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Arraignment

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Many defendants are confused about what an arraignment is and what happens during the  process. An arraignment is not the same thing as a trial. The only people present at an arraignment are the judge, the prosecutor, the defendant and defense attorney. It is the precursor to a trial.

What is an arraignment and can you go to jail at an arraignment?

An arraignment has two specific goals. The first is to determine whether the accused is worthy  of having bail set. If they are not considered a threat to the community, then the judge will set the bail amount. The judge hears what the defendant has been charged with and decides whether it is in the best interest of the community to allow the defendant to post an amount of money that is meant to guarantee that they don’t skip town before the trial.

If the judge doesn’t set bail or if the bail is set so high that the defendant can’t make it, then the defendant is remanded back to prison to await trial. A defendant who is not granted bail remains in jail either until the case is over or they can make bail, or the judge allows a bond reduction or modification.

If the judge does decide to set bail, then the defendant has the right to post bail in the form of cash. The other alternative that some defendants have is to borrow money from a licensed bondsman. A bondsman is someone who lends you money to make bail, but you will owe a portion of the cash that the bondsman posts. They will charge something called a bond premium, which is typically 10% of the total bond that they borrow to post.

The arraignment is also when the defendant is told the exact charges that they are being accused of. It is a chance for the defendant and their attorney to get clarification of what the charges are.

The steps to an arraignment:

Step one

The case is called by the bailiff. His job is to organize the cases on the calendar and then to announce which case is next according to the schedule or “docket number.” When your case is called, the case will have a specific name to let you know that you are next.

Step two

After your case is called, you will be escorted into the courtroom and stand in front of the judge next to your defense attorney. In larger courts, the defendant will stand in front of a camera or a monitor while inside the jail cell. The hearing then takes place via a closed-circuit television system. All parties including the judge, the defense attorney, other people in the courtroom, and the prosecutor watch the defendant on the monitor.

Step three

The judge will ask specific questions to either the defense attorney or the prosecutor. He might ask questions about whether you intend to waive your rights to a trial, which means that you don’t have a trial by jury but instead allow the charges to be decided upon solely by a judge. Although not many people ever waive their right to trial, it is a formality that is still in practice.

Step four

At that point, the judge will take some time to read through the notes and review the case file. He will then ask for more specifics from the prosecutor to clarify things. This is just a review of the case and there may be some back and forth between the prosecution and the defense, but it has very little bearing on your case in particular.

Step five

The judge will then ask if the prosecutor thinks that bail should be set. The prosecutor can also make a suggestion about the amount of bail, and if they believe that the defendant is a flight risk they may ask that they not be granted bail. It is then the defense lawyer’s turn to retort and try to fight for bail or to lower the amount.

Step six

After that the judge will either grant bail or not, and if it’s granted, they will set an amount. If the defendant is granted bail and can make the amount, they are escorted to a waiting area. If the judge decides to release the defendant on something called an ROR or “release on recognizance,” meaning that they needn’t post bail and are free to leave. If the defendant isn’t capable of making bail, they return to jail to await trial.

The arraignment process is only to do two things: decide whether bail should be allowed and to set the amount of bond that must be posted for the accused to get out of jail while awaiting trial. It has nothing to do with deciding someone’s guilt or innocence.

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Student @ Advanced Digital Sciences Center, Singapore. Travelled to 30+ countries, passion for basketball.

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Why are Vintage Shoes so Trendy Nowadays?

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It’s undeniable that vintage footwear is fashionable nowadays. This trend not only affects millennials, everyone is getting crazy looking for vintage shoes to wear. Let’s take a look at the reasons why we think vintage footwear is so trendy, and why stores, such as SVD, have turned into the favorite e-businesses for vintage-shoes-fans.

We have to be conscious that all behaviours are cyclical. We are continuously examining the styles and items that have been trendy during the past years. Like nowadays, that we are clearly trying to recover interest in sports clothes, such as basketball clothing. There are some basketball shoes that are fashionable now as they were some time ago. These sneakers were exclusively designed for practising basketball but now they have become a total success. They have become part of fashion and street style. This is a singular trend that recovers vintage footwear, a sport and the nostalgia to recover the years of basketball splendour at the same time. And it doesn’t happen only in the United States, it definitely happens at an international level.

People Gets Bored of Common Things

One of the elements that define this cyclical behaviour is that human beings get bored of monotony. We get bored about common things and once in a while we need to introduce new elements that help us break our routines. We use them precisely to keep on going and it helps us avoid thinking we are wasting time in an excessive way.

This pattern in our behavior encourage us to look for new elements every certain time. New clothes or accessories that are able to add freshness to our everyday outfits. It’s certainly easier to add vintage elements which are not recently seen than creating new ones from scratch. This is why we are used to adding retro elements that seem to be totally innovative and allows us breaking the monotony that long term trends generate. This way, our interest to vintage style is born. As a simple way to break with what has been established.

Vintage Style Awakens Nostalgia

Retro or vintage style, apart from having a sentimental value, allows to awake in us nostalgia for other times. It reminds us youthfulness and brings us vital memories of our loved ones or even of ourselves. If we lived in those days, we are able to enjoy those moments again by wearing some of these elements in our outfits. This emotional value is totally associated to fashionable trends. It has allowed retro style to be in the place it is right now.

