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Medicine: From The Study Of Gods To Healing Robots

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V0018149 An invocation to I-em-hetep, the Egyptian deity of medicine.
Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images
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An invocation to I-em-hetep, the Egyptian deity of medicine. Oil painting by Ernest Board.
By: Ernest BoardPublished: –
Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Throughout history, civilizations all over the world have sought to fight disease, postpone death and relieve suffering. After all, as being healthy is by far the best and only way to enjoy a longer life, it appears evident that doctors would have developed fascinating medical approaches and knowledge throughout time. The history of medicine, however, is a tale of mankind evolution, knowledge and, more often than not, a tale of beliefs. It is because today modern doctors believe that science has most answers — and will one day have all answers — that the role of the healer has changed from a holy figure to an experienced scientist. While there have been many eureka moments, the story of healing the body is not only a story of unsung medical heroes, but also a portrait of how human beings perceive their world.

The Gods made me sick

The earliest documented doctors that archaeology has revealed were Egyptian physicians 5,000 years ago. While there might have been doctors before that time in other countries, Egyptian papyri are for now the earliest evidence of medical knowledge. However, these writings attribute the responsibility of the health of the people to the pharaoh. In those times, healing methods were groups in sacred centres and consisted mainly of religious rites and ceremonies designed to ask the Gods for health. Another belief of the time was that diseases were the result of an angry deity. Consequently, the ceremonies needed to appeal to the Gods and offer a sacred apology for the offence. The belief that the divine could influence human health lasted for centuries, as even in the Middle Age, healing sacrifices were still encouraged in Pagan communities.

Studying the cure

Nowadays the approach to finding a cure has changed greatly. Scientists, and especially lab scientists, rely primarily on the observational study of patients in the retrospective of existing data as well as the investigation outside of clinical trials to find evidence of a cure’s success. This scientific process is relatively new in the world of medicine and dates back from the Industrial Revolution. In fact, people invented the steam engine before they understood how to diagnose and make more effective medications! But with the evolution of the observational field, more and more medical professions dive into the complex relations between the body and the mind, from a standard GP to a specialist neurologist.

Can robots heal us?

Finally, the evolution of medicine isn’t over yet. There is still a lot that doctors don’t understand, and a lot that they can’t treat. Consequently, new healing methods are discussed all over the world. Doctors have stopped waiting for a divine answer. Instead, they have been building nanobots, which will be able to navigate the body to repair internal damage locally. What sounds still like a sci-fi story is expected to happen by 2030. Will the human health be in the hands of robots? As surgeons already rely on robotic technology in the operating room, internal bots could be the next big heal!

In the end, the story of medicine is still to be continued. But it remains, for now, a story that highlights the resourcefulness of mankind and its desire to understand and manage the cause of all diseases and maybe, one day, defeat death too.

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Student @ Advanced Digital Sciences Center, Singapore. Travelled to 30+ countries, passion for basketball.

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Culture and Lifestyle

Why You Should Get Involved With Your Local Community

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Local Community

Getting involved in your local community has many knock on effects, both in your life and the lives of others. To see a change in the place where you live can only be done by acting, and aiming to get involved in your local community. Once you get involved and work towards common goals with other people who share your ethos, you would be amazed at how easy it is to change the communities in which you live for the better. Whatever your interests, and whatever change you want to see in the world, there are lots of things you can do that will have a positive effect on the pace where you live. If you enjoy where you live, and want to improve it for everyone, getting involved in your local community is the best way to do this.

Volunteering

This is very diverse, and you can help out in so many different ways to create change in your community. You could help out with vulnerable groups of people, like help groups, or even put in a few hours at a soup kitchen. Many organisations need volunteers to work, so even giving a bit of your time can help these schemes to keep on running. Just a bit of help per week, month, or year, will have great effects in the places where you live. Although donating to charities is a fantastic thing to do, it is not a quick fix solution. Getting involved, putting yourself out there, and putting in some time is a great way to change things for the better. Although you might not change someone’s life completely, it’s a really good start.

Learn About Politics

Politics affects everyone, and this can be a great way to incite big changes in your local community. You don’t have to run to get elected to make some positive change in your local community, you can do so just by learning more about what each political party wants, and how your vote can help create change. The first step is becoming aware of problems or issues in your community that perhaps need to be addressed, or knowing what action needs to be taken. Learning about local, and international policies, like the National Endowment for Democracy, is a great place to start. Getting involved in politics can be a great way to see a change in your local community, and you have far more influence than you think. You can not only vote but write to politicians, or even attend public protests and events if this aligns with your beliefs. Getting involved in the community means knowing what you want to change, and figuring out how. What change do you want to see? And how can you make this happen?

Being the change you want to see in the world is easier said than done, but here are a few ideas to get you started. Putting in in some time volunteering for vulnerable people, children, events, or the environment. Think about what change you want to see, and take action.

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Why Do Metropolitan Cities Have A Gravitational Pull?

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The three most powerful forces that drive the future of a nation forward are the politics, culture and economy. There isn’t a particular order for this list because they cannot exist without each other. It’s a triangle of sorts that we don’t often really sit down to think about. If you look around the major capitals of the world, they all have something in common. They are becoming an oasis and in the three aspects mentioned, detaching from the rest of the country. The population in such cities as Tokyo, London, New York, Seoul and Paris are only getting higher. These cities are without a doubt very metropolitan. This cultural saturation isn’t everybody’s cup of tea. But because of the increase in job opportunities, people who wouldn’t otherwise choose to live in such a large city flock in their masses. It’s almost like these cities have their own gravitational pull that suck up the surrounding cities, towns and villages of their working age people. The younger generation more than ever, want to live in a bustling city. There are numerous reasons why this is occurring which also presents new challenges.

