Being the president of the world’s largest economy, Donald Trump is considered to be the most influential person when it comes to financial markets. Whatever policy changes were taken by Trump Administration during the last two months has had substantial effects on the equity and Forex currency markets. Trump promised during his campaign to increase infrastructure spending, introduce tax reforms and to slash regulations that were killing jobs. He wants to boost production in the US through tax subsidies for local businesses and increase consumerism. Forex market analysts have argued that Trump’s pro-growth policies will be a key driver for volatility in global FX markets going forward.
Trump’s disruptive immigration policies like the temporary travel ban imposed on Seven Muslim majority nations and his controversial comments on social media have put global equity and FX markets in a tailspin. For example, his comments about the withdrawal of US from the Trans-Pacific Partnership caused a huge impact on many of the Asian currencies like CNY and JPY. Since US Dollar is considered the global reserve currency, any changes in Fed policy like interest rate hike or tax reforms will have a notable impact on major currencies like EUR, GBP, CNY, CAD and JPY. The most affected currencies due to Trump’s policy changes are of the emerging markets such as Mexican peso, Turkish lira and South African rand. Trump’s controversial tweets targeting various Corporates or entire nations have impacted major currencies in a big way. Trump’s Twitter account has more than 18.8 million followers and is a major driving factor for investor sentiments across the globe. The below table illustrates the Trump effect on major currencies between US elections held on Nov 8th, 2016 and Jan 5th, 2017.
|Currency||% Change (vs. USD)|
The US Dollar index enjoyed substantial rally since Trump’s surprise victory in November elections and reached its 14-year high of 103.820 on Jan 3. The notable surge in US dollar was mainly due to the protectionist growth policies of the new President. But the greenback dipped by 3 per cent from its January 3 high after Trump raised a red flag over a strong dollar to the Wall Street Journal. He felt that Dollar was “too strong” for US companies to compete in global trade with their Chinese counterparts. He also blamed countries like China, Japan and Germany for manipulating currencies to get a trade benefit over the US. The remarks made by Trump over China and other nations in media resulted in the weakening of US dollar which Trump feels will favour US exports and boost manufacturing. It also led to the strengthening of Japanese Yen which is considered as a safe haven by currency traders. The US dollar dropped 0.6% against Japanese Yen to 111.95 Yen due to the uncertainty prevailing around trade policies by Trump. As a Forex trader, you should make use of real time trading charts and technical indicators to predict the future trends of currency movements, which will help you to make well-informed trading decisions.
Forex investors are eagerly awaiting Trump’s address to the US Congress on Feb 28th regarding changes in the monetary policy and possible corporate tax cuts. Trump Administration’s reflationary policies so far have had a positive impact on the US dollar and equities. The financial markets are interested to know about the tax reforms that will be proposed by Trump during his address to the Congress on Tuesday. The disruptive border adjustment tax that is under consideration by the Republican government under Trump aims at increasing taxes for imports and subsidises exports to boost manufacturing in the US. Russia has been on the positive side of Trump so far since he feels it’s a protectionist country which does not pose any threat to U.S. jobs. Hence, Russian Ruble has had a positive impact and has grown by 7.7% against U.S dollar.
Besides his proposal to build a wall between the US and Mexico, Trump has frequently opposed the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) during his campaign and wanted to restrict imports from Mexico and China by increasing the import tariffs. He promised to raise taxes for imports from Mexico and China by 35% and 45% respectively to reduce the imports from these countries. Such remarks have resulted in a considerable impact on both Chinese Yuan and Mexican Peso against the US dollar. Since Mexico is one of the biggest exporters to the US with more than 80.3% of its goods sent across border tax-free, scrapping of NAFTA and the introduction of new tariffs based on the proposed border tax reforms will have a great impact on the Mexican peso. His tweets have already weakened the Mexican peso against U.S dollar. It reached record lows of 21.619 when he criticised General Motors for exporting cars made in Mexico to the United States with the below Tweet. Ford motors also cancelled its production of $1.6 billion plant in Mexico in line with Trump’s policies to make in the USA.
“General Motors is sending Mexican made model of Chevy Cruze to U.S. car dealers-tax free across the border. Make in U.S.A.or pay big border tax!”