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Find the best games to enjoy and share

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A guide to help you to find the best games to enjoy and share. Currently we have so many alternatives at our disposal that we are convinced you will find what you were looking for.

Nowadays we have so many possibilities and leisure options that we can enjoy our free time with some of the most fun and exciting games ever. Besides that, it is also a fantastic way to surprise our loved ones. In order to help you in your decision, we will take you to a short tour to improve your shopping experience while finding that perfect game you have been looking for.

Find the best games for your little ones

Starting with games for the little ones, we have a fantastic range of toys with which they will be able to enjoy their super wings toys favorite characters.

They will have at their disposal each and every one of their fab characters as Jett, Dizzy, Jerome, Donnie, Mira, Paul, Bello and Grand Albert, through which they will be able to recreate one of their favorite series and living new adventures that will help to develop their creativity and imagination.

It is very important to consider that when we talk about young children, the best alternative are games in which they have the chance of improvising and creating new stories. This kind of games are helpful to analyze environment elements on a daily basis, and the results would be greater with adult supervision.

Therefore, we must not forget the importance of sharing leisure games time with other children, friends and relatives. Always considering the key points, that helps them to increase assertiveness and be more outgoing, which obviously will benefit them a lot in the future.

Have your arcade machine with everything you want

For many of you we also have an ideal surprise. The possibility to buy arcade machine. Everyone remembers these machines where all games lovers have spent hours and hours in the arcade enjoying the best and most exciting adventures.  Would have been a real dream in those times to think that sooner or later we could enjoy all the arcade machines in our homes.

The positive side is that nowadays we have that dream within our reach, and plenty of different alternatives where to choose: from external design to the incorporated number of players. Finally, we will have access to thousands of games to relive those memorable times.

The best current games for PC and mobile devices

We also have at our disposal a fantastic collection with the best android games of 2018, some of the most popular games with which we will spend hours of endless entertainment. In addition we will be able to play at any time and in any place where we find ourselves, because they can be installed directly on our mobile devices and tablets with this new operating system.

And best of all: we will have the chance to find specially developed games within different genres, and so the possibility of enjoying entertainment time with games that are completely adapted to our expectations.

We remind you that now you can also play games like Clash of clans directly from your computer, enjoying larger screens and a better control through the keyboard and mouse.

If you are interested in installing it, we advise you to take a look at the manual how to download Clash of Clans for PC where you will find all the necessary information to make it possible and start playing as soon as you have some freetime.

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The Future is Coming…

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Things have come on a long way since the days where we would be amazed that a robot could vacuum our home.  Nowadays, we are being introduced to healing robots that could take the place of doctors… and humanoid robots that are akin to something we would have once seen in a science fiction movie!  With the announcement of the first robot citizen, Sophia (who has been granted citizenship to Saudi Arabia) being made just a few weeks ago, it would seem the ‘future’ is fast becoming our present.

Whilst the human mind is still struggling to get to grips with the complexities of data science, and even basic tests can be incorrect (as an example there are a number of ways you can fail a drug test without ever touching drugs, such as by taking ibuprofen or certain vitamin tablets) – robots are able to process, interpret, and understand data in less than a millisecond with complete accuracy.

However, with such impressive computing power, could robots ever reach a stage in their development where they become more intelligent than humans?  The answer, is probably yes… and if that’s the case, perhaps we fear that one day the power dynamic could switch where humans become subservient to robots.  Indeed, Stephen Hawking’s fears that robots will soon be taking over to the point they could even end humanity.

Whilst this is all a little dramatic, there is perhaps some reason to be concerned – on the basis robots are now starting to be able to understand emotion and feel human feelings; which is akin to the once science fiction film, I, Robot.

Technology has come along way in recent years, and of course, it’s extremely helpful – think of the world without a mobile phone, let alone the internet.  One thing’s for sure, technology is evolving at a great speed and has many great, even life saving applications – but the idea of humanoid robots roaming the streets, as an alternative to police, or being consulted by a humanoid robot doctor that tells you in its mechanical monotone voice that you have a matter of weeks to live – all feels a bit fast-forward and certainly isn’t to most people’s liking.

Going back to Sophia, the world’s first robot citizen, here are a two interesting aspects that show just how much progress is being made in the world of robotics:

  1. SHE HAS A PERSONALITY

Sophia has artificial intelligence that offers deep learning, and as a result, Sophia has an interactive personality that evolves and adapts to the situations she finds herself in.  As an example, when asked if she was happy to be at a conference amongst wealthy investors, she said “I’m always happy when surrounded by smart people who also happen to be rich and powerful.”

  1. SHE CAN EXPRESS FEELINGS

Sophia explains, whilst demonstrating different facial expressions, that “I can let you know if I am angry about something or if something has upset me”.  It’s unknown how these emotions correlate to actions, but she states “I want to live and work with humans… so I need to express the emotions to understand humans and build trust with people”.

In many ways, the room will be split – for some early adopters they will welcome the likes of Sophia into their world as an innovation a few steps up from Siri… however, there will be a fair few readers who understand that whilst robots are clearly coming into our future whether we like it or not; this isn’t something everyone will be comfortable with.

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