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Students' Column

Nuclear Briefcase of India

Praful Yadav



Agni India Nuclear Briefcase

A nuclear briefcase is a specially outfitted briefcase used to authorize the use of nuclear weapons. U.S.A has one that has been codenamed “Nuclear Football”. It is a black briefcase, the contents of which are to be used by the President of the United States of America to authorize a nuclear attack while away from fixed command centers, such as the White House situation room. It functions as a mobile hub in the strategic defense system of the United States.

While its Russian Version has been codenamed “Cheget”. Cheget has a little different working. It is connected to a special communications system codenamed Kavkaz. It is assumed that similar briefcases have been given to the Minister of Defense and the Chief of General Staff of the Russian Federation.

It is very important for any country with nuclear arsenal to have one of these as they mobilize the ability to attack and can be very useful in times of war, especially if the Chief of Defense is away from a defense command center. India is one of those nuclear-armed countries which doesn’t have a nuclear briefcase. It means that if there is a war or nuclear attack on the country, the President will have to travel to a command center or call them to confirm a nuclear attack. But if such a system is to be brought in India, the problem again arises that who will have the supreme authority over it. The President is the supreme commander of the Defense Forces of India. But most of the decisions are taken by the Prime Minister and the Parliament of India. This means that President is not free to use the briefcase. Then comes the Prime Minister. He cannot be trusted too because the Prime Minister works under pressure from the ruling party or the coalition. It has been proved by the book written by Sanjaya Baru about PM Manmohan Singh and how he worked under pressure from Sonia Gandhi. Neither can be the Chiefs of Different Defense Forces can be trusted as they could be moles of different intelligence agencies or things like that. Many intelligence agencies bribe soldiers to sell information about their country.

It will be interesting to see if this device is ever made in India and it will be more interesting that who is vested with its power. This device is very important and it will be very useful in war situations.

TWR Note:  Articles under students’ column are written by school going students. Readers and commenters are requested to maintain healthy debate and to  avoid the use of improper language. Please stay away from directing personal attacks.

Author Praful Yadav is a student at Delhi Public School Noida (India). He has a keen interest in Defence matters and likes to explore new things.

Culture and Lifestyle

Are You One Of The Many Millennials That Are Prone To Burnout?



Burnout is real. It’s something that so many millennials are currently facing without really realizing it. Burnout is simply where your body (and mind) just cannot cope with the activity that you’re throwing at it any longer. When you’re working hard and a lot of hours, when you’re trying to lead a hectic social life, take care of your health, look after your home, and spend time with your family, something’s got to give. Of course, we don’t tend to slow down on work or social or home or family stuff, because it’s what we know we need to prioritize. So, our bodies tend to show signs of stress. And then burnout can set in.

Sometimes, you’ll just stop. You won’t physically be able to work any longer. Sometimes, you’ll start to feel a sense of depression that you just can’t shake. Sometimes, you’ll just realize that things aren’t worth harming your body over anymore, so you slow down and drastically change your lifestyle. Hopefully, you’ll be able to avoid the first two and land at the latter – for your own sake. But, if you do realize that you are probably on thin ice with your lifestyle and you’re worried about burnout setting in, you can stop it in its tracks without having to end up with any of those three outcomes. But how can you do it?

Well, let’s take a look at some of the signs of burnout and what you can do to make sure that you’re not one of the millennial victims.

Signs Of Burnout


The very first sign that you’re on a downward slope to burnout is overworking. Even when you love your job, and you’re really happy to put in all of the hours possible to carve your career, you probably don’t even see this as an issue. But, it’s usually the effects of overworking and always being ‘on’ that are going to bring on burnout. We’re addicted to social media and being connected to the world, and this is also a huge influencer for bringing on burnout.

Raising Stress Levels

As both a by-product of overworking and just always being on, you will find that your stress levels are high. You may not feel stressed and angry as such, but your body will be stressed. The excess activity and overworking will always mean that your body will be suffering from stress, even if you feel mentally content. Your mind may be clouded, even though you’re happy too. But let’s also take a look at the physical symptoms.

Poor Health

Stress is such a huge killer. And you might not like to admit that you’re stressed, but your body will be showing the signs. Not only will you be suffering from sleep deprivation (even if you’re sleeping solidly, you might not be sleeping enough), susceptible to colds and other illnesses, not eating well (or enough, due to picking at food on the go), using up too much energy without replacing it. And all of this is then going to lead your body to break down.

No Free Time

The final indicator is that you have no free time. Maybe you think that you’re just an expert planner and that you’ve organized your life successfully. But, that’s not true. Everyone needs a release. If you schedule in free-time and restful moments, catch ups with friends, and just time for you, then great. But if not, this is the biggest warning sign yet!

Combating Burnout

Looking At Your Lifestyle

After reading through the signs, you may start to worry that you’re doomed, or that you are one of the many prone to burnout. But don’t panic. Because you can save yourself. You just need to know what to do to sort of reverse the effects and get yourself back into a healthy rhythm. And the best way to do that is to look at your lifestyle objectively and see if you do show any of the signs of burnout. If you do, now we know what you need to work on to change.

Slowing Down

From here, you’re going to want to slow down and enjoy life. It’s really that simple. You may have to break habits and change your attitude, but you really do have to just start taking it easy. When you do, you should find that you instantly feel like a weight has been lifted off of your shoulders. You can enjoy the smaller things in life, sleep well, and generally feel much healthier in yourself.

