US and the western world supported the movement in Kosovo which resulted in the separation of this small territory which India doesn't recognize as a country.
U.S. and its allies who maintain some friendly relations with India urged India to back this and recognize Unilateral Declaration of Independence of Kosovo as soon as possible.
It was India which remained much silent on this, and didn't want to comment anything. The reason of this silence was India's decade long warm strategic relations with Russia. Not only this, Russia and India share something same on this issue and recognizing Kosovo may initiate some same problems in the both multi-ethnic nations.
Russia feared that recognizing Kosovo would encourage other rebellions in Russian and in other former USSR states such as Chechnya to start their own independence protest.
While India feared that a parallel would be drawn between Kosovo and Kashmir, such recognition will encourage separatist in the state of Kashmir to fight for independence.
In a cable accessed through Wikileaks, Foreign Secretary Shivshankar Menon in a response to US ambassador to India “thanked him for conveying the U.S. position,” but stated that the Indian government was yet to decide “how to respond to a declaration of Kosovo independence.”
Few days later Ministry of External Affairs of India released a statement expressing that according to India Kosovo didn't meet any of the three condition required for India to recognize a newly declared nation. That is,
|On Sunday 9th March 2008, |
a multitude of Kosovans flocked to
London's Trafalgar Square to
celebrate the independence of Kosovo.
1. A defined Territory
2. A duly constituted Government
3. The Government should be accepted by the people and should have effective control over the entire region claimed.
The cable also quoted the statement as saying that Indians were unhappy with what happened in the region, and the issue should have been resolved through peaceful means and through consultation and dialogue between the concerned parties.
Kosovo is an province with Albanian majority which constitutes 2 million of the total population. The Serbs considers this region as the cradle of Serbian Civilization. This created the scene of a separatist war and a Serbian attack on the region in the late 1990s. When the reports started coming of ethnic cleansing of Albanians backed by Serbs which had killed around 10,000 Albanians, NATO intervened seized the area in a 78 days bombing campaign and occupied Kosovo. Since that day the territory is not administrated by the government, but the UN with the presence of some 16,000 NATO troops
Scroll down if you are looking for comment form, your comment is very much appreciated!!