michigan.

Specifically, the Commission calls for a locally-elected official who is given a state-appointed managerial position to make decisions about the community. That official is to report to an emergency manager, who is elected directly by the governor instead of the state treasurer. That way, the person who is responsible for choosing the official is elected into office and has accountability for their appointment to the communities they serve.

The belief is that the same contamination and cover-up would never have happened in a more affluent part of Michigan, like Ann Arbor. The 135-page report outlines how the incident occurred specifically because the surrounding community was occupied by poorer residents, predominantly African American individuals. The report maintains that Flint is tantamount to segregation, and therefore the problems experienced in the community should be tackled in the same manner as breaking up South African apartheid.

The Commission found that the residents of Flint were subjected to hardship and harm that was the result of systematic and structural discrimination at a government level, not just a mistake made by a careless municipality. When you have poor neighbourhoods that aren’t privy to the same rights and safety, what results is water pipes that leak lead and other harmful contaminants into the water.

It also leads to fewer jobs, fewer retail establishments, and fewer opportunities that only further perpetuate the poor conditions experienced in Flint. The residents of Flint were not afforded the same protections as other residents of Michigan simply because of the colour of their skin and the size of their bank accounts.

There is no doubt that a lot of trust has been lost and will have to be built back up. That won’t happen overnight or with the same system of protections, environmental and otherwise being the structure of Flint Michigan. If Michigan residents are ever going to feel safe and have faith in the government who they look to for help, there is going to have to be some real change made at all levels. 

Flint is a city known for hard times and bad fortune. Once it was one of the most affluent cities in the US, thanks to automobile manufacturing, but when the plants went away they took the affluence with them. What remained was people without jobs and no one looking out for them, and just as the city was making a resurgence, here is another catastrophe that will have to be rebuilt one brick at a time. A change has to start with trust and assurances that the colour of your skin doesn’t define your worth.

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Student @ Advanced Digital Sciences Center, Singapore. Travelled to 30+ countries, passion for basketball.

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Why is vintage trendy?

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vintage clothing woman

Vintage clothes are trendy, it’s an undeniable fact. They are at least 20 years old, and they arouse the interest of fashion lovers in an a truly spectacular way. There are different kinds of vintage clothing. On one hand, there are pieces which were made around 20 years ago. And on the other hand, there are new pieces which are inspired by clothes from past times and have a retro look. The Vintage Collection is a great example of how vintage clothing remains as a trend. Pieces that look antique but that are actually new and appealing.

One of the hits of vintage clothing is that many wardrobes from the past have been recovered. Pieces found in cellars and storerooms of thousands of houses which have been worn only once and now seem to be forgotten. All of these pieces can be worn again as if we were talking about brand-new clothing. It’s a new life for old clothes that make us create amazing outfits nowadays.

Recovering old pieces

Recovering old pieces to get that vintage look as a trend, and not only because of what we previously said. It allows us bring back forgotten pieces, but it also enables us to check out our mother’s closet, and even our grandma’s in order to revive breathtaking dresses.

In other words, by taking a look at those wardrobes which were left behind some time ago, we are going to be able to get ideal clothing to wear at different times. These wardrobes store not only summer, but winter clothing as well, so we are certainly going to find something vintage and stunning for any time of the year.

Get pieces at wonderful prices

One of the biggest advantages, which is key of getting a vintage look, is that vintage clothing can also be found at competitive prices. As they are mostly pieces that have been already worn we can find them at amazing prices. Despite being second-hand clothing, we need to keep in mind that these clothes pass an exhaustive inspection process to guarantee each piece has the optimum conditions to be worn.

Additionally, we have to consider that vintage clothes are also part of new collections with new pieces based on designs and looks of other times. But we are not only talking only about new pieces, we are also talking about old pieces from the past that have never been worn and can be worn for the first time as if they were brand new. These new second-hand pieces are found in wardrobes, and in many cases they are taken to specialized stores that collect brand-new real-vintage pieces because there are many people in this world who buy clothes and haven’t worn them not even once.

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Do No Harm: 5 Reasons You May Want to Speak to an Attorney Regarding a Malpractice Suit

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Have you suffered negative effects from recent medical treatment? Filing and pursuing a medical malpractice lawsuit can become very complicated. Here’s why you should consult with an attorney regarding your medical malpractice lawsuit before you proceed.

  1. There is a time limit

The statute of limitations sets a time limit as to how long you have after the negligent incident occurred to file a lawsuit seeking damages. An attorney will know the medical malpractice statute of limitations in your state (usually 1 to 3 years) and whether your case presents an exception. For example, while the date of the negligent incident is usually taken as the “start date,” your case might qualify for the “discovery rule” which sets the date to whenever you discovered the negligence.

  1. Laws differ by state

It’s not just the statute of limitations that varies by state. The laws may also differ as to what injuries you can claim for, who can be held responsible and how much you can be awarded as compensation. A malpractice attorney who is licensed in the state in which the incident occurred would be able to provide you with details on these. He or she would be able to draw on their knowledge of the state’s laws and experience gained working on previous malpractice cases.

  1. Complex legal procedures

Malpractice attorneys know that no two cases are exactly alike. For instance, some cases may require that you first produce a certificate of merit before proceeding with a lawsuit. This is a legal document signed by a doctor or other medical professional, stating that your injuries resulted from the negligence for which you are seeking damages. Some states may require that your claim first be examined by a medical review board and others may require you to go through alternative dispute resolution (ADR) before filing a lawsuit.

