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Indian Economy Slowdown; Government Policies and Euro Crisis

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BSE Sensex, Mumbai
It is a general feeling in India that bad time has almost arrived for their expanding economy. The problem arrived on the Indian shores as the global economy is wobbling once again. Once the land of opportunity, Unites States is facing the problem of increasing rate of unemployment, The rising giant in the neighbourhood, China is facing hampering exports and a downturn in real estate industry. Other rising economies like Brazil and Russia are experiencing their economies enervated as well. Among all this Europe is considered to be experiencing  worst time. The continent is battling with a sovereign debt crisis which if not dealt correctly could damage the continent’s economic and political union.
Recently petrol prices were increased in India, making it to the league of few countries with one of the most expensive petrol prices. Massive price rise of commodities of daily use and food in past eight years has tightened the purchasing power of the Indians. Plunging stocks and weakening Rupee has added to the worry as well.
In this globalized world, it is normal to see the economies of various countries or regions getting affected due to problems in the other. India which had done relatively well in 2008 recession survived many external shocks and continued moving on its growth path. 
However, the situation this time is different in the country. The current downturn in Indian economy could have been avoided or could have been brought down to minor level, since it is not solely dependent on the European crisis but also on some wrong government policy changes as well as internal political turmoil. 
As many senior leaders of the ruling party are coming into picture for various scams and corruption charges, the current government has adopted a defensive stance. Everyday protests against the government policies and differences among the coalition government has made the government busy in making policies to save itself.
India is viewed as a rising global powerhouse and is considered as one of the countries which can assume a major role in driving the world’s economy. Recently Indian officials were predicting growth rates of 9 percent or higher. It was a big opportunity for India to make itself more attractive for foreign investors who were hesitating in putting money into declining advanced industrial economies in the west. However, the government made mistakes and missed opportunities to better position India as the global economic landscape shifts, accepts Kaushik Basu, the government’s chief economic adviser.
Just for an instance, the finance minister Pranab Mukherjee, struggling with the pressures to raise revenues and to check the rising fiscal deficit, released a budget that proposed new taxes on foreign entities in India in March, including levies on past deals that the Indian Supreme Court had ruled were non-taxable in the country earlier. Foreign investors were stunned, and they began to pull out their money from Indian stocks, this mass outflow of capital is one reason why the rupee has slipped down by 13 percent since the end of February.

Not just this, the very next month of Pranab Mukherjee announced the changes in the budget, S&P lowered India’s credit rating to negative (BBB-) from stable (BBB+). S&P credit analyst Takahira Ogawa said: “The outlook revision reflects our view of at least a one-in-three likelihood of a downgrade if the external position continues to deteriorate, growth prospects diminish, or progress on fiscal reforms remains slow in a weakened political setting.” the S&P also lowered the rating outlook of the country’s 10 top banks which includes the State Bank of India (SBI), ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank.

“We are fed up and our investors are not keen to even talk about India,” said a senior executive at an American bank in Mumbai, asking not to be identified so he could speak bluntly. “They are sick and tired.” 
Another major problem lies in the age old bureaucracy in the Indian system, long procedures for official approval and acquiring licenses has enervated the enthusiasm of many foreign investors. Industries like pharmaceuticals, Information technology and consumer goods are prospering in India as it doesn’t require much official approvals and licenses, however in case of manufacturing, mining, infrastructure development India is lagging behind. And manufacturing and mining are those sectors which will ensure the growth even in the tough times.
Long procedures for gaining approval and licenses are not the only barrier, if the investor has a small bad luck and falls in some legal dispute then it is very difficult to come out quickly as Indian courts take equally long time in processing. Thus, not only foreign investors, but also Indian corporations are eyeing projects outside to invest.
According to a report by NDTV Profit, foreign investment in Indian stocks and bonds was only $16 billion in 2011-12, compared with $30 billion in 2010-11. The trend is continuing even with a faster pace since March 2012, when the Finance Ministry, trying to stem a rising budget deficit, proposed a raft of new taxes on foreign institutions doing business in India.
Fake currency being pumped inside India from neighbouring countries sponsored by ISI is also one of the reason of depreciating Rupee. ISI aims to make Indian economy hollow by pumping fake currency in the system. Almost every month Army and Police ceases fake currency, but no one knows how much has already been pumped and how much is being pumped inside Indian economy. As counterfeited currency makers have advance technology and ink that can replicate Indian currency notes with 99% accuracy.
Although it is true that Indian economy is experiencing a low, it would be wrong to say that it is the end of Indian growth story. While some of the strongest European economies are falling, Indian economy growth rate has just slowed down from 9%-10% to 6%-7%. It is expected that Indian economy will be pulled back to its track latest by 2013.

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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Economy

Protecting Your Business From Rising Fuel Costs

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The cost of fuel is soaring globally, due to various factors, including the coronavirus pandemic and the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. 

