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HIV AIDS: Where government has gone wrong, What government can do

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HIV Aids in India where government has gone wrong

Photo: The Hindu

As another world AIDS day passes by and the epidemic shows no sign of end, we need to evaluate the status of AIDS in India. Our country is one of the hotspot of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), an incurable syndrome that eventually befalls on large fraction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals. While globally the number of AIDS patients has started to stabilize but epidemic is nowhere close to being over. This global epidemic has already turned out to be a major killer of humankind on an epic scale comparable to black death and smallpox. As per the latest estimates by UNAIDS, it is the fourth leading cause of death. In India, the state of affairs is so unsatisfactory that we still have frequent cases of mass infection of poor patients due to the negligence of hospitals, horrible mistreatment of HIV positive individuals and lack of even basic care for millions of AIDS patients. While the problems of AIDS in India are manifold and would require efforts from all the sectors of Indian society, in this article we want to bring forward key failures of the Indian government. We focus on five core issues that require immediate attention, if we wish to see the tail of this AIDS epidemic:

  1. Demographic and epidemiological understanding
  2. Awareness
  3. Screening and counselling
  4. Treatment facilities and medicines
  5. Need to develop indigenous cures

Demographic and epidemiological understanding: In India, it is difficult to trust the total number of AIDS patients, as grossly contradicting government figures makes one wonder if the actual magnitude of the epidemic is even larger than what is currently reported. The latest estimates released by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), an organization run under the auspices of the ministry of health, indicates that national adult HIV prevalence in India is approximately 0.29%, which corresponds to an estimated 3.4 million plus people living with HIV in our country (Annual report NACO 2009-2010). In contrast in 2005, NACO reported 5.21 millions HIV positive individuals. One can only wonder if such a change in the figures is an effort to put lipstick on the pig or there was a fundamental error in one of the two estimates. There has been some beating around the bush, blame laying and unsatisfactory explanations in response to this contradiction but if there was a genuine error then what is conclusively being done to avoid future errors, is currently not clearly known. Apart from getting the right overall numbers, what is also needed, is detailed demographic and epidemiological data. Different strains of HIV are prevalent in the different parts of the world and progression of AIDS is also different in people of different genetic background, for example there is a very small fraction of people that innately do not contract AIDS. Such trends of immunity to AIDS are either absent or currently not known in the Indian population. It is rather appalling that in India, the land that holds genetic diversity next to the continent of Africa, we for some silly reasons have been using data solely from the White Caucasian populations. This over dependency on western data is wrong for three reasons: 1) The strains of HIV prevalent in different regions are different, 2) The genetic diversity of India makes comparison to one ethnic group meaningless and 3) Apart from the Anglo-Indians with significant European heritage, no ethnic group in India, whatever be their surname and notions of self identity, share that close of genetic identity with the European populations to justify the current usage. What is needed is to understand the spread of different strains of HIV in India and the progression of diseases in individuals with a different genetic background.

Awareness: The first case of AIDS in India was diagnosed way back in 1986. Subsequently some apparent movement of bureaucratic and political machinery took place that in the following year resulted in the formation of National AIDS control program (NACP). In reality, the understanding of Indian government and media on the danger of this disease was largely missing until recently and is still rather poor. Even till late nineties, it was not entirely uncommon to hear voices in the Indian media claiming that AIDS is likely a trouble of promiscuous foreign lands and not of a conservative India. The media and the government forgot that this land of billion plus is first the land of Kamasutra and then of Gandhian moral curtains. Such ethnic biases that come wrapped in moral judgments cost lives everywhere. Even in the United States, initially AIDS was largely thought to be a disease of homosexuals and Afro-Americans, a curse of God for the decadent. In India, the lackadaisical approach in dealing with AIDS was also due to undermining the spread of HIV through blood transfusion and not realizing the severity of needle sharing by drug addicts and poor hospital administrative/clinical measures. As an addition to the existing policy, firstly the government needs to be aware of the full cost of AIDS and then it needs to take action to better inform the health care professionals and public at large. Media also adds to the trouble by rarely looking beyond less glamorous issues than some odd cricketing century of Tendulkar or birth of Bachchan granddaughter, occasionally mentioning somewhat sensational denial of basic services to HIV positive individuals or some innocent people being infected at a mass scale, instead of serious discussion of issues. Serious discussions, even when managing to creep in from the nooks and crannies of the sensational mainstream news, fails to gather attention beyond one media cycle.