The dollar tumbled against Japanese Yen and moved below 113.00 due to the uncertainty prevailing around the tax reforms to be proposed by Trump during his address to Congress and possible interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve. Steven Mnuchin, U.S. Treasury Secretary under Trump Administration, stated that lot of work is to be done towards tax reforms, which would encourage inflation and push US interest rates higher. He also added that the impact of the new government’s pro-growth policies is unlikely to be seen this year.
Trump has pointed out several times that fiscal debts are getting beyond control and he wants significant changes in the Fed policy. This could mean the reversal of Quantitative Easing and an increase in interest rates which will result in a strong dollar. There are possibilities that Trump might even appoint a new chair to Federal Reserve who will do whatever he says. If there is any announcement of interest rate hikes by US Federal Reserve during the upcoming FOMC meeting in March, we can expect a surge in US dollar once again, and this will have a negative impact on other currencies like Chinese Yuan, Japanese Yen, Euro and Mexican Peso. We can expect a lot of fluctuations in the currency markets based on Trump’s trade agenda and as a Forex trader, you should start considering about investing in Forex binary options to increase your returns.
Important Calculations for Property Investment
Property investment can be a daunting prospect, even for those experienced investors. Therefore, it is important to make sure your numbers add up. Follow these crucial calculations to discover the potential of your property and how profitable it can be in the future.
Return on Investment (ROI)
Strong returns are one of the biggest indicators to a successful property investment. The larger the return, the more profitable the property has become. Return on investment is a way of working out how much money you have made, compared with the money you have put in. A simple calculation is the annual profit minus any costs divided by how much money you have started with. To put this into numbers:
Annual rent: £5000
Annual costs: £2000
Purchase Price: £200,000
Mortgage use: £75,000
Cash Invested: £25,000
£3000 ÷ £25000 = 0.12. So, return on investment is 12%.
ROI highlights how effectively an investment is being used to generate profits.
Stamp duty refers to a land tax that is important to consider when purchasing property. In 2014, stamp duty on property purchases was reformed by the government. From April 2016 a 3% stamp duty surcharge was applied to the purchases of additional buy to let property and similarly, the same rate applied for those who purchase a second home. Thereafter stamp duty rates are applied in thresholds. To work out how much stamp duty you should pay on the purchase of your property visit the RW Invest stamp duty calculator.
Capital appreciation refers to the percentage that your property increases over a period of time, helping you to figure out when is best to sell. It occurs when the property invested commands a higher price in the market than originally paid, it allows you to work out how much potential there is to obtain high profits.
In order to work out the levels of capital appreciation, firstly you need to know what the average growth rate in the property’ location, however this would still only be an estimate. There are many contributing factors that affect capital appreciation from advancements in infrastructure and improvements to existing transport links, population growth, and increasing demand for the chosen area. Not one single factor can be seen as an indicator of capital appreciation therefore you must research forthcoming plans in an area in order to gauge the strength of its growth.
Gross Rental Yields
Rental yields are one of the biggest indicators to the amount of returns you are expecting to receive. It is an essential calculation for working out how much income you can make from your property, not including the capital growth. To calculate rental yields, take an annual income and divide it by the purchase price of the property. RW Invest, property investment specialists offer some of the best buy to let properties in the UK, securing competitive rental yields as high as 9%. The higher the rental yield, the quicker your investment will pay for itself.
Let take a closer look at the breakdown,
Annual Rental Income: £6000
Purchase Price: £100,000
£6000 ÷ £100,000 = 0.06
Rental yield= 6%
If you are purchasing a property in the UK from overseas, it is imperative that you figure out the current exchange rate as this can largely affect your property purchase price. Exchange rates are easy to find online, but to be sure to keep a close eye on them as they tend to regularly fluctuate. Savvy investors often get the best deal possible on their property investment, providing the exchange rate has been researched properly.
In property, every little thing matters, as the tiniest faults could be detrimental to a prosperous long-term future. This is a key skill for property investors to make sure an investment is worthwhile. Taking all calculations into account can allow you to plan and make executive decisions.
Strategies to boost your return on investment
Return on investment is the annual profit, minus income costs, generated by an asset, divided by the total cash you’ve put in. This sum looks simple and easy to use. However, it is important to take into consideration a number of variables. Expenses must be considered such as unexpected repairs or regular maintenance works, also take into consideration your financing method. Have you used a mortgage?
