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Analyzing Horse Meat Scandal, Its Effects, and How it Progressed.

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Tesco, horse meat scandal
Tesco, Photo taken by Clive Darra
Horse meat Scandal is the adulteration of non vegetarian food which is advertised as containing beef with horse meat. The ongoing food adulteration also includes undeclared uses of other meats like pork. The issue was first exposed on 15 January 2013, when it was found in the reports that horse DNA had been discovered in frozen beefburgers sold in several Irish and British supermarkets. Samples were sent to the FSA recognized labs via courier companies and other methods for testing. Gradually reports of discovery of traces of undeclared horse meat also started coming from France, Sweden, Spain and Netherlands. 
Horse meat is not harmful as such, and in many countries like China, Russia, neighbouring France, Italy and Kazakhstan it is consumed commonly, however in many countries like Britain and Ireland eating horse meat is considered a taboo. In the customs of Islam and Judaism; eating horse meat is considered sinful. At this, selling horse meat or pork declared as beef is a big issue like playing with the sentiments of the public. It is just like British East India Company purposely greasing cartridges of rifles with cow and pork fat to humiliate their own Hindu and Muslim soldiers, who consider eating beef and pork sinful. 
Increase in population, rise in prices and tight demand and supply is causing the meat factories think of other alternatives to make bigger profits, however without thinking of the consequences. Big brands like TESCO, Aldi and Findus (Sweden) had to withdraw their products from the shelf which had meat from these factories, causing wastage of food.

Is Eating Horse Meat Harmful?

Horse meat eating is common in countries like France, China, Italy, Russia and Kazakhstan and is considered healthy and doesn’t pose any risk. Britain’s FSA says that eating horse meat is not unhealthy, given it has no veterinary drug phenylbutazone or bute. Bute is used as an analgesic for horses which is another name for painkillers. Bute was banned from use in humans after it was found that its users suffered side effects that caused serious blood disorder, although its possibility of ill affecting a human being was only 1 in 30,000.
However, FSA said that the levels of bute found in previous testing of contaminated food was so low that it has to be multiplied by thousand to bring to the same recommended value for humans as it was allowed earlier. Chief medical officer Professor Dame Sally Davies, England’s senior most doctor, said the level of contamination, 1.9mg/kg, posed “very little risk to human health”. She further added that around 500-600 burgers containing 100% horse meat would need to be eaten to receive the daily human therapeutic dose.
Harmful effects of bute when taken in low quantity for a long time has not been studied yet, but anything that is harmful is ultimately harmful whether in small quantities or big.

How Did Horse Meat Manage to Enter Food Chain Replacing Beef?

AFP reported that Comigel (Private French Food Processing Company) had blamed French meat-processing company Spanghero, which further put blame on Doly Com, a Romanian-based slaughterhouse from where the meat was bought via traders in Cyprus and the Netherlands. However, an inquiry undertaken by the French government has cleared that “the meat had left Romania clearly and correctly labelled as horse. It was afterwards that it was relabelled as beef.”
Romanian prime minister, Victor Ponta and minister of Agriculture Daniel Constantin came forward to put Romania’s point in front. prime minister said, “the two Romanian slaughterhouses initially suspected to have links to the horse meat scandal never had direct contact with Comigel and had not done anything illegal.” Minister of Agriculture said, “there was no evidence of false horse meat labeling occurred in Romania.”

So How Does the Whole Supply Chain From Romania to France Work?

Doly Com (Romania) supplies the horse meat under a contract to Cyprus-based meat trader Draap Trading Ltd, which operates in the Netherlands. Draap delivers the horse meat to a cold storage company in Breda (Netherlands), and then sells the frozen meat to meat processing company Spanghero (France) , who has declared that meat arrived at their Castelnaudary plant labelled as “Beef – originating in EU”. After further processing, Spanghero sends it to Comigel, where the end products for sale were made. At the moment, according to French media reports, Spanghero falsified documents regarding the meat.
It is still not clear that who is the real culprit of this scandal, a detailed investigation is required to reach the roots of this case. Then only the whole idea will come into the picture, whether it was done to make profits, or if it was an error.
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Sanskar Shrivastava is the founder of international students' journal, The World Reporter. Passionate about dynamic occurrence in geopolitics, Sanskar has been studying and analyzing geopolitcal events from early life. At present, Sanskar is a student at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and will be moving to Duke University.

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Culture and Lifestyle

Medicine: From The Study Of Gods To Healing Robots

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V0018149 An invocation to I-em-hetep, the Egyptian deity of medicine.
Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images
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An invocation to I-em-hetep, the Egyptian deity of medicine. Oil painting by Ernest Board.
By: Ernest BoardPublished: –
Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Throughout history, civilizations all over the world have sought to fight disease, postpone death and relieve suffering. After all, as being healthy is by far the best and only way to enjoy a longer life, it appears evident that doctors would have developed fascinating medical approaches and knowledge throughout time. The history of medicine, however, is a tale of mankind evolution, knowledge and, more often than not, a tale of beliefs. It is because today modern doctors believe that science has most answers — and will one day have all answers — that the role of the healer has changed from a holy figure to an experienced scientist. While there have been many eureka moments, the story of healing the body is not only a story of unsung medical heroes, but also a portrait of how human beings perceive their world.