Is this lack of information spread, a result of lack of resources or is it due to lack of political will? A significant chunk of taxpayer’s money on AIDS, like any other resource in India has been squandered with significant chunks making it to the chauffeurs of the corrupt. Lack of adequate money is definitely a problem, but a relatively minor one, compared to the mismanagement of the available resources. An approach for awareness, with low cost and huge promise, is the proper training of health care professionals. Mandatory improvements in the syllabus of medical schools and compulsory training of health care professionals to be better deal with immunocompromized AIDS patients, providing all medical services to HIV positive patients and to counsel patients on screening and precautions can be a game changer. While some namesake changes have been made in some medical curricula of advanced training but none to the internationally acceptable standards and barely any that impact primary care providers dealing with majority of patients. Formulation and implementation of laws against discrimination of HIV positive patients is also needed urgently. Another dimension of information dissemination and care is to focus on special groups. Recent international attention and support from charitable organizations along with government of India’s initiatives on free distribution of condoms to sex workers has been very productive. Successful select programs are currently targeting high-risk populations like truck drivers and sex workers but the biggest group with this affliction is currently ignored. This group is of the displaced urban poor migrant workers who are forced to work in non-native cities and seek sexual favours in questionable places. In a nation, that is busy unsuccessfully dealing with the symptoms of poverty and displacement, by the means of handouts that reach only select few and harassment to silence dissent, one needs to cure the actual disease of poverty that accentuates problems such as AIDS by means of holistic socio-economic development.

Screening and counselling: Roughly 85% of new infections are via the heterosexual route and efforts towards premarital counselling for HIV can reduce half to three fourth of this spread. In Goa and Andhra, the high prevalence states, the state governments proposed bills in 2006 to make HIV testing compulsory before marriage, but ethical concerns and political issues have thus far stopped the actual implementation. This issue of mandatory testing poses a real ethical concern as on one hand we do not have any patient confidentiality where people are denied their due rights due to their HIV status and on the other hand, who can justify the infection to innocent spouses, mostly females via their less than faithful counterparts? One needs to evolve a system where an employer and an insurer, cannot know the HIV status of the patient but a spouse can. It is not going to an easy nut to crack for any government, leave alone Indian, but the administration has not even started inching in the right direction of evolving such a mechanism.

Treatment facilities and medicines: National AIDS control program (NACP-III, 2007-2012) of India has a total budget of about 2.6 billion dollars but only a minor fraction of it is for the treatment. This is unacceptably low amount of money being spent on treatment, especially the amount that finally trickles down the bureaucratic apparatus. One may wonder what do we mean by treatment of an incurable syndrome? The progression of HIV positive individuals to AIDS is very different. Once patient contracts full blown AIDS his/her survival can vary from months to decades. This survival, apart from patient to patient variability, depends on the availability of antiviral drugs and treatment facilities. It is possible that India may have lost much of its potential to produce generic and cheap anti-retroviral relief due to twists in the international politics and India’s easy compliance with pressures. It is possible that recent aid to African countries to counter AIDS, has likely come with strings attached as they have almost stopped use of cheaper generic anti-retroviral drugs. Indian anti-retroviral drugs that were much cheaper than Western products have not just lost a market in Africa but their share in India is also tapering. We would recommend evolution of an informed policy that considers efficacy and costs of all compounds with the goal to save as many lives as possible.

Need to develop indigenous cures: Let us focus on vaccines, a preventative approach that actually holds a long-term cure of AIDS. While there have been some sporadic islands of successes in the ocean of failure in finding vaccine for AIDS, the international efforts are finding new promises and ruling out failed ideas with every passing day. We wonder why not a single significant effort worthy of mention is being pioneered in India? Given that we as Indians have become comfortably numb to the thought of India as a second or third grade country that is a recipient of high-end technology and fruits of scientific research, an average Indian, even if bluntly reminded of the state of affairs, howsoever offended, will not break sweat for long about the lack of innovation. The concern is far graver than the lack of innovation and the lack of national pride. If we need vaccine for AIDS, as soon as it is available in the West, unlike the case with polio or smallpox, we cannot take our begging bowl to world as we did in early years after independence or grossly overpay our way out, as we frequently do to procure any technology, ranging from our medicines to our warplanes. The problem with HIV vaccine stems from to the issues of demographics and epidemiology. Different strains of HIV are prevalent in different parts of the globe. HIV is very diverse, in fact some strains only show 40% homology between each other, not that different of genetic homology between you and a banana and in fact less than you and an earthworm. Thus to combat a hyper-mutable virus one needs to work on local strain and keep local population genetic profile and overall epidemiology in mind to solve the AIDS epidemic in India.