Businesses everywhere are feeling the burden that comes with increased energy costs. However, there are a number of things that experts have determined companies can do to fight back and protect their businesses from rising fuel costs.

Implement green measures

Dusistainbility has been a big trend in global business in recent years. Companies that have not yet embraced measures such as the paperless office and the use of solar power, many find that doing so now could help to offset some of the extra costs arising due to higher gas, oil, and electricity prices.

A four-day week

The benefits of a four-day week for employers and their employees have long been debated, but there is a lot of evidence to suggest that companies can be run just as efficiently in four days as they can in five. This could give companies struggling with the cost of heating, and lighting their offices, or running their machinery the opportunity they need to protect their business from fuel costs without losing money. 

Should a factory, for example, close for one extra day per week, they would save 20 percent of its operating costs, and studies have shown that employees who work four days a week are around 20 percent more productive, which means they could save a great deal on the ongoing cost of fuel, without ruining their productivity or losing revenue. Many experts believe this to be a win-win situation.

Special offers

Of course, when the price of fuel rises, in certain industries, customers may be affected by those costs, and therefore less likely to make the same level of purchases they once did. Companies who find themselves in this position need to do whatever they can to encourage customers to buy.

For example, Volvo Penta, which sell luxury yacht and marine engines, among other applications, may find that due to the cost of fueling a vessel, fewer people are going out o their boats, causing sales to drop. By making special offers or putting together attractive packages, they can encourage more purchases to be made. If the product is good, and the price is right, it is easier to weather this particular storm.

Downsizing

Now that remote working is easier than ever, downsizing office space is set to be another important way that companies around the world can protect themselves from the rising cost of fuel. The fewer employees who need to be in the office or onsite, the smaller the office space can be, and the fewer resources will be required to keep it running smoothly, so expect to see more homeworking going forward.

The cost of fuel may be set to rise even further in the Autumn, and no one knows exactly what will happen beyond that, but there are a number of things businesses can do in mitigation, so it is almost certainly not time to panic yet.

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Joao Vale e Azevedo: pessimistic prospects could be tackled by collectivity

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As we enter the new year, the effects of 2021 are now echoing in the economy in 2022. According to the World Bank’s latest Global Economic Prospects report, global growth is expected to decelerate markedly from 5.5 in 2021 to 4.1 in 2002 and 3.2 percent in 2023. This has been proposed both in the case of developing and major economies, such as the case of the United States.

In 2021, governments around the world have suggested that it was a year of rebirth. However, current numbers are not showing that and so not everyone is trusting on this bet. This is the case of Joao Vale e Azevedo, chairman of KUNST Global – an equity firm based in London, Geneva, Zurich and Luxembourg. For him, the forecast is still negative for 2022 as inflation keeps on running critically in the US and in many European countries. But unlike in the 1970s and 1980s, the solution won’t lie in governments printing money like they did in the past.

The chairman of KUNST Global also doesn’t think that the so-called commodity crisis is temporary as the news might say. In fact, Azevedo believes that there is more to it than the effects of the pandemic. While the Covid-19 crisis has ignited the growth of e-commerce, Azevedo claims that this intensification in demand for goods would happen anyway and the problem is actually in the distribution industry: “It is unable to meet this increased demand. There is no labor, no trucks, nor ships. The offer is no longer able to meet the market demand and this is not a contingency, it is a physiological fact.”

Finally, the third and possibly the most concerning problem is the price of energy. “This is really a worrying question, and not only for our distant future, as it has been up to now, but also for our present,” explains Azevedo. “We are witnessing it on a daily basis: electricity and gas bills have skyrocketed. Families and companies, which were already suffering from the pandemic, do not know how to cope with the increases.”

Although propositions like moving from coal to gas or from oil to electricity may point the way out, Azevedo thinks we are completely deprived of the infrastructure and funds necessary to manage this change. What is more, the chairman of KUNST Global argues that present politics lacks long-term vision, which means politicians are often too focused on electoral cycles instead of considering the future – thus mining any possibility of investments for change.

In addition to that, Azevedo has been keeping a close eye on the war in Ukraine. In his opinion, if Russia persists in carrying on the war, not only this country will be doomed to bankruptcy, but the whole West could face a domino effect. “Regardless of this, the war in Ukraine means greater market instability, rising energy prices that are already out of control, and a further increase in inflation, which could reach double the current levels,” he adds.

However, not all hope is lost. Hopefully, the war in Ukraine will find a rapid resolution, which is something that could catalyze even more this sense of collectivity that Joao Vale e Azevedo sees growing after two years of pandemic. “The fact that we have had fewer opportunities for interaction has meant that we are now more aware of the value of those interactions, and probably also of human life. We are a stronger community. The challenges that await us are very difficult, but together we are much better prepared to face them,” he concludes.