  1. Determining the damages

Not every bad outcome from medical treatment necessarily means you have a viable malpractice case. Malpractice attorneys know this and can give you advice on which damages apply in your case. Damages in medical malpractice lawsuits usually fall into the categories of physical, emotional, psychological and financial. There are also cases in which the resulting injury is actually death of the patient. In these instances, bereaved family members should engage a lawyer for wrongful death from medical malpractice.

  1. Determining who to sue

Quite often, we tend to only think of the actions of doctors when it comes to medical malpractice. In fact, there several other persons who might be held accountable when a patient suffers from negligence. These include nurses, aides, pharmacists and pharmaceutical companies, as well as the hospital in which the negligence occurred. An attorney can provide guidance on who is responsible and who you can sue to recover damages for your injuries.

A medical malpractice lawsuit can help you receive compensation for negligence you have suffered. It may take the help of a qualified and experience malpractice attorney, however, to ensure you get all the compensation you deserve.

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Knowing the Law Helps: 7 Facts About Auto Accidents and Your Rights

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Car Accident

In the United States alone, 2.35 million people are injured in car crashes each year. Crashes are a $230.6 billion dollar cost to the U.S. economy, averaging about $820 dollars per person. Out of those incidents, only a handful of individuals are provided with legal coverage that is sustainable.

Unfortunately, many are unaware of their personal rights when it comes to car accidents. Personal injury attorneys are professional and educated sources that are determined to make sure you have access to the rights you deserve. Have you been involved in an auto crash recently and want to know your rights? Knowing and understanding the law can help ease the pain of a recent crash and help prepare for the future.

1. Seek Medical Attention

Unfortunately, the adrenaline and anxiety associated with auto crashes often cloud out the importance of self-care. Although you may be worrying about insurance policies, your car damage and possible legal implications, your health should come first. Many insurance companies won’t even consider a possible payout if you didn’t consult a physician post-accident.

Often times, the side effects of even minor injuries gradually occur over time, as the adrenaline from the crash can easily hide surprising amounts of pain. By making your health a top priority, you are saving yourself from a lifetime of pain. In addition, taking those extra steps provides documented support that you are attempting to take care of your potential injuries immediately.

In some cases, seeking treatment after the fact can reflect badly on your case, so it is important to go as soon as possible. There are state-to-state time frame regulations that state how long you have to seek medical attention for your accident.

2. Follow the Necessary Regulations

Often times, many car accidents go unreported due to various factors. However, if you are involved in an auto crash, it’s imperative that you report the incident to the police immediately. They are able to provide adequate support and validity should your accident need legal attention.

If police officers are unresponsive, take the necessary initiative and report the accident to a local fire station. They can also provide you with the necessary documents to prove that you take the legal process seriously.

3. Consult with A Lawyer Prior to Insurance Companies

It is important to consult with your insurance company directly after an accident so as to report the damage. However, many insurance companies are seeking a personal payout for their company. They tend to offer the least amount of settlement money so as to keep the remainder.

Do not accept initial settlement offers from insurance companies. Instead, consult with a personal injury attorney who knows the law and can navigate the system accurately. They are able to deliver your options in a clear and concise manner while consulting with you about your legal rights.

4. Keep Your Records and Remain Organized

Many people stray away from taking photos or even taking personal accounts from eyewitnesses. Although you may be focused on possible injury and potential damage, utilize your resources and document the scene. Although first responders are here to help, they may be too busy with their procedures to document small factors.

Take photos of your car and even record witness statements. You want to have all of your ducks in a row prior to consulting with an attorney. This gives them an adequate amount of information to work with when reporting to insurance companies and fighting for your rights.

It is also important to document all visits to specialists and doctors so as to show your commitment. Keeping track of all costs and correspondence can help your lawyer fight for your case. Make your health a priority and attend all follow-ups and doctor visits. This will show insurance companies that you are serious about getting well. Missing appointments only gives insurance companies a greater reason to deny your claim.

5. Understand Your States Lawsuit Policies

Certain states have different time limits when filing a lawsuit. Some requirements are four years while others only last around six months. It’s important to understand your state’s time frame and oblige. Understanding the rights and auto accident requirements of your personal statement will help to make the process seamless. Filing a claim after the allotted time period can result in missed opportunities for coverage.

6. Don’t Vocalize Speculations

After an auto accident, it’s human nature to place blame or even accidentally admit fault in the heat of the moment. It’s important when asked to record a statement to simply state the facts. If you accidentally speculate or even admit guilt, your words can be held against you when police officers file the report.

If you speculate, your insurance company may hold out on payout or even dramatically decrease the amount. It’s key to never admit fault and allow the scene investigators to handle the reports. This will save your lawyer a lot of time and clean up should your case go to the court level.

7. Personal Injury Attorneys Are Here to Help

Many people may fear to hire an attorney like those at The McMahan Law Firm due to personal perceptions or even fear of costly appointments. However, it is necessary though, to hire a personal injury attorney as they understand the law. They know the in’s and out’s of the legal system and work to place your rights on the forefront. They are able to consult with insurance companies seamlessly and on a professional level to give you the help and payoff you deserve. In addition, many personal injury attorneys don’t require you to pay for the work they do on the case. Rather, they will take a portion of the settlement after the case is won. This saves you the stress of having to deal with possible injury, car issues, and financial instability.

When facing personal injury lawsuits due to an auto accident, there are various details to consider. Having to deal with injuries, medical bills, and pesky insurance companies are overwhelming to the untrained person. Through trained professionals and educational consultations, you are able to receive the payout you deserve.

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