Will India rise to the challenge novel anti-retrovirals and indigenous vaccine? Likely not. Even in the well developed sectors like information technology, India only delivers small software packages for foreign products and does not manufacture a single major internationally recognizable product. This is not due to dearth of scientists or of money. In fact, India has very high numbers of biomedical scientists and research institutions spread across the country for the size of its economy. The problem is of incompetence, lack of management, corruption and nepotism. The political infestation of research is palpable in Delhi where corruption and lack of accountability permeates all levels of research epithet. One need not go into the obvious appointment of unqualified vice chancellors and administrators of universities and directors of research institutes based on proximity to political parties in power. A look at say, the University of Delhi University, a supposed prime University of India, can give you an idea of the political stooges running the show of research in India. Apart from corrupt management, there exist a large number of the so-called scientists who do not have a single major internationally known finding to their name but are busy sliding papers in “friendly” obscure journals and frequently get awarded national and regional honours. This abysmal state of affairs keeps very successful and patriotic scientists out of this Indian swamp that is sure to kill any good science.

In summary, current government efforts are either missing or misplaced and are largely wrought with corruption and inefficiency. A significant blow can be landed to AIDS epidemic with effective government policies. We hope that this article along with many other efforts raises awareness of public and its representatives for better combating the scourge of AIDS.

Dr. Sukant Khurana is a New York based scientist, artist and writer of Indian origin. His basic research involves neurophysiology, computational neuroscience, sensory perception, addiction, learning and memory, while his applied research extends into many areas of drug discovery and problems of the developing world. Both his visual art and writing explore the issues of modernization, displacement and identity.

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Everything You Need to Know About Nursing and Becoming a Nurse

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critical-care-nurse

Nursing is an excellent career because you can start off your working life as a nurse or transfer your career into nursing at any time. It is challenging, but there is enough role variation between the nursing types that you can find the right pace and the right role for you, almost guaranteed.

Not everyone can make it as a nurse, of course, but if you have a passion for helping people and an interest in healthcare or the sciences, then nursing can be the perfect route for you. Unlike with doctors, you can get started as a nurse very quickly and then study while you work.

This makes nursing far more accessible than becoming a physician or a doctor and nursing itself has come such a long way from its early days. For example, though physicians and doctors themselves have existed as a role in one way or another for the entirety of human history, nurses, as we know them today, really only began as a profession in the mid-1800s, and even then, nursing education was still almost a hundred years away.

The first university-led nursing degree started in 1909, but it wasn’t until 1923 that the Goldman Report was published, which espoused the benefit of having more nurses university trained.

This is what led to the Associate’s Degree in Nursing, which, though it still exists today, is being widely phased out for the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). Even though many reports noted the benefits of BSN-trained nurses, it wasn’t until 2010 that the industry began to shift.

Nurse practitioner and master’s programs also only began from the mid-sixties to the mid-seventies, yet they have become one of the most integral roles in society. There is a large physician shortage, and it is the Family-Nurse Practitioner that is filling that shortage.

MSN-prepared nurses are becoming increasingly visible and important in healthcare. With this importance comes very high wages and a great range of workplace options both within healthcare settings and in unique settings like movie sets or on research expeditions.

Nursing as a Career in 2021

Nursing is a big commitment; to become an APRN and open up the largest number of opportunities, you need to achieve a BSN and an MSN at minimum. You can, of course, go further and either earn a post-master’s certificate to specialize as a new type of APRN or further your career with a Doctorate degree.

There is an increasing push as well for greater levels of education. Currently, there is a goal of reaching 80% RNs holding a BSN degree instead of the associate degree in Nursing (ADN), and many states also have a ten-year law, where nursing with an ADN needs to have achieved the BSN within a certain timeframe.

Overall, this means that your career as a nurse is going to require a significant amount of study. However, you don’t need to take time off from work to do this, as many top degree options today are available online, with few exceptions. These exceptions include your clinical placement and occasionally a residency period designed to allow you to physically meet your peers and educators.

The good news is that nursing is on the up.