The Gods made me sick

The earliest documented doctors that archaeology has revealed were Egyptian physicians 5,000 years ago. While there might have been doctors before that time in other countries, Egyptian papyri are for now the earliest evidence of medical knowledge. However, these writings attribute the responsibility of the health of the people to the pharaoh. In those times, healing methods were groups in sacred centres and consisted mainly of religious rites and ceremonies designed to ask the Gods for health. Another belief of the time was that diseases were the result of an angry deity. Consequently, the ceremonies needed to appeal to the Gods and offer a sacred apology for the offence. The belief that the divine could influence human health lasted for centuries, as even in the Middle Age, healing sacrifices were still encouraged in Pagan communities.

Studying the cure

Nowadays the approach to finding a cure has changed greatly. Scientists, and especially lab scientists, rely primarily on the observational study of patients in the retrospective of existing data as well as the investigation outside of clinical trials to find evidence of a cure’s success. This scientific process is relatively new in the world of medicine and dates back from the Industrial Revolution. In fact, people invented the steam engine before they understood how to diagnose and make more effective medications! But with the evolution of the observational field, more and more medical professions dive into the complex relations between the body and the mind, from a standard GP to a specialist neurologist.

Can robots heal us?

Finally, the evolution of medicine isn’t over yet. There is still a lot that doctors don’t understand, and a lot that they can’t treat. Consequently, new healing methods are discussed all over the world. Doctors have stopped waiting for a divine answer. Instead, they have been building nanobots, which will be able to navigate the body to repair internal damage locally. What sounds still like a sci-fi story is expected to happen by 2030. Will the human health be in the hands of robots? As surgeons already rely on robotic technology in the operating room, internal bots could be the next big heal!

In the end, the story of medicine is still to be continued. But it remains, for now, a story that highlights the resourcefulness of mankind and its desire to understand and manage the cause of all diseases and maybe, one day, defeat death too.

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Health

The Trends That’ll Guide the Future Of Health and Fitness

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woman running health

When it comes to fitness, we’ve taken many steps back when compared to our ancestors, who were, according to scientists, much stronger than we are today. However, we are beginning to fight back somewhat, and in recent decades we’ve learned a lot more about how we can best reach out fitness goals. The use of technology, science, and cultural factors will allow us to work more efficiently than we have in the past. Below, we take a look at the trends that’ll guide the future of life at the gym and beyond.

Working With Others

There’s more to working out than simply getting in shape. It affects our confidence, overall mood, and general mental wellbeing. The other thing that does this is being social. As such, we’re likely to see an even greater overlap between being social and exercise in the coming decades. Why work out alone, when you can do so in a group or with your friends? It’s common for gyms to now offer free classes as part of a gym membership. In the future, this will form an even greater chunk of the gym going experience.

Using Technology

Technology is touching just about every aspect of our lives, so it makes sense that it’ll form part of how we exercise, too. There are already plenty of available smartphone apps that allow you to work out more efficiently, or sometimes without any equipment whatsoever, as in the case of the many seven-minute apps on the app stores. There will also be a lot more wearable items available, which will push you to get your minimum amount of exercise each day, and allow you to track how much progress you’re making with your fitness goals.

Using Mathematics

We’re beginning to understand a lot more about how our body uses exercise to improve. As such, we’re on course to become much more efficient; instead of blindly working out for, say, an hour, you can use science to determine the most effective workout, cutting down the time you spend in the gym in the process. We’re also learning a lot more about how to build muscle, too. If you’re trying to bulk up, you can read up on macro ratios on aretheyonsteroids.com. It’s an equation that anybody can use to get bigger and stronger.

Virtual Reality Running

No matter how advanced our approach to fitness might be, it goes without saying that some people will never truly be on the exercise bandwagon, for one simple reason: they find it boring. But this might change in the future. Soon, there’ll be virtual reality machines that simulate running in beautiful destinations, and video games that allow you to compete in a sport as if you were playing outside. It’s a distraction that’ll lead many more people to get the exercise they need!

We’re approaching the golden age of fitness. With technology and better education by our side, we can start looking forward to new and innovative ways to reach our individual health goals.

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Health

The Major Players In The Vaping Game

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Vaping is big business, with health officials all over the world encouraging smokers to put down their cigarettes in favour of e-cigs. Vaping is commonly marketed as a healthier alternative to smoking, so you may think that major tobacco companies are threatened by the ever-growing popularity of e-cigarettes. This would make sense unless you did a little digging online and discovered that many of the vaping game’s major players are actually leading tobacco companies. Research suggests that some of the best-selling vaping brands, including Blu and 10 Motives are owned by tobacco companies, many of which belong to the market monopolists, Big Tobacco. This infographic provides information about the parent companies that are profiting from vaping, and as you can see, some of the tobacco giants are heavily involved. Although 80 percent of brands were found to belong to independent firms, nine of the best-selling vaping brands belong to companies or subsidiaries of Big Tobacco (British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International, Imperial Brands plc and Philip Morris International), Huabao International Holdings and Stada Arzneimittel. Five brands belonged to parent companies that were not associated with tobacco. It’s often assumed that buying e-cigarettes takes money out of the pockets of tobacco giants, but this infographic raises an interesting point. With the market buoyant, it looks as though many of the major players in the tobacco game are also set to profit from e-cig sales. With this useful infographic, you can learn more about who is playing and winning and vaping game.


Infographic design by Go Smoke Free

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