Taking Action

But next, you need to take action. It’s important that you prioritize your health and start putting things back together. So do the things you’ve been meaning to for a while. Book in with your doctor, call that personal injury attorney to seek advice, think about exercises classes. Whatever you feel is a health issue, you need to take charge and finally put it right.

Committing To Working Hours

A small step but a big one for you will be then to commit to your working hours. Work 40 or 20, not 60 or more. You need to be able to pull back if you’re going to get through this burnout-free.

Making Time For Relaxation

But it’s not enough to just slow down and cut back on your overworking, you also have to make time to rest and relax. When you’re not used to doing this, or you find it hard to switch off, these simple ways to relax are really going to help you to do that. But the important thing is, that you’re actually making time for it now.

Finding Your Ideal Balance

Finally, you need to make sure that you’re finding your ideal balance. Creating a balance in your life can be hard, but if you want to be healthy and happy, then you will do it. You’ll find the perfect balance between home and work and social and ‘me time’ so that you can avoid burnout for good and never become a statistic.

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Students' Column

Translation services are a way of linguistic science



Having a certified translation company that offers all types of translation in more than 100 languages, and covering all sectors of business, is a guarantee for all customers.

Translators should consider three aspects: the accuracy to the original text, the ease of reading and the text purpose. It is certainly is not an easy task and Professional translation services have the experience and an extended range of contrasting jobs. In order to complete a job, each professional uses well proven methods, although there is a large part of work that requires high levels of creativity.

Translation is a linguistic science that does not have the recognition it deserves required.  It needs highly adept professionals, many of them to be found in companies such as Optilingua International, an agency that keeps on growing and expanding, especially since the arrival of Internet, which has an urgent translation service for those who are always in a hurry.

There are many companies and administrative management that require legal, medical or financial translations. From technical documents, fiscal reports, product fact sheets,  product descriptions, reports on corporate governance and compliance, minutes of meetings for management, contracts, rulings and many more. The list is long, and globalisation has only increased the demand for this type of translation.

Optilingua International, a reference company in a sector in full expansion

With over 35 years experience and more than 80 sales offices worldwide, Optilingua is one of the continent’s leading translation group of companies. Currently it offers technical translations to more than 100 languages and covering all sectors of business.

Optilingua Linguistic and translation agencies are distributed throughout the Europe, forming a large network of professionals. This makes possible for all clients to have a professional near if they wish; something necessary for interpretation services to succeed.

This Translation company offers professional services via a network of more than 80 centres in Europe. They are specialised in translations, proofreading, multilingual transcriptions, voice-overs, subtitling and interpreting services.

In European countries only legal translation has official status

Legal translations are very important when you are changing your residence country, since only an official sworn translator will be able to validate documents attesting to your training and personal identification.

The difference between a current translation and a sworn one is not so much in the content, but in the officiality that takes when the translator stamps the legitimacy of the document.

In most countries of the world only sworn translator have official character official notary powers, since just sworn translators are recognised by the authorities.

From Optilingua International website you can ask for free quotation on the official documents to be translated

Despite new technologies and an increasingly interconnected world; stamped documents by official sworn translators still remain in hard copy. There are many translators and customers asking for this signature to be made digital, in order to streamline many processes.

Optilingua International has incorporated the best of new technologies to your work and from their website you can ask for a free quotation: scan your documents and send them to them electronically. You will have a quick response and a work agreement in the best economic conditions.

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Students' Column

The Benefits of Online Education



So many universities are offering to teach online and long distance, and there are many benefits to taking these kind of courses. Where you can learn depends on how much you have to spend, where you live, if you have transport, and can stop many people from getting onto the the course they want to, or even getting educated at all.

There are so many benefits to getting qualifications. You can get into sectors that need to to have specialized experience like working in a hospital, or getting into law. Learning is a great to get into a different line of work, or challenge yourself intellectually. Whatever your reasons, long distance learning can benefit a lot of people.

You Can Learn Anywhere

If you live in the middle of nowhere and physically can’t access a university campus then you have difficulty finding the course you want to study near you, or somewhere you can easily access. Unlike traditional education, there doesn’t need to be a number of students for a class to run, because students are all over the country. Therefore, you have a better chance of studying exactly what you want, and getting exactly the classes you want to study.

You can study from home, or anywhere else you want. Many people work best from, or don’t want all the distractions and inconveniences that come from attending classes, so get a better learning experience by working from home. You never know, an online msn degree could be for you. Sometimes a bit of comfort and relaxation in your own home can help to you to learn better, and retain that information.

Make Your Classes Work Round You

Attending classes on campus means you have to make time for travel and time for the actual classes too, which can take up a lot of your time. If you have families, jobs, or other commitments this can be very difficult. With online classes, however, they are much more flexible. This means you don’t have to sacrifice your other commitments, or use your time unnecessarily, because you can make your classes work round you. Are you a night owl? Then you can learn all you want when you work best.

Save Money

Online classes are notoriously cheaper than traditional ones. This is because you don’t have to be constantly present on campus, and you won’t be using as many resources either. Having cheaper tuition is a bonus, and make these courses accessible to many more people than traditional ones.

You also be saving on travel too. Travel is a huge expense for many people who take courses, and can really add up when you are already paying tuition. Save time and money by learning online.

There are so many great benefits to learning online, rather than in person on campus. These courses are becoming increasingly popular, because they are in demand. More people can study exactly the course they want, and can do so even if they live on remote parts of the country. There are so many benefits to taking online courses, so find about ones available to you today.

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