One of the most important factors to keep in mind is that nursing is currently facing a shortage, and retiring nursing poses a huge threat in the future. Current estimates assume that, around the world, there will be a shortage by 2030 of around 6 million nurses. A huge bulk of this shortage will be due to nurses retiring by the end of the decade.

Though this doesn’t bode well for society, it does mean that you are extremely likely to find work within the first few months of graduation and upon completing your licensing exam. It also means greater investment and opportunities for new nurses than ever before.

To help you understand the current nursing shortage, know that there are typically only 12 nurses per 1000 people on average in the United States. At best, for instance, in states like Wyoming, there are only 19.86 nurses on average per 1000 people.

Even the biggest and most well-off states like California are facing nursing shortages.

Shortages typically mean higher wages and greater investment and push for more nurses and higher nursing education. This is a great environment to be in when it comes to building your career as a nurse, as not only does it make it more favorable for your career, but it is also one of the best ways that you can work to make a significant difference for the quality of life for all Americans – or, alternatively citizens of the country where you are currently residing.

Nursing isn’t all about the shortages, either. Family Nurse Practitioners, for example, are one of the best job roles in the world. FNPs are in the top 4 best jobs in healthcare and in the top 5 best jobs overall. They work to offset the physician shortage (expected to reach as high between 55,00 to 139,000 by 2030), can often manage their own clinic, and generally enjoy both increased privileges and better work/life balance.

Understanding the state of the nursing career is the best place to get started, as having a realistic understanding of what you are getting into and what will be involved is the best way to power through and manage your expectations.

Becoming an APRN is not a race; it’s a marathon, and there are a lot of different routes to get there.

The Nursing Career Paths

You can jump right into nursing with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, or you can work your way up with certificates that allow you to work in healthcare environments and then start investing in further education.

Indirect Nursing Career Path

You don’t need to earn a BSN before starting your nursing career. However, this is the best option if you currently don’t have a job and need to start earning money, as the first step as a Certified Nursing Assistant only requires a few weeks of training, and then you can get started as a CNA.

Certified Nursing Assistant

Certified Nursing Assistants provide a lot of holistic and supportive care and work underneath Registered Nurses. CNAs are found in hospitals and in care homes. They change out bedpans, give sponge baths, and work to keep patients comfortable and dignified. Though it may seem like the work is grueling, the work you will be doing as a CNA will directly impact patients’ quality of life. 

The CNA program only takes a few weeks to complete, and once you pass the state exam, you will start applying to roles.

Licensed Nurse Practitioner

The Licensed Nurse Practitioner is one step down from Registered Nurses. Becoming an LNP takes around six months, after which you will also need to pass the state exam. Licensed Nurse Practitioners have many more advanced roles, but once again, the work is primarily holistic, working to keep patients comfortable, clean, and safe. You will work underneath RNs and also provide a lot of supportive work.

Technically you don’t need to become an LNP to become an RN. Instead, you can study for your BSN degree while working as a CNA, and after you graduate and pass the state exam, you can skip the LNP role entirely.


The reason why you would want to become an LNP is for the higher wages, and also the experience. This option is particularly useful if you don’t have the time or a financial barrier to earning your BSN.  

Registered Nurse

There are still two ways to become an RN. The first is with a BSN. This option is the best one, as the Associate’s Degree in Nursing is being phased out, and you cannot progress to an MSN with an ADN.

Of course, there are still instances where you may prefer to earn the ADN. For example, it only takes two years to earn the Associate’s degree instead of four. By earning your ADN first, you can then become an RN, earn a higher wage, and then continue with an accelerated BSN degree (available to ADN-holders).

 

Direct Nursing Career Path


If you currently already have a job or at least have the security to earn a degree without working alongside your education, then you can earn a BSN right from the bat. This degree will include clinical placements, and there are many designed for non-nurses. This means that there is a direct path to becoming an RN. Overall, it will be faster, as you skip several different levels of nursing while simultaneously preparing for your MSN and furthering your nursing career.

Advancing Your Nursing Career: The MSN

Though there are a few different routes, the actual process of becoming an RN is straightforward. Where choice comes back into play is with your MSN. There are multiple different types of MSN degrees, and each will help you specialize in a specific area of medicine.

The Types of APRN


There are four general types of APRN roles, but even within these types, there are numerous sub-types. A nurse practitioner, for example, can socialize with a variety of different patients. NPs can specialize in family practice, women’s health, mental health, pediatrics, and more. The same applies to Clinical Nurse Specialists, who often specialize in a specific area of medicine like oncology.