If you have bought a property without a mortgage, using your own money only, the net yields and the return on investment would be the same, as you are putting in the full purchase price. However, if you are purchasing with a mortgage, the figures may look slightly different.
A tedious debate that has emerged in property is how you should accurately calculate the return on investment. What costs should be accounted for? On the whole, everyone has their own ideas of what allowance for maintenance and voids should be included. Being consistent is key, as you can then compare different properties with each other.
Returns can include increased profits and reduced expenses. If you clearly define goals from the outset, and set as many quantifying benchmarks as possible, you will be able to create a more prosperous strategy to hopefully maximise your return on investment. Before you set out on your investment journey, it is important to note that offering a higher return may come with a higher risk. You should outline how much risk you are willing to take on.
Make sure your property is ready to rent
One of the easiest ways to maximise your return on investment is by making it rent ready before marketing. Ensuring the premises is ready and clean, fresh paint, clean carpets and working appliances must work, and all necessary repairs and maintenance should be complete. Purchasing property from experienced property companies like RW Invest guarantee your property is 100% ready for new tenants moving into the premises. Ensuring your investment property is rent ready as soon as possible will shorten the time it takes to lease the property and boost your return on investment.
Marketing is one of the largest determiners on the quality and quantity of application you receive for your property. Increasing exposure will ultimately reach more people and in turn get more tenants. The internet is the first place tenants look when trying to secure a new place to live, so be sure to strategically market online.
Reduce tenant turnover
If you keep tenant turnover to a minimum and keep good tenants, this will increase your return on investment in the long run. Maintaining good communication with your tenants makes them feel valued, which will help with things such as paying rent on time and taking care of the property because there is a mutual respect. Void periods, whereby the property is empty can be one of the biggest detriments to property owners, therefore avoiding vacant periods by keeping tenant turnover to a minimum will help reduce vacant periods.
Investing in real estate can be an extremely prosperous move, that can not only act as a second income for many but also as a sole income, providing it is thoroughly researched with no stone left unturned. Sourcing properties with high return on investment is easy providing you follow a few easy steps and bear in mind how to create the most successful future financially.
How to Increase Your Cash Flow in Property Investment
Property investment is a business venture, and like any business, it is essential that you make the most profit you can. There are a number of ways you can do this, and sometimes thinking from a business-based perspective can give you a new understanding. It is important to make sure you maximise your income and minimise your expenditure to get the best profit.
In order to maximise your cash flow there are a number of different strategies you can use. The situation you are aiming for is positive cash flow – making money from your property investment. Zero cash flow is breaking even and negative cashflow means you are losing money. It is important that you have an up to date record of all expenses and income, and that you have a detailed plan and financial forecast so you can prepare for the future. Keeping an up to date budget can allow you to recognise where you are spending too much or not earning enough, and that will allow you to make savings and increase your cash flow.
If you are spending too much on your property investment, there are a number of ways you can reduce your spending. If your property needs costly improvements, then it is essential you shop around and get the best price before agreeing to the proposed work. Try and reduce extra costs like advertising, maintenance work, and estate agent fees. Another thing that can be extra costly for property investors is void periods, where you aren’t receiving rental income from tenants. In order to reduce these it is worth considering property like student accommodation which is occupied year round by a new stream of tenants every year. It is also worth targeting long term tenants who are looking for a rental property for a couple of years.
It is also important that you understand the tax implications of a buy to let property investment and know where you can make savings there. It is worth talking to a financial advisor or doing some in depth research into how to save money on your property investment taxes.
Another way that you can increase your cash flow is through increasing your rental income. It is worth being tentative before you increase rental rates significantly, and many property investors worry that this might force tenants to move out. However, if you are providing high quality accommodation, and you need to earn more to balance the books, it is acceptable to increase your monthly rental income. It is important that these rate rises are affordable and appropriate, so look at similar properties and make sure you are charging a similar rate. An experienced property investment firm like RW Invest can help you choose the best rental properties out there, with guaranteed rental yields allowing you to plan ahead.
One other way of making sure you maximise your property investment’s cash flow is through increasing the value of your rental property. If you want to charge more rent, it is worth considering adding things like cleaning services, new amenities, or a gym membership. As long as this is cost effective, it may entice more premium long-term tenants to your property who are willing to pay more.
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