So why the attraction?

The majority of college students in many Western countries are now female. Thus they are the majority graduates as well. The main subjects that are being taken right now are liberal arts. These may be journalism, art and design, social care, psychology as well as acting. Many large cities have always had a solid base for these kinds of professions. There are large theatre halls, the major publications are all situated in the capitals for greater access to the political field, and there are of course many art galleries within their perimeters.

As the cycle of new and old workers continue to revolve around, the seniors in these fields all look toward the next generation whom they give a chance to continue on their businesses, companies and institutions. As the living expense in high population cities is always going to be high as food, real estate and access the public services is tight, the salaries are also high. Generally, the pay is going to be higher than if you did the same job but in a smaller city or town. Therefore many of the millennial and even young generations see the opportunity to live and work in a culturally rich, politically important and high-paying city.

Stuffed like cattle?

Now bearing in mind that major cities all have a substantial history, it’s inevitable that the buildings and infrastructure are going to be old. This means space is tight by design. The added benefit to this is that everything is relatively close, almost always within walking distance. From the local doctor to the local supermarket, everything is cosy and nearby. This is what attracts many people to adjust and even favor the city life than perhaps in a suburban environment where they grew up. Yet, as aforementioned the real estate is going to be aged. Living in cramped and small rooms are going to be the norm.

However things are changing, and it’s down to the modern designers that are making contemporary residential homes and or apartment buildings. A prime example of this new mentality that’s making waves in a positive way is MEP Design. Rethinking what can be achieved in modern apartment design, the company has its own designers and engineers. The plumbing, electrical work and mechanical aspects are done in a scope construction project.

The approach this kind of company has is perfect for urban development as the recurring theme in the overall design focus is verticality. You can’t go wide or laterally spacious in heavily populated cities. Therefore the only way is to go upward and build a fully functioning three-story home. This is great for the millennials as they are the first generation to be predominantly in the middle class. While earning a good salary, more and more people can now afford bigger apartments while living and working in the capital. Thus the quality of interior design and decor must fill the additional room that is available.

Is this sustainable?

The question of whether this trend is sustainable is rather tricky to answer. For the majority of capitals, the central zones or heart of the city is where the majority of jobs and consumerism exist. Therefore if cities are going to become more and more populated, they will have to grow larger. This can only be done vertically up to a point. The outer edges will need to be constructed upon at a rapid rate to fulfil the demand for housing. The rival question for this theory would be whether there will be enough jobs to go around. Automation is mainstream now, right from large businesses to smaller enterprises. Productivity is a hot topic because employers want a single employee must become proficient enough to do twice the work of an employee a decade ago.

This conundrum could, in fact, balance out the situation. The need for housing will be balanced by the amount or cutting of jobs in the city. If this is so, it could have a wider impact throughout nations. Suddenly the capital city is to be demoted in importance because the majority of the population cannot stuff into one location and still live in a comfortable and stable environment. Other cities and towns across their respective countries will need to develop quicker and supply good paying jobs, sufficient housing and infrastructure needs.

The lure of the big city is always going to be a powerful and romantic dream to some people. The younger generation is becoming more middle class and thus expect to be living such a lifestyle. The attraction of living among history and where many cultural trends form and evolve makes many millennials feel at home in the capital of their respective nations. It seems like modern design companies are beginning to solve the issue of urban housing shortages. Their vertical-oriented designs and modern technological takes on interiors are creating comfort in more ways than one. However, if these large cities are going to be sustainable in their population growth, a great number of small and medium-sized businesses will need to be born every year.

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Planning a College Party? Consider These Ideas

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When you need a break from the textbooks and classroom environment, and would like to get to know your classmates more, you might be thinking about unique ideas to create a good atmosphere and relax together. College parties have a bad reputation around the world for being loud and rough, but you can choose to do things differently. Below you will find a few ideas on how to impress your classmates and throw a unique college party that everyone will remember for years.

Carnival Theme

A party that i simply relaxed and laid back, and has no theme can be boring. If you ask your friends at college to create their own outfit or visit the local thrift store to dress up for the carnival theme, you can have loads of fun. You can have a costume competition, and dancing in costumes. You can even try to guess who is behind the mask. A college party with a theme can be a great during the first term, or just after everyone has finished their exams, and want to celebrate.

Talent Show

You can also have a talent show and advertise the event in the college paper, or on the notice board. Set prizes for the best acts, and specify what type of acts you are looking for. It can be singing, dancing, magic, acrobatics, or even stand up comedy. A talent show will be a good way of finding out more about the people you see every day in the classroom and the library.

Gaming Competitions

If you want to up the stakes, do something that happens in college rooms every day: gaming. You might need to check out the guide to Final Fantasy XV, but it will be worth the effort. Get people to contribute some gaming consoles, and get a few big screens. You might even ask the college to use one of their rooms at the weekend for the competition, and get help from the IT department to set up your equipment and monitor the games remotely.

Quiz Night

You can also organize a quiz night during the winter, and ask local businesses to contribute prizes for winners in exchange for free advertising. You will need a few quiz books, access to a printer, and a few tables. You can hire a room, go down to the pub, or use a classroom, if you get permission, and invite your teachers to help choose the theme and questions.

Business Pitch Night

Another great unique college party idea is recreating the “Apprentice” by allowing people to pitch teachers with unique business ideas. The main aim of the party would be to come up with ideas that you as a community can implement to earn extra money for trips and nights out.

Whether you had enough of the books, or the boring college parties, you can come up with a unique idea of organizing your own party. Get creative, involve others, including the teachers, and you will have loads of fun, get to know each other better, and have a great night.

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