The four main types of APRN are:

  1. Nurse Practitioners
  2. Clinical Nurse Specialists
  3. Nurse Midwives
  4. Nurse Anesthetists

Choosing the Right Degree

It can be difficult to decide which degree, and therefore which career path, is right for you. Taking time after earning your BSN to explore the types of medicine and which patients you are most passionate about treating is the best way forward.

Do take the initiative. See if you can work in different departments you are interested in and invest in medical journals or nursing journals to help you explore your interests and help you find your passion.

It isn’t the end of the world if you “choose wrong”. In fact, there is no such thing because even if you don’t choose the perfect career path, you can always certify in a new direction, only this time coming with a more diverse background that can actually help improve your career prospects.

Certifying for New Positions

There are many choices on where you can take your nursing career, but the good news is that you aren’t entirely stuck with the degree you work towards. You may start off as a clinical nurse specialist or even an emergency nurse practitioner and decide that it isn’t what you want to continue doing for the rest of your life after some years.

The steps to switch careers in nursing isn’t easy, but it is doable thanks to post-master’s certificates. You can go from working as a CNS-RN and becoming a Family Nurse Practitioner with a top online post master’s FNP certificate, for example, and have a new certification in two years or less.

Post master’s FNP certificates are incredibly popular because of how much autonomy FNPs have. In many states, you can start and even manage a primary care clinic yourself, meaning that you will be the primary point of care for families in your community. With so few nurses per 1000 people in every state and a physician shortage, this is the best way to advance your career while helping more people and yet still enjoying a higher wage and remaining in control of your work/life balance.

Your Nursing Career

Nursing is one of the most important, most trusted, and at for APRNs, one of the highest paying careers you can get involved in. Yes, there is a lot of education and training involved, but most online degrees today are designed for working professionals. With an entire industry helping support you and a country worth of people who need you, nursing can be the perfect career choice for you.

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The Way We Have Exercised Has Changed

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2020 taught the world that if anything matters, it’s health. This revelation led to a huge boost in the number of people making their health and wellbeing a priority, which also led to a huge change in how many people chose to exercise. 

As a society, we underwent many societal changes in 2020 thanks to the ongoing pandemic, but it’s not just these changes that occurred, the way that the majority of people stay in shape has also changed. 

Lockdowns meant that more people than ever before were forced to workout at home, due to no access to gyms or other sports facilities. This caused a significant shift in the fitness landscape, with the way in which people choose to exercise transforming beyond recognition. 

In 2021, there have been even more shifts in terms of how people are choosing to workout and stay in shape – the culture of fitness has changed significantly. Experts in fitness are predicting even greater changes over the next few years in terms of how we exercise. 

What are the fitness trends of 2021 and how have they changes the landscape of fitness post-pandemic? 

Home fitness has become popular 

While gyms have reopened in some locations, there has been a continued trend of home fitness. Many people are actively choosing to continue working out from home, rather than returning to the gym – with more consumers than ever before choosing to invest in working out from home. 

Home gyms are a popular option:

Home gyms have become increasingly popular. More households than previously seen have built gyms in their homes. OnePoll revealed that 75% of people – out of 2000 people questioned – believe staying fit at home is easier and more convenient than working out outside of the home. 

For people who have found home workouts to be effective during the pandemic, a high number are still choosing to continue working out from home. Many people have chosen to build full gyms in their homes, whereas others have simply chosen to invest in key pieces of workout equipment, such as heavy duty resistance bands for home use, for instance. 

It is possible to get a great workout without the need for overly expensive workout equipment. According to experts, all it takes is a pair of dumbbells and some exercise bands, and you can make getting in shape more accessible and more affordable. 

Apps are a strong contender: 

For many people, home workout apps, such as the Fiit app, are a popular choice for making it easier to stay in shape while at home. These apps are designed to offer a wide range of workouts, from high intensity workouts to meditation-based yoga and pilates, there’s something for every fitness level and ability. That is one of the reasons why these apps have become so popular. 

Many people also opt to utilise free home workout tutorials offered on YouTube, Facebook and Instagram. 

Holistic fitness has become increasingly popular 

With the pandemic came a strong emphasis on the importance of self-care and taking care of mental fitness, and from that came an interest in holistic fitness. 