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How People Around The World Are Investing Their Money

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One thing that everyone should aim to do with their spare cash is to invest it – as wisely as possible, but at least in a way which is going to lead to potentially high returns. If done correctly and with a bit of good fortune, it is perfectly easy to improve one’s wealth to a considerable degree this way, and it is therefore well worth people considering this.

As it happens, there are a lot of investment options that people are making use of all over the world, with some that are especially popular right now. Let’s take a look in some detail at some of the major ways in which people are investing their money – and making some considerable gains, in many cases.

Stocks & Shares

Arguably one of the most popular forms of investment is stocks and shares – which can be incredibly lucrative if it is done in the right way, and with the right set of circumstances behind an investment. Indeed, stocks and shares remain the number one investment that people are engaging in every day throughout the world, and with good reason. Not only is it potentially something that can bring considerable returns, it is also relatively straightforward to get into and learn at least the basics of, making it a very simple and easy form of investment for most people.

It also doesn’t require a huge amount of money to get going – although having that is obviously not going to hurt one’s chances of success starting out! In fact, it’s doable to get going with stocks and shares with literally a few spare pennies – so it really is something that pretty much anyone can get into and make use of. It can also be a good way to diversify and widen out a portfolio that may include other forms of investment as well.

Savings Accounts

Although many people think of investment and savings as two different things, they are really just two sides of the same coin. You can think of saving as a form of investment, especially if it is done in the right manner and with the right approach. Of course, in order to find success with this, it is important to make sure that you are choosing the best savings account there is. That means one that has a high enough interest rate for it to be worth it, as well as having other functions that might be important to an individual – such as the ability to take money out whenever you need to, for instance.

With interest rates diving all over the world, this is quickly becoming one of the less popular forms of investment – but for now it is still worth considering, as it can be a good way to at least store your spare cash as necessary. If nothing else, you’ll probably find that you are able to find yourself in a much better financial position this way soon enough, even if that doesn’t happen as quickly as it might with certain other investments.

Cryptocurrencies

Although there is some controversy around cryptocurrencies, there is no doubt that it is one of the world’s most popular forms of investment right now. There is also no doubt that it’s possible to make a lot of money this way – as some of the world’s richest people have done so already. Even in a much lesser sense, however, it is perfectly possible for an individual with a regular amount of wealth to make money investing in cryptocurrencies. And generally, this is done in a few key ways.

First of all, you can simply buy some crypto and then hold on to it, hoping for its value to improve and selling it on once it has done so. Alternatively, you might want to consider trading crypto coins by buying one kind and then trading into another as you think it might be lucrative. This takes a bit more knowledge, patience and skill, but the returns can be significant. Either of these can work very well, however, and they are worth thinking about at the very least.

A related form of investment, in that it too relies upon blockchain technology, is NFTs. These pieces of art can be bought and traded as above, and some of them are creating huge amounts of money for people right now, so it might well be worth getting into.

Spread Betting

Another form of investment that a lot of people are getting into in the past few years is something known as spread betting. This is where you place bets on a variety of outcomes on a particular event, whether it’s a sport, a political event or whatever else it might be. With the right bet and the right outcome, this can be a really effective way to make some money, and it is best done with the attitude of it being an investment rather than a bet – as this helps in keeping things a little more sensible.

To make the right decisions, it is helpful to be patient and work out what kinds of results are likely to occur, and to find them at a good price. Searching for NHL picks and horse racing tips is a good place to start for that. However it might be done, with care and attention this can prove to be a decent way to invest some spare money, so it is definitely something to think about.

Bonds

If you are particularly keen for a very safe form of investment, it is well worth looking into bonds. Bonds are something like a savings account, but with an important difference that needs to be understood well in order to make good use of them. Essentially, you buy a bond and you will be paid back your initial investment, plus any interest that may have accrued along the way too. They are very low-risk and yet can bring you a lot of money over the long-term, so they are worth looking into for pretty much anyone looking to make a little money on the side.

Bear in mind that you won’t be able to access the money during the fixed rate period, so you should only invest whatever you don’t need to have immediate access to. However, they offer higher interest rates than your average savings account, so it can be worth it.

Precious Metals

Another form of investment that many people around the world are investing in right now is precious metals. In truth, these are always popular, and it’s not too hard to appreciate why. After all, precious metals will generally always retain their value even when everything else in the world is going through turmoil. That is especially true of gold, which still holds the standard that the global economy works by – with the exception of cryptocurrency.

As you can see, precious metals are almost certainly worth considering at the very least if you want to invest your money wisely. But make sure that you are only putting what you can afford to lose into this investment, like any other. Although it is not the highest-risk investment, it is not zero-risk either.

Those are just some of the most popular investments around the world that people are making good use of right now. Any of these could be lucrative and useful for you, so take a look at them in turn and see whether any of them are suitable for your needs and purposes. You might be surprised at how effective they can be.

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