A surge of interest in the health of the mind, as well as the body, has meant that when it comes to fitness, more people than ever before are approaching it as a whole body experience. This has meant that more people than ever before are focusing on restorative fitness activities, rather than focusing on the most intense and high-paced activities. 

Yoga has become popular: 

As a tool for bridging the gap between physical fitness and mental fitness, yoga has become increasingly popular. 

What’s fascinating about yoga is that it’s not a one-size-fits-all activity; there are various different types and levels of yoga. From restorative, gentle yoga or faster paced yoga for fitness, so there’s an option for every ability and fitness level. 

Fitness apps often have a lot of varying yoga tutorials to choose from. Many also offer combined activities such as barre, which is a combination of ballet and yoga designed to boost fitness and flexibility. 

Virtual fitness is more popular than ever 

What started as a result of the need for physical distancing during the pandemic, has become a popular trend. Virtual fitness consulting and classes started out as an answer to lockdowns, but has now become the preferred method for working out for many people, and it’s easy to see why it’s so popular. 

The apps that offer virtual workouts are exceedingly popular, especially the apps that offer 24/7 access to recorded workouts. The convenience of being able to workout whenever is best for individuals is part of the reason that this concept has become so popular. 

Many people are also part of virtual workout groups, either on Facebook or groups run by personal trainers via Whatsapp. These kinds of groups create a sense of community and are useful for motivating and encouraging people to remain on track when it comes to their fitness schedules, which is partially why they’re so popular. 

Video game fitness is a new tool

The video gaming industry has jumped on the fitness trend by choosing to change the way many games are played. Many video games can now be played using the body as the controller, in a move to encourage gamers to become more physically active and boost their health and wellbeing. 

Movement can be used as the main controller for many video games, with an increasing number of people choosing to play games where their body is used as the controller, rather than using a traditional controller system. 

There is no doubt about it, the pandemic has significantly changed the world’s approach to staying active and working out. There have been a number of societal shifts as a result of needing to remain physically distant from others, and the fitness industry has undergone a huge one. The way people choose to workout has changed, with many people choosing to continue to exercise in a way that is linked to lockdown exercising. 

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Digitisation of medicine: better digital medical devices

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The digitalisation of the economy has not only been responsible for changing people’s consumption trends. In addition, this transformation process has extended to sectors of the economy such as medicine, driving the development of advanced medical devices.  

In the last two years, the digitisation of the medical sector has undergone a significant deepening as a result of new technologies and the advent of the pandemic. With the need to stay at home for as long as possible, valuable medical equipment such as the Digital Stethoscope has been developed.

Through remote auscultation, patients have the possibility of receiving medical care and monitoring their health from the comfort of home. Without a doubt, this type of digital medical equipment represents a major breakthrough in the digitisation of medicine.

What are digital medical devices?

Digital medical devices are equipment specially designed to monitor and evaluate the health status of patients remotely. In this way, medical staff can receive data, images, videos and audios about certain parts of the body that need to be analysed during a medical consultation.

Thanks to digital medical devices, specialists and their patients can create integral communication spaces, taking the concept of telemedicine to a new level. In recent years, outstanding remote care equipment such as the digital stethoscope, digital otoscope, as well as pocket electrocardiograms have been developed.

Digital stethoscope

The digital stethoscope is a very useful medical device, especially in a context of social distancing. It is a medical equipment that allows the auscultation of the patient to be carried out remotely and efficiently.

Medical staff can wirelessly connect the digital stethoscope to their mobile phone and receive the audio signal of the patient’s auscultation. Likewise, patients simply connect the stethoscope to a wifi signal that allows them to send the signals to their doctor remotely.

 The vast majority of models use mobile applications to receive, store and send the patient’s auscultation.

Digital otoscope

Another of the best medical devices to hit the market in recent times has been the digital otoscope. Through this home medicine doctor, patients are able to obtain high-resolution images that allow doctors to check the condition of the eardrum.

It is a remote, fully portable solution that is characterised by high image quality and ease of use. The best models come with specula of different sizes that can be adapted to the individual patient in a versatile way.

From the comfort of a mobile phone, doctors can view the images and videos taken by the digital stethoscope and make a diagnosis from anywhere in the world with Internet access.

The digitisation of medicine is an incredible process of transformation that makes advanced tools available to the public to facilitate remote medical care. From the comfort of your own home, it is possible to receive a medical consultation quickly, easily and